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RuralStruc Program. Launching Workshop Agricultural trajectory of Senegal: Generalities Dr Mb è ne Di è ye FAYE Mbour 11-13 April 2006. Presentation Plan. Structural characteristics of the Senegalese agricultural sector Evolution of the agricultural policy What we know Challenges.

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RuralStruc Program


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    1. RuralStruc Program Launching Workshop Agricultural trajectory of Senegal: Generalities Dr Mbène Dièye FAYE Mbour 11-13 April 2006

    2. Presentation Plan • Structural characteristics of the Senegalese agricultural sector • Evolution of the agricultural policy • What we know • Challenges

    3. Structural characteristics of the Senegalese agricultural sector • Portion of the GDP: 10% • Average size of exploitations: 3.29 ha • Average size of households: 10 people • Form of land acquisition: inheritance 85% • Average annual income by exploitation: $709 or 584€ (agricultural income, transfers, small communities)

    4. Main cultures

    5. Evolution agricultural population

    6. Exports of agricultural products

    7. Agricultural Imports

    8. Evolution of agricultural policies:Four main periods • 1960-80: Agricultural Program • 1981-84: Program of Structural Adjustment • 1985-1994: New Agricultural Policy • 1995-2005: Programs and Letters of the Declaration of Agricultural Policy

    9. Evolution of agricultural policies:Decentralization and local actors • Four Communes from the colonial period • Creation of the rural community in 1972 • Creation of a new entity in 1996: the region • Frame of conception of the regional development, the rural community being the frame of execution • This creation is accompanied by a transfer of nine areas of competency distributed among the regions, the communes and the rural communities

    10. Evolution of agricultural policies:Chronicle of a progressive liberalization • Industrial tomato commodity chain: 1988-1995 • Cereal commodity chain: 1995-1996 • Cotton commodity chain: 1998-2004 • Peanut commodity chain: 1995-2005

    11. What we know • Enhanced participation of elected local officials in the management of the affairs of their lands • Rural communities are given the moral personality and financial autonomy • Organizations of producers raise as partners of the State

    12. What we know • The reshaping of the agricultural services • The professionalization of the commodity chains • GIE, Associations, Unions • The role of the CNCR (National Council on Rural Cooperation and Consultation). • Emergence of inter-profession • CIRIZ and CICL for cereals • CNCFTI for the industrial tomato • CNIA for peanuts • FAFA and UNAFA for the avian commodity chain

    13. Challenges • Modernization of agriculture • Dilemma agro business/family agriculture • Globalization and competitiveness • Management of the peanut commodity chain • Pastoral and agricultural land • Poultry imports/development of the commodity chain • Implementation of LOASP (Law of Agricultural Orientation)