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Job Search Tips for International Students. Due to federal regulations and employer concerns, job searching can be challenging for international students wishing to work in the United States.

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Due to federal regulations and employer concerns, job searching can be challenging for international students wishing to work in the United States.
  • As a result, international students must become familiar with the American job search process and current government policies.
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This PowerPoint will provide international students with helpful tips for understanding the American job search process.
key terminology
Key Terminology
  • F-1 visas
    • Eligible international students have the opportunity to work full-time in the United States for 12 months after graduation.
  • H-1B visa
    • Employer-sponsored international employees are allowed to work in the United States for 1-6 years.
reasons why employers hesitate
Reasons Why Employers Hesitate
  • Some employers interested in hiring international students may have some hesitancies.
  • These hesitancies are often fueled by the reasons listed below.
  • Employers:
    • Are unfamiliar with the process and find it to be complicated.
    • Fear that international employees will leave and return to their countries of origin.
    • Are worried that international employees do not have the desired/necessary communication skills.
    • Are afraid that they are taking jobs away from other Americans.
process for hiring international students
Process for Hiring International Students
  • Additionally, employers interested in hiring international students must:
    • Sponsor an employee to receive his/her H-1B visa
    • Petition the government for the visa
    • Gain approval from the Labor Department
    • Obtain the necessary legal council
    • Fund the process
process for hiring international students7
Process for Hiring International Students
  • As a result, international students should develop an understanding of the additional responsibilities imposed on employers when it comes to hiring international students.
  • International students must also understand the American job search process.
resume
Resume
  • Resume writing may differ from country to country.
  • In order to be successful and to ensure that your resume receives the attention it deserves, you should be familiar with the typical U.S. resume format.
resume10
Resume
  • When writing a U.S. resume:
    • Make sure it is concise (one to two pages maximum)
    • Clearly identify skills and accomplishments using a bullet format
    • Do not include personal information such as marital status, race, gender and/or religion
    • Make sure it is error free and follows American writing standards
    • Provide a frame of reference (i.e., “One of the top five universities in Europe,” “Swedish version of Outback”).
    • Emphasize English skills

For more information, read “Resume Writing Made Easy” found at: http://www.mcdaniel.edu/5740.htm

interview
Interview
  • Additionally, there may be differences in the way U.S. and non-U.S. companies interview candidates.
  • Again, it is essential for one to adapt in order to be considered a serious candidate when interviewing for a job.
interview12
Interview
  • When interviewing with a U.S. company be sure to:
    • Be punctual. Arrive at a minimum of 10 minutes early. Being late is not acceptable and may eliminate one from the candidate pool.
    • Articulate accomplishments, skills and competencies, and relate them to the position.
    • Make eye contact with everyone.
    • Show initiative by researching the company and asking well-developed questions.

For more information, read “Successful Interviewing Strategies” found at: http://www.mcdaniel.edu/5740.htm

h 1b visas employers and interviews
H-1B Visas, Employers and Interviews
  • Because some employers may be reluctant to sponsor H-1B visas, it is important to approach the topic carefully with potential employers.
  • The H-1B visa sponsorship should not be one of the first topics addressed during a meeting or interview.
  • Instead, a candidate must first prove to an employer that he/she is the best person for the job.
h 1b visas employers and interviews14
H-1B Visas, Employers and Interviews
  • The topic of H-1B visas should be addressed only:
    • after an offer is made
    • an offer is close to being made
    • the employer brings it up
  • Once H-1B visas has been mentioned, the candidate should be ready to explain and highlight the simplicity of the sponsorship process.
identify potential employers
Identify Potential Employers
  • When looking for jobs, consider:
    • International companies
      • They often desire individuals with languages skills, respect for diversity, and a knowledge of overseas economies.
    • Companies that have previously sponsored H-1B visas
      • They are familiar with and have successfully completed the hiring process before.
    • Medium and small companies
      • Although they are not large companies, they often have openings for international students and should not be discounted.
network
Network
  • Only 20% of jobs are advertised. The other 80% of jobs make up the “hidden job market.”
  • Individuals learn about job opportunities within the “hidden job market” via networking.
  • When creating and expanding a network, be sure to include friends, family, classmates, faculty, advisors, community members, alumni, etc.

For more information on networking, read “Networking From Scratch” found at: http://www.mcdaniel.edu/5740.htm

gain experience
Gain Experience
  • One of the best ways for students to gain experience is by completing an internship.
  • In addition to helping one gain experience and add substance to a resume, it is not uncommon for internships to lead to full-time employment opportunities.
  • Often Optional Practical Training (OPT) counts as an internship. International students should be up-to-date on all policies and regulations. (For information on applying for OPT, visit: www.mcdaniel.edu/internationalstudents.)
focus on specific careers
Focus on Specific Careers
  • There are some employers that are in great need of hiring qualified employees to fill job vacancies.
  • As a result, it may be beneficial for international students looking to work in the United States to have majors in certain areas of need.
  • Frequent sponsors of H-1B visas are
    • Systems Analysis and Programming
    • Electrical/Electronics Engineering
    • College and University Education
    • Accountants and Related Occupations
helpful web pages
Helpful Web Pages
  • www.h1visajobs.com
    • Contains information about organizations that sponsor H-1B visas.
  • www.internationalstudent.com
    • Contains information helpful to multiple aspects of being an international student.
  • www.monster.com/geo/siteselection.asp
    • Similar to Monster.com, but contains job postings for multiple countries.
  • www.overseasjobs.com
    • International jobs database
  • www.mcdaniel.edu/internationalstudents
    • McDaniel College’s International Programs Office
videos in the career resource library
Videos in the Career Resource Library
  • The Job Search for International Students
  • How Do You Put It On Paper? Portfolios, Resumes & Job Apps
  • What’s in a Job Interview? Job Interview Tips & Techniques
  • Where are the Jobs? Finding Job Leads and Openings
  • Successful Interviewing
  • Job Fair 411
for more help
For more help
  • Contact Career Services
    • Via the “Talk to a Career Counselor” link on our website
    • Or call 410-871-3305