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Learning Objectives vs. Learning Goals. Difference between Objectives and Goals Importance of Learning Objectives Writing quality Learning Objectives. Brandy Close, M. Ed. Office of Educational Development. Learning Objectives: what we already know.

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learning objectives vs learning goals
Learning Objectives vs. Learning Goals

Difference between Objectives and Goals

Importance of Learning Objectives

Writing quality Learning Objectives

Brandy Close, M. Ed.

Office of Educational Development

slide2

Learning Objectives: what we already know

  • Learning involves students acquiring new skills and knowledge
  • Objectives provide an aim or direction for the learning

ALearning Objectivedescribes a direction for a student acquiring the new skills or knowledge

slide3

Learning Objectives vs. Learning Goals

  • As a result of attending this session, you will be able to:
    • Differentiate a learning goal from a learning objective
    • Identify the components of a learning objective
    • Recognize the purpose for writing learning objectives
    • Create well-constructed learning objectives
slide4

What is a Learning Objective?

A Learning Objective is a clearly written, specific statement of

observable student behaviors that can be measured and contributes

to reaching the learning goals.

  • Example:
  • At the conclusion of the CPS small group session, students will be able to:
  • Explain the pathophysiological symptom, diagnosis, and treatment of a
  • patient with asthma
slide5

Why are Learning Objectives Important?

  • Providing students with Learning Objectives:
    • Describes what you value and expect them to be able to do (content selection)
    • Specifiesyour desired outcomes that will be measured (instructional strategy)
    • Assesses the student’s performance as well as the course
    • instruction (evaluation connection)
slide6

The Difference: Goal, Instructional Objective, Learning Objective?

GOAL: broad statement of learning outcomes

The Clinical Problem Solving course is designed to help first year students develop effective skills in symptom recognition and differential diagnosis.

Instructional Objective: specific statement of teacher-centered performance

In the CPS small group sessions, the first year student will be asked to analyze and discuss a case, the evidence of symptoms, and provide a diagnosis.

Learning Objective: specific statement of student-centered performance

Given a set of clinical data, the first year student in CPS small groups will be utilize a hypothesis to compose research questions.

slide7

What is the difference between a Learning Objective and a Goal?

A Goal is a broad statement of expected learning outcome of a course

The Clinical Problem Solving course is designed to help first year students develop effective skills in symptom recognition and differential diagnosis.

A Learning Objective is a specific statement of observable student behaviors that can be measured and contributes to achieving the goal.

Given a set of clinical data, the first year student in CPS small groups will be able to state a hypothesis and compose research questions.

slide8

A Goal has multiple Learning Objectives

Learning Objectives

At the end of the small group session, students will be able to:

GOAL

The Clinical Problem Solving course is designed to help first year students develop effective skills in symptom recognition and differential diagnosis.

  • analyze a case
  • evaluate historical data to determine a differential diagnosis
  • write a report with a differential diagnosis and evidence to support it
  • interpret lab results to confirm diagnosis
  • apply knowledge acquired through analysis to determine treatment options
slide9

Writing Your Course Goal

A Goal is a broad statement of expected learning outcome of a course.

Name of your course: ______________________________________________

Your goal should start with: “The purpose of this course is…” or “The aim of this course is…”

At the conclusion of this course, what overall knowledge or skills will the student have gained?

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

Write the goal of your course:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

slide10

How to Write a Learning Objective

  • Focus on student behavior- identify the concept you want the students to learn and how they will perform or demonstrate their understanding
  • Identify the level of knowledge (Bloom’s Taxonomy) at which you expect students to preform- align with how a assessment method
  • Choose an action verb that is measureable and observable to describe the student behavior
  • Indicate the condition under which the action will be observed- ex: given a certain environment…
slide11

The Format of a Learning Objective

The Stem: “By the end of this course students will be able to: ”

The Statement: bulleted statements beginning with an action verb followed by content

Example:

  • By the end of this course students will be able to:
  • Differentiate a goal from a learning objective
  • Recognize the reasons for writing a learning objective
  • Identify components of a learning objective
slide12

Writing Your Learning Objectives

A Learning Objectiveis a specific statement of student-centered performance.

Complete this statement for your course with one learned behavior:

By the end of this course, the student will be able to:

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Make a list of three learned behaviors they need to accomplish the above learned behavior:

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

slide13

How to Write Learning Objectives

Follow the ABCD model:

Audience- describes the targeted students (students in the course)

Behavior- provides an action verb with content (What will they do?- Verbs such as “know & understand” do not describe a performance)-Bloom’s Taxonomy

Condition- defines the requirements needed to perform the task (What do they need in order to perform the objective?-materials, class setting-small groups, clinical site, etc.)

Degree- gives the criteria fro assessing performance (How well will they need to perform the behavior)

slide14

How are Learning Objectives Linked to Assessment?

Assessment measures the learning objective

slide15

Summary

  • Writing learning objectives allows the instructor to select the content, develop the instructional strategy, assess the student performance, and evaluate the instruction.
  • A Learning Objective is a clearly written, specific statement of
  • observable student behaviors that can be measured and contributes
  • to reaching the learning goals.
  • Learning objectives combine action verbs with content to describe a desired student behavior
  • The ABCD formula for writing learning objectives provides an easy model to follow for effective learning objectives