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Job Search Strategies for International Students at University Park Campus. Co-Sponsored by Career Services and International Student & Scholar Services – Division of Student Affairs FLORIDA INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY. Career Services Your Partner for Career Success GC 230 EC 2780 WUC 255

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job search strategies for international students at university park campus

Job Search Strategiesfor International Studentsat University Park Campus

Co-Sponsored by

Career Services and International Student & Scholar Services – Division of Student Affairs


Career ServicesYour Partner for Career Success

GC 230 EC 2780 WUC 255

(305) 348-2423 (305) 348-1282 (305) 919-5770


International Student & Scholar Services

GC 355 WUC 363

(305) 348-2421 (305) 919-5813


  • Self Assessment
  • General Tips
  • Challenges
  • Work Authorization Options
  • Finding Companies
self assessment
  • What is your competitive advantage?
  • What makes you unique?
  • What are your marketable skills & competencies?
  • Are you willing to relocate?
valuable personal characteristics
Valuable Personal Characteristics
  • Bilingual, if not multi-lingual
  • Adapted to life in another culture (Resilient)
  • Lived independently
  • Exhibits determination, perseverance and tenacity
identify clear career goals
Identify Clear Career Goals
  • Register with Career Services at
  • Meet with a Career Consultant
  • Clarify duration of employment in U.S.
  • Research the field
  • Read journals/publications
  • Talk with your faculty/professors
  • Obtain experience
target your market
Target Your Market
  • Multi-nationals
  • Small/mid-size companies
  • Companies doing business in or business with your home country/region (US Companies that have divisions in your home country)
  • Foreign firms operating in US particularly from your home country
  • Companies with history of H1-B sponsorship
  • Consider intern/co-op employment as “foot in the door” opportunities
general success tips
General Success Tips
  • Start early
  • Utilize all resources available
  • Be consistent
  • Prepare a professional resume
  • Develop strong interviewing skills
  • Obtain experience & develop skills
resume tips
Resume Tips
  • Provide a frame of reference for potential employers (related experience/skills)
  • Emphasize strong English communication skills in resume (written and verbal)
  • Resume should be free of errors especially awkward use of language
  • Clear, concise format
interviewing tips
Interviewing Tips
  • Be on time! (arrive 10 minutes early)
  • Professional Business Dress
  • Maintain eye contact
  • Expect direct questions regarding experience and competency
  • Promote your skills/ accomplishments
  • Research the company & demonstrate that knowledge
  • Schedule a “Mock” Interview with Career Services!
  • Disclosure of work authorization
obtain experience
Obtain Experience
  • Internships/”Co-ops”
  • Student Organizations
  • Student Professional Organizations
  • Make contact with potential employers
    • Internships
    • Career Fairs & Career Forums
    • Company information sessions
    • Alumni programs
    • Conferences, lectures
    • Student groups (professional associations)
  • Use your personal network
    • Friends
    • Professors
    • Classmates
    • Family
  • Hidden job market - 80% of jobs
top ten skills sought by employers
10 Organizational Skills

9 Computer Skills

8 Flexibility/adaptability

7 Analytical Skills

6 Strong work ethic

5 Motivation/initiative

4 Interpersonal Skills

3 Teamwork Skills

2 Honesty/integrity

1 Communication Skills!

for more information attend career services workshops sign up at www fiu edu career
For more information, attendCareer Services Workshopssign up at

“CS 101-Panther Joblink Orientation”

“Internships 101”

“Interviewing Skills”

“Resume Writing”

“Networking Your Way to the TOP”

staying in the us
Staying in the US
  • Finding companies that sponsor for H1B visas
  • Immigration quotas
  • Employer perceptions
  • Becoming an informed applicant
finding companies that sponsor h1bs
Finding Companies that Sponsor H1Bs
  • Focus only on companies that sponsor
  • Fully utilize Career Services Office
  • Network with friends, family, classmates & alumni in your field
  • Avoid government agencies and government subcontractors
  • Avoid companies that hire you for OPT but do not sponsor H1B
immigration quotas
Immigration Quotas
  • FY 2008 (Oct. 1, 2007 – Sept.30, 2008)

Congress mandated cap: 65,000*Regular FY 2008 quota reached April 2.Special Quota of 20,000 for US Advanced degree holders finished in 1 month

* 6,800 set aside for U.S.-Chile & U.S. Singapore Free Trade Agreements

  • FY 2007 (Oct. 1, 2006 – Sept.30, 2007)

Congress mandated cap: 65,000*Regular FY 2007 quota reached May 26Special Quota of 20,000 for US Advanced degree holders reached July 26

* 6,800 set aside for U.S.-Chile & U.S. Singapore Free Trade Agreements

Higher Education and Non-Profit Organizations are exempt from the caps

h1b typical occupations
H1B Typical Occupations

* Engineers * Computer Programmers and Analysts * Accountants * Architects * Doctors * University Professors or Researchers

employers perceptions
Employers Perceptions
  • Employers unfamiliar to applicable law and regulatory procedures
  • Hiring Complexities
    • Long processing time
    • Legal Bureaucracy
    • Cost
be an informed applicant
Be An Informed Applicant
  • Become knowledgeable about work authorization /visa options
    • Information you can provide
    • Cost estimates
    • Paperwork requirements
    • Your own attorney (Check with ISSS for various workshops conducted with local Immigration Attorneys.)
practical training f 1 c pt opt
Practical Training (F-1): CPT & OPT
  • Practical Training is employmentrelated to student’s major or field of study. Authorizationthrough USCIS or by an ISSSAdvisor is required (whetherwork is paid or not).
  • Access required F-1 Online
practical training f 1 cpt opt
Practical Training (F-1): CPT & OPT
  • Eligibility Requirements
    • Student must be maintaining valid F-1 status at time of application.
    • Student musthave been lawfully enrolled full-time for at least two consecutive semesters prior to application.
    • Student must have viewed the REQUIREDISSS F-1 Employment Online Workshop.
curricular practical training cpt
Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
  • For academic creditORcurriculum requirement of major or program.
  • If done for academic credit:
    • Only “Internship” or “Coop ” courses qualify; “Independent Study” and “Seminar” do NOT qualify.
    • Course must be commensurate to current degree level.
  • Authorized by an ISSS Advisor during an appointment.
curricular practical training cpt1
Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
  • Authorized for aspecific employer.
  • Duration of authorization (for academic credit):
    • From first day of classes until last day of classes (IFstudent appliesbeforestart of term)OR
    • From date of application until last day of classes (IFstudent appliesafterstart of term).
curricular practical training cpt2
Curricular Practical Training (CPT)
  • No application fee.
  • May be authorized as part-time (20 hours or less per week) ORfull-time (21 hours or more per week).
  • Authorization noted on page 3 of SEVIS I-20.
  • May be paid or non-paid, at Employer’s discretion.
optional practical training opt
Optional Practical Training (OPT)
  • For training that is not required by degree/program curriculum and not for academic credit.
  • Employment Authorization Document (EAD) issued as form of authorization.
  • Authorized by U.S. CIS with ISSS advisor’s recommendation.
  • Application fee charged by U.S. CIS
  • No employer required for application.
optional practical training opt1
Optional Practical Training (OPT)
  • LIMIT: 12 months (OPT may be available for each higherdegree completed.)
  • May be used BEFORE or AFTER completion of degree.
  • If used before completion of degree, OPT is authorized for part-time employment; If used after completion of degree, it is authorized full-time.
  • OPT after completion application period: application within last term of enrollment only and PRIOR to end of that term.
words of advice from adviser to student
Words of Advice(from adviser to student)
  • Be informed about OPT and your post-OPT options!
  • Use available resources!
  • Apply for OPT!
  • Make the most of your OPT experience!
  • Be flexible!
  • Make yourself valuable!
  • Don’t wait to know your employer’s policies about immigration support!
  • Consider further study!
  • Remember that timing is critical!
  • Invest wisely!
beyond opt change to another niv category
Beyond OPT:Change to Another NIV Category

Overview of NIV Categories:

  • H-1B - Temporary Worker in Specialty Occupation
  • O-1 - Aliens of Extraordinary Ability
  • P-1/2/3 - Entertainers/Athletes -
  • TN - Trade (NAFTA)
  • E-1/E-2 - Treaty Trader/Treaty Investor
  • E-3 -
  • L-1 - Intracompany Transferee
h1b visa category
H1B Visa Category
  • Temporary Worker in a Specialty Occupation.
  • Employment permitted only with sponsoring company or institution.
  • Granted for an initial period of 1 to 3 years with possibility of extension for an additional 3 years (Maximum: 6 years).
  • Quota: 65,000*H1B Extensions not subject to quota/cap*Omnibus Appropriations Act (2004) implemented for FY 2006; 20,000 additional (MS/PhD)
h1b visa category1
H1B Visa Category
  • “Dual Intent” NIV classification
  • DOL: Wage Attestation
  • DHS U.S. CIS: Adjudication of COS to H1B
  • Fees charged: Application, Anti-fraud, Expedited Processing
  • Immigration attorney services recommended; legal fees charged.
tn trade nafta
TN (Trade NAFTA)
  • Citizens of Canada, Mexico, Chile & Singapore.
  • Employment for specific professional fields/positions.
  • Employment permitted only with sponsoring company or institution.
  • Authorization period: yearly basis.
l 1 intracompany transferee
L-1 Intracompany Transferee
  • Transferred to affiliate, subsidiary or parent company in the U.S. in executive or manager level at company in home country.
  • “Dual intent” NIV classification
  • Being transferred to same level or higher position in the U.S.
  • Employed by company in home country for at least 1 year.
  • Petition filed with U.S. CIS and upon approval, employee applies for L-1 visa at U.S. Consulate in home country.
e 1 treaty trader e 2 treaty investor
E-1-Treaty Trader/E-2 - Treaty Investor
  • Treaty between U.S. and alien’s country of nationality.
  • Position must be at supervisory, management, or executive level.
  • Intend to depart U.S. at end of status; No provision for immigrant intent.
  • For E-1: “Substantial” trade between U.S. and alien’s country of nationality.
  • Status obtained at U.S. Consulate in Treaty Country; COS or Extension if/once in the U.S.
sources of additional information
Sources of Additional Information
  • U.S. CIS Web
  • Listings of Multi-nationals (published by the Beacon Council)
  • Directory of American Firms Operating in Foreign Countries
  • Local Chambers of Commerce
  • American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA)
  • Home Country/Foreign Embassies or Consulates
Presentation by: Ivette Duarte Assistant DirectorCareer ServicesDr. Ana Sippin, Director, ISSSRevision: November 2007Design & Application originally designed by:Iliana Martin