Rad 435 practical Review . Manal alOsaimi. Contents . Ba Swallow ( Esophagogram ). Ba Meal. Ba Follow through. Ba Enema. Gall Bladder & Biliary Ducts. Sialography . Hysterosalpingography . Urography procedure. Marks . Total Practical Fluoro = 20 Marks. Ba Swallow.
( Cardiac Orifice)
1- fundus: upper portion of the stomach.
When the stomach is empty
The internal lining is thrown into numerous longitudinal folds called RUGAE
1- cardiac orifice (esophagogastric junction): opening between the esophagus and the stomach.
2-cardiac notch: superior to the cardiac orifice.
4-pyloric valve or sphincter: distal opening of the stomach.
5- lesser curvature: medial border of the stomach, extends between the cardiac and pyloric openings.
6-greater curvature: lateral border of the stomach, four or five times longer than the lesser curvature.
Esophagogastric junction (cardia orifice)
Pylorus of stomach
Duodenal bulb of the duodenum
Descending portion of the duodenum
Body of stomach
Greater curvature of stomach
Fundus of stomach
Air in fundus
Parts of S.I:
Duodenum: 1st,shortest,widest and most fixed.
Jejunum: 2/5 and feathery appearance.
Ileum: 3/5, longest, smooth no feathery appearance, and joins large intestine at ileocecal valve
E: area of ileocecal valve
PA 30 mins
1.Ba Meal Follow through
2.Ba Follow through
To distend the bowel and provide double contrast
Methylcellulose, shows the mucosal details as it adheres to the walls and distends the bowel.
It propel the barium from intestine
It evacuate barium from the large intestine.
pt’s nose→esophagus→stomach→duodenum and into the jejunum. (RAO position is preferred ? )
To help pass the tube from stomach →duodenum by gastric peristalsis.
Preliminary Film to:
Complete obstruction, Perforation
LT LAT Decubitus
RT LAT Decubitus
Splenic flexure descending colon appear open
Hepatic flexure ascending colon and rectosigmoid region appear open
Performed during surgery, usually During a Cholecystectomy (wherein the surgeon removes the GB).
If the surgeon suspects that residual stones are located in the biliary ducts
Lt hepatic duct
Rt hepatic duct
Common hepatic duct
Common bile duct
radiographic examination of the salivary ducts.
A = RTfallopian tube.
B = Uterine cavity .
C = LT fallopian tube.
D = Catheter.
Is a Non Functional radiographic examination of the urinary bladder after injection of CM via urethral catheter
A retrograde cystogram is a radiographic study of the bladder, made after a direct injection of a radiopaque contrast material by means of a urethral catheter
Is a Functional radiographic examination of the urinary bladder and urethra to evaluate the patient’s ability to urinate.
micturatingcystourethrogram (MCUG), is a technique for watching a person's urethra and urinary bladder while the person urinates (voids).