Early Periods of Literature. The Classical Period (1200 BCE- 455 CE) The Medieval Period (455 CE- 1485 CE) The Renaissance and Reformation (c. 1485-1660 CE). Later Periods of Literature. The Enlightenment (Neoclassical) Period (c. 1660-1790) Romantic Period (c. 1790-1830)
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Neoclassical refers to the increased influence of Classical literature upon these centuries.
Called the “Enlightenment” due to the increased reverence for logic and disdain for superstition.
Marked by the rise of Deism, intellectual backlash against Puritanism.
English writers include: John Dryden, John Locke, Addison, Steele, Swift, Alexander Pope, Robert Burns, Thomas Gray, and Crabbe.
Other European writers are represented by Jean Racine, Moliere, and Voltaire.
Later in the period, colonial and revolutionary writers like Ben Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and Thomas Paine emerge.
Romantic poets were drawn to the natural world
Wrote about nature, imagination, and individuality in England.
Romantics include Coleridge, Blake, Keats, Shelley, and Goethe.
In America, this period is mirrored in the Transcendental Period from about 1830-1850.
Writers include Emerson and Thoreau.
Gothic writings (c. 1790-1890) overlap the Romantic and Victorian periods.
In Europe, writers include Radcliffe, Monk Lewis, and Bram Stoker. In America, Gothic writers include Poe and Hawthorne.
12th Grade English