Jervis: Hypotheses on Misperception. H1: decision-makers tend to fit incoming information into their existing theories and images H1a: theory will have greater impact on actor’s interpretation of data a) the greater the ambiguity of the data, and
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H2: scholars and decision-makers are apt to err by being too wedded to the established view and too closed to new information, as opposed to being too willing to alter their theories
H3: actors can more easily assimilate into their established image of another actor information contradicting that image if the information is transmitted and considered bit by bit than if it comes all at once
H10: because a state gets most of its information about the other state’s policies from the other’s foreign office, it tends to take the foreign office’s position for the stand of the other government as a whole
H11: actors tend to overestimate the degree to which others are acting in response to what they themselves do when others behave in accordance with the actor’s desires; but when the behavior of the other is undesired, it is usually seen as derived from internal forces