Reconstruction 1865-1877. Rebuilding Southern states and gluing the north and south back together . Three major Issues. Who should be in charge: the President or Congress?
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Rebuilding Southern states and gluing the north and south back together
Who should be in charge: the President or Congress?
How should Southern states that had left the Union and become Confederate be treated? What requirements should be given to them?
What to do with freed blacks. What laws should be made? Should the Constitution be changed?
If you want your precious South back in the Union, then each has to accept the 13th Amendment: slaves are FREE
Amnesty = pardon for offenses and welcome back to the Union
Seriously, Abe? 10 percent??
Some Republicans in Congress (Radical Republicans) thought Lincoln’s plan was too lenient.
Johnson stepped into office after Lincoln was killed. At first, his plan seemed great:
Under Johnson’s plan, most Southern states ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, and it became law in December 1865.
These actions greatly angered Congress. Although Johnson was proud of his plan, Congress refused to seat the Confederate leaders and was getting ready to take over.
I am a racist Democrat who uses state rights as a way to mask my prejudice. I was opposed to slavery because it benefitted the rich (and I hate the wealthy), not because I sympathized with the black race.
He really did.
Some nerve, that Johnson.
Johnson believed that since the war was over, there was no more need for the Freedmen’s Bureau. He also believed that citizenship to blacks should be left to the states.
I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again. I’m not prepared to lift a finger for those Freedmen, darn it!
Congress takes over Reconstruction and immediately divides the south (except Tennessee, who had ratified the 14th) into five military districts under the control of a Union general with federal troops at his command.
Congress also decides: