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Introduction to the Study of Language. THE INGREDIENTS OF LANGUAGE. Introduction to the Study of Language. AS Level Language Remember that the focus at AS level is on Style rather than Content , so when thinking about the following, consider the ‘Why’ as well as the ‘What’.

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the ingredients of language

Introduction to the Study of Language

THE INGREDIENTS OF LANGUAGE

introduction to the study of language
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • AS Level Language
  • Remember that the focus at AS level is on Style rather than Content, so when thinking about the following, consider the ‘Why’ as well as the ‘What’.
introduction to the study of language1
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • The Ingredients of Language
  • The following features, or ingredients, are influenced by the context, or situation, in which they are found.
introduction to the study of language2
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Lexis
  • Grammar
  • Structure/discourse structure
  • Semantics
  • Phonology/prosodic features
  • Graphology
introduction to the study of language3
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Lexis
  • The words themselves that make up the text or discourse
introduction to the study of language4
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Grammar
  • The way individual words are structured and arranged together in sentences
introduction to the study of language5
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Discourse structure
  • The way the content of a text is organized
  • (‘Discourse’ is simply another term for text)
introduction to the study of language6
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Semantics
  • The meaning conveyed by the lexis; this can include pragmatics, the underlying meaning behind what we say
introduction to the study of language7
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Graphology
  • (Written texts only)
  • The way in which written texts are presented; their spatial arrangement and layout, the type and size of their lettering, etc.
introduction to the study of language8
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Phonology/prosodic features
  • (Spoken texts only)
  • The use of vocal elements to add extra force to what is being said
introduction to the study of language9
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • These are the individual parts, or ingredients of language, that taken together you will be asked to analyse and comment upon.
introduction to the study of language10
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Note 1:
  • While each of the above ingredients may be found in a text, individually they may not always be sufficiently important for you to comment on. Every text is different, and what strikes you in one may not be so interesting in another.
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Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Note 2:
  • What you must not do is simply make a list of the ingredients without saying anything useful about them.
introduction to the study of language12
Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Note 3:
  • Don’t forget the Why as well as the What!
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Introduction to the Study of Language
  • Note 4
    • The examiners already know what ingredients are in a given text; what they want you to do is tell them something useful about them.