Current Trends in English Pronunciation Teaching Websites NadègeNeta Northern Arizona University
Introduction • Introduction • Current trends • Trend #1: Explicit illustration of sound production • Trend #2: Minimal pairs • 3 websites and their classroom applications • What’s missing? • Create supplementary material!
Your personal experience • Do you know any ESL/EFL pronunciation website? • How have you used them in your classroom?
Current Trends • See synthesis table Trend #1: Explicit illustrations of sound production Trend #2: Minimal pair drilling exercises
Trend 1: Explicit illustration of sound production • Images from Rachel’s English
Trend 1: Explicit illustration of sound production • Video clip from Rachel’s English
Trend 1: Explicit illustration of sound production Beneficial if: • focuses on jaws and lips • shows tongue movement • includes manner & place of articulation (Celce-Murcia et. Al, 2010)
Trend 2: Minimal pair exercises • sheeporship.com: http://www.shiporsheep.com/page1.html • manythings.org http://www.manythings.org/mp/m30.html
Trend 2: Minimal pair exercises In all the websites! • Popular: learners respond to their perceived needs (Derwing & Rossiter, 2002) • But, do not take into account functional load & intelligibility principle (Levis & Cortes, 2008) • Not contextualized (Celce Murcia et al., 2010)
What’s missing? • Balance between segmentals & suprasegmentals • Segmentals: individual sounds • Suprasegmentals: intonation, pitch, linking, stress • Feedback (Neri, CucciariniStrik, & Boves, 2002) input output feedback
A quick look at 3 websites • Rachel’s English http://www.rachelsenglish.com/ • LiveMocha http://livemocha.com/ • Pronuncian http://pronuncian.com/
Rachel’s English: Applications • Assign specific sound lessons • Practice: Imitation exercises • Pronunciation lessons in context
Live Mocha: Applications • Follow your students’ progress • Create a community of learners • Connect with other languages & cultures • Learners help each other
Pronuncian: Applications • Assign specific sound lessons • Resource to create lessons • Listen to free Podcasts (+ transcript)
Develop supplementary material • http://www.xtranormal.com/watch/13758009/az-tesol-presentation • Personalized material • Focus on specific features • Feedback possible • Contextualized pronunciation • Communicative setting • Use a movie-making website in your classroom!
Xtranormal Tutorial • Tutorial: xtranormal_tutorial_screencast.wmv
Uses in the language classroom: • Record lectures: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xH31hbUyLMY&feature=related • Simulate social encounters • Recreate historical scenes: http://www.xtranormal.com/historic_figurez • Interview famous people: http://www.xtranormal.com/futbol • Lead political debates: http://www.xtranormal.com/fmprez_showpak • Direct a fiction movie
Endless opportunities Develop creativity • Work on pragmatics • Work on accuracy Record your lectures • Work on writing skills Pair Task Individual Task • Work on fluency
My experience with Xtranormal • NAU Program in Intensive English • Level 1 students (beginners) • 1 class session • Free: basic version • Handouts