Humeâ€™s Moral Sentimentalism. July 10, 2012. REASON â€œgets the facts straightâ€ while SENTIMENT makes the moral judgment. Reason vs. Sentiment. Subtle Distinctions. The Basic Human Sentiment is composed of two aspects: Sympathy Benevolence
July 10, 2012
REASON “gets the facts straight” while SENTIMENT makes the moral judgment.Reason vs. Sentiment
(Enquiry, Section 5)
The human countenance, says HORACE, borrows smiles or tears from the human countenance.” (Enquiry V.2.18)
The moral egoist presupposes that one’s moral sentiment is under their control, but it is not.
Our sympathy with others is natural: “How delicate is our sympathy!” (Enquiry V.2.37)Basic Human Sentiment vs. Moral Egoism
The intercourse of sentiments, therefore, in society and conversation, makes us form some general unalterable standard.” (EnquiryV.2.42)
When a man denominates another his enemy, his rival, his antagonist, his adversary, he is understood to speak the language of self-love, and to express sentiments, peculiar to himself, and arising from his particular circumstances and situation. But when he bestows on any man the epithets of vicious or odious or depraved, he then speaks another language, and expresses sentiments, in which, he expects, all his audience are to concur with him.” (Enquiry IX.1.6)Basic Human Sentiment as Universal
What praise is implied by the simple epithet useful!” (Enquiry II.2.13)
Things and/or states of affairs are valuable insofar as they are esteemed useful.The Epithet “Useful”
Something is INTRINSICALLY GOOD if it always esteemed with approbation (love/pride).
A person is VIRTUOUS if one’s character is one that is held in good esteem (love/pride).
An action is FORBIDDEN if, upon correctly judging that such an action happened, one feels disapprobation (hate/shame).