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Law Chapter 1 Midterm Review. By: Marshall Higley and Alex Felt. The power to decide a case is termed. Fiat The long arm of the law Sanction Jurisdiction. D. Jurisdiction. Governing rules and regulations passed by a city council or county government are referred to as. Statutes

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law chapter 1 midterm review

Law Chapter 1 Midterm Review

By: Marshall Higley and Alex Felt

the power to decide a case is termed
The power to decide a case is termed

Fiat

The long arm of the law

Sanction

Jurisdiction

D. Jurisdiction

governing rules and regulations passed by a city council or county government are referred to as
Governing rules and regulations passed by a city council or county government are referred to as

Statutes

Ordinances

Case law

Promulgations

B. Ordinances

slide4

In order to provide stability to a legal system, courts use prior as a guide for deciding similar new cases. These prior cases are known as

Precedents

Equity

Jurisdiction

Statutes

A. Precedents

at what level are laws created in the united states
At what level are laws created in the United States

Federal Government

State Government

Local Government

All of These

D. All of these

slide6
The division of powers between people and their governments protecting U.S. citizens from government actions is set forth in the

U.S. Constitution

Bill of Rights

First ten amendments

Both b and c

D. Both b and c

slide7
The document that sets forth the framework of a government and its relationship to the people it governs is

the Bill of Rights

An ordinance

A constitution

The Uniform Commercial Code

C. A constitution

if a state constitution and the u s constitution conflict which prevails
If a state constitution and the U.S. Constitution conflict, which prevails

The U.S. Constitution

The state constitution

Neither prevails- the matter is referred to Congress

Neither prevails- the matter is referred to the President

A. The U.S. Constitution

which of these is based on the current standards or customs of the people
Which of these is based on the current standards or customs of the people

civil law

positive law

codes

common law

D. common law

slide10
Which state has its legal system based on the Roman civil law format of organized, comprehensive sets of statutes in code form?

Missouri

California

Florida

Louisiana

D. Louisiana

an open peaceful violation of a law to protest its alleged or supposed injustice is referred to as
An open, peaceful violation of a law to protest its alleged, or supposed, injustice is referred to as

Political protest

Civil riot

Civil disobedience

Ethical posturing

C. Civil Disobedience

laws made by administrative agencies are often called
Laws made by administrative agencies are often called

Ordinances

Rules and regulations

Standards

Guidelines

B. Rules and regulations

which of these terms describing using prior cases as a guide for deciding similar new cases
Which of these terms describing using prior cases as a guide for deciding similar new cases?

Injunction

Code

Precedent

Jurisdiction

C. Precedent

the subject area of business law would include which of the following topics
The subject area of business law would include which of the following topics?

Commercial torts

Contracts

Criminal conspiracies to fix prices

All of the above

D. All of the above

slide15

Meryle Ann’s mother recently died and, unfortunately, did not leave any type of will for her estate. In order to properly divide her mother’s estate among her and her brothers, Meryle Ann will hire a lawyer to handle this case. In which specialty area should she seek to find a lawyer?

Criminal law

Statutory law

Civil law

Case Law

C. Civil Law

slide16
When a law is invalid because it conflicts with either the federal or state’s constitution, it is said to be_____

Answer: Unconstitutional

law chapter 2 midterm review

Law Chapter 2 Midterm Review

By: Kayla Moore & Giuseppe Scavone

slide18
When the Constitution was declared effective and binding on March 4, 1789, only ___ states had ratified it.
  • 7
  • 9
  • 11
  • 13
  • C) 11
slide19
The U.S. constitution provided persons may not be deprived of the following without due process of law:
  • Life, liberty, or property.
  • Food clothing, and shelter.
  • Health, happiness, and prosperity.
  • Life, liberty, or the pursuit of happiness
  • D) Life, liberty, or the pursuit of happiness
the american declaration of independence
The American declaration of independence
  • Denounced royal rule and “divine right of kings” throughout the world.
  • Called for a strong central government of the American colonies, to be based in Washington, D.C.
  • Stated that all men are endowed by their creator with the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
  • All of these
  • B) Called for a strong central government of the American colonies, to be based in Washington, D.C.
under the constitution the federal government is a
Under the constitution the federal government is a
  • Republic, representative democracy
  • Two-political party balance of interest and power
  • Democracy, tainted by special interests
  • Pure democracy
  • D) Pure democracy
if convicted under due process of law criminal may be deprived of
If convicted under due process of law, criminal, may be deprived of
  • Liberty, by imprisonment.
  • Property, by fine or order to make restitution.
  • Life, by execution.
  • All, or combination of these.
  • C) Life, by execution.
slide23

Which of the following federal agencies is charged with the responsibilities of eliminating discrimination based on race, religion, sex, color, national origin and age and disability in the work place.

  • Interstate Commerce Commission.
  • Federal Trade Commission.
  • Equal employment operation committee.
  • None of these
  • D) None of these
under the constitution members of congress are elected on the basis of
Under the constitution, members of congress are elected on the basis of
  • Population of the state
  • Existence of the state
  • Selection by all the citizens in national elections
  • Both a(for representatives) and b(for senators)
  • D) Both a(for representatives) and b(for senators)
slide25
The declaration of independence was adopted in July 4th 1776 by delegates of the 13 original colonies meeting in Philadelphia.
  • True
  • False
  • True
a regulation made by a federal agency does not have the same effect as a law made by congress
A regulation made by a federal agency does not have the same effect as a law made by congress.
  • True
  • False
  • True
slide27

The fourteenth amendment applied to all state governments the restrictions that had previously limited only the powers of the federal government.

  • True
  • False
  • True
slide28

Even though political parties are very important in the selection of candidates for federal offices, they are not mentioned in the constitution.

  • True
  • False
  • False
slide29

Almost universal access by anyone with a computer to the information contained on the internet was facilitated primarily through a program developed in the spare time of Tim Berners-Lee.

  • True
  • False
  • True
slide30
The decentralization of the internet makes it nearly impossible to exercise legal control over it and what goes on within it.
  • True
  • False
  • True
the right of privacy is not specifically mentioned in the constitution or the bill of rights
The right of privacy is not specifically mentioned in the constitution or the bill of rights.
  • True
  • False
  • False
chapter 3

Chapter 3

By: Abby and Vanessa

true and false
True and False
  • In the state court system, sheriffs or their deputies have the duty to summon witnesses, keep order in court, and take steps to carry out judgments.
  • True
slide37

“Justice” is the proper title for judges sitting on state supreme courts as well as for the judges sitting on the US Supreme court

  • True
multiple choice
Multiple Choice
  • An appellate court bases its decisions primarily on?
  • Transcripts of the trial and appellate briefs
slide41

Municipal courts are usually divided into

  • Criminal and Traffic divisions
completion
Completion
  • Benton has just been appointed to her state supreme court. Her official title will be __________ Benton.
  • Justice
slide45

The trial court in a particular case will apply the appropriate law to the facts to reach a(n) _______

  • Verdict
slide46

When an appellate court overturns the decision of a lower court, the lower court’s decision is said to have been _______

  • Reversed
slide48

Attorneys generally are not required to resolve the civil litigations in __________ court.

  • Small claims
law chapter 4

Law Chapter 4

United States vs. Basic Construction Company

Cheyanna Roberts

12-6-12

slide50

The Background

  • This appeal came from a conviction from the violation of section 1 of the Sherman Act, 15 U.S.C. § 1. The defendants, Basic Construction Co., Henry S. Branscome, Inc., and Henry Branscome, were charged with conspiring in April of 1978 to rig a bidding for state road paving contracts.
  • 2 lowered level ,angers rigged bids by giving competitors the prices that basic would bid for work
slide51

The Basics

  • Basic's principal contention is that the district court gave erroneous jury instructions regarding the criminal liability of a corporation for acts of its employees. With regard to corporate liability, the court instructed the jury as follows:
  • legally bound by the acts or statements of its agents done or made within the scope of their employment, and within their apparent authority, acts done within the scope of employment and acts done on behalf of or to the benefit of a corporation, and directly related to the performance of the type duties the employee has general authority to perform.
  • The act of an agent is within the scope of his employment or within the scope of his apparent authority, the corporation is held legally responsible for it. This is true even though the agent's acts may be unlawful, and contrary to the corporations [sic] actual instructions.
slide52

The Courts Thought

  • The Courts opinion is that “the corporation can be responsible for the action of its agents done or made within the scope of their authority, even though the conduct of the agents may be contrary to the corporation's actual instructions, or contrary to the corporation's stated position”. “But, However, the instructions and policies, if any be shown, may be considered by you in determining whether the agents, in fact, were acting to benefit the corporation”.
slide53

Evidence

  • The basics introduced evidence which would have tended that it had a longstanding, well known, and strictly enforced policy against bid rigging.
  • Also that bid rigging activities were charged and was perpetrated by two relatively minor officials and were done without the knowledge of high level corporate officers.
  • Basic argues that, in light of this evidence, the district court should have instructed the jury that it could consider the evidence of Basic's antitrust compliance policy in deciding whether the company had the requisite intent to violate the Sherman Act.
the decision

All the evidence of the court finds them guilty of the crime. Also finds them to be criminally liable

The Decision
chapter 5

Chapter 5

Angelica Frantz &

Amber Morgan

what is not an element of most torts
What is not an element of most torts?
  • A) Causation
  • B) Conspiracy
  • C) Injury
  • D) Duty

The answer is B) Conspiracy

a threat with an apparent ability to do immediate injury is referred to as an
A threat with an apparent ability to do immediate injury is referred to as an _______.
  • Fill in the blank

An Assault

what are the three main elements of a compensatory damage award
What are the three main elements of a compensatory damage award?
  • Last wages, medical bills, and pain and suffering
slide63

When a civil judgment for the plaintiff becomes final, the defendant normally pays the judgment. If the defendant does not pay, what may the plaintiff obtain to enforce the judgment?

Writ of execution

slide64

Under specific circumstances some individuals are immune from liability for defamation of character even if the statements were made with malice. Which individual or circumstance is not immune from liability?

Legislator during a political campaign

slide65
What’s the summary oral statements made at the conclusion of a litigation by the attorneys for the parties?

The Closing Arguments

slide68

If a coach leaves him coaching contract to go to a different university because of there is a bigger salary the new university may be liable for the tort of __________.

Interference of contractual relations

if you catch someone throwing trash onto your property you may sue for to your land
If you catch someone throwing trash onto your property you may sue for ________ to your land.

Trespass

chapter 6 review
Chapter 6 Review

Hailey Chacona

Kendra Michael

true and false1
True and False
  • A failure to respond at all to an offer can be constructed as an acceptance.
  • False
  • If a person finds and returns a watch for which a reward if offered, but does not know of the reward offer, the person is still entitled to the reward
  • False
multiple choice1
Multiple Choice
  • which of the following is not one of the major requirements for a contract?

A. Offer and accommodation

C capacity

B. Genuine Assent

D. Consideration

multiple choice2
Multiple Choice
  • An unaccepted offer may be terminated by
  • Counter Offer
  • A reasonable length of time
  • Rejection of the offeree
  • All of theses
multiple choice3
Multiple Choice
  • A contract in which performance alone is acceptance is terminated a(n)
  • Unilateral Contract
  • Bilateral Contract
  • Multilateral Contract
  • None of these
multiple choice4
Multiple Choice
  • When the price is not specified in contracts between merchants for the sale of goods,
  • The current market price is used
  • The highest market price is used
  • The lowest market price is used
  • The contract is null and void
multiple choice5
Multiple choice
  • Advertisements in news papers, radio, television, and direct mailings are considered to be
  • Valid offers
  • Contracts
  • Invitations to negotiate
  • None of the above
multiple choice6
Multiple Choice
  • The uniform Commercial Code makes firm offers binding for stated period of time in the offer, but not to exceed
  • Thirty days
  • Three months
  • Six months
  • One year
multiple choice7
Multiple Choice
  • The withdrawal of an offer before it is accepted is known as a(n)
  • Revocation
  • Rejection
  • Counter offer
  • Termination
multiple choice8
Multiple choice
  • Generally when nothing is said in the offer about how long it will remain open it when end after
  • A reasonable length of time
  • the offeror revokes it
  • The offeree rejects it
  • None of the above
multiple choice9
Multiple Choice
  • If an offeree alters a term in the original offer and sends it back to the original offeror, the result is an
  • Option
  • Counter Offer
  • Contract
  • None of the above
fill in the blanks
Fill in the blanks
  • To be legally enforceable as a contract, the agreement must involve both sides receiving something of legal value as a result of the transaction. This something of value is labeled _______________.

Consideration

fill in the blanks1
Fill in the blanks
  • Individuals who regularly deal in the goods, or tangible personal property, being bough or sold are labeled _____________.
  • Merchants
fill in the blanks2
Fill in the Blanks
  • After an offer is rejected, unless renewed by the original , the offeree can no longer accept the original offer.
  • Offeror
fill in the blanks3
Fill in the blanks
  • When the specific subject matter of an offer is destroyed before the offer can be accepted, the offer is automatically___________.
  • Terminated.
a contract that lacks genuine assent is voidable true or false
A Contract that Lacks genuine assent Is voidable? (True or false)
  • The answer to this question is true.
    • It is true because you need the genuine assent between two parties which would be mutual true and complete agreement between them.
committing an act of violence to get a signature is duress true or false
Committing an act of violence to get a signature is duress?(True or False)
  • The answer to this Question is True
    • The definition of Duress is using the threat or an act of violence (assault) to obtain a signature or anything of Legal Value.
is wrongful domination undue influence true or false
Is wrongful domination undue influence?(True or false)
  • The Answer is True
    • Undue influence is being in a position of trust (Doctor, Mechanic, Police Officer etc.) and wrongfully dominating a person. (An example would be a doctor telling you lying and telling that you have to buy a medication.)
you will not be bound to a contract that you have not read even if you signed it true or false
You will not be bound to a contract that you have not read even if you signed it?(True or False)
  • The answer is false.
    • So long as you genuinely sign the contract you will be bound to it even if you have not read it, because you had genuine assent.
active concealment leaves a contract valid true or false
Active concealment leaves a contract valid?(True or False)
  • The answer is False.
    • It is false because the person committing active concealment is considered to be committing fraud as well, and fraud renders a contract void.
a contract is only ratified if made orally or in writing true or false
A contract is only ratified if made orally or in writing?(True or False)
  • The answer is False
    • The answer is false because contracts are only enforceable if in writing and are made with genuine assent.
what is genuine assent
What is Genuine assent?
  • True and complete agreement by both parties. Duress, Undue Influence, and Fraud would render a contract void with genuine assent.
what is legal duress
What is Legal Duress?
  • Threats of violent actions or suiting for ridiculous reasons.
what happens when both parties are mistaken about a contract
What Happens when both parties are mistaken about a contract?
  • It is considered a Bilateral or mutual mistake of contract and therefore, the contract may be voidable.
what are remedies to an injured party in a case of fraud
What are remedies to an injured party in a case of fraud?
  • Rescission, compensatory damages and punitive damages are all available.
what is an example of a statement that if untrue could lead to a misrepresentation lawsuit
What is an example of a statement that if untrue could lead to a misrepresentation lawsuit?
  • The engine only has 20,000 miles on it.
  • The tires were replaced last month
  • The foundation on the house has never needed repair
what are punitive damages
What are punitive damages?
  • Punitive damages are meant to punish a guilty party for an offense.
what is reasonable reliance
What is reasonable reliance?
  • It is reasonably relying on a person/party to provide a service or good.
what is a unilateral mistake
What is a unilateral mistake?
  • A unilateral mistake is when you are mistaken/ignorant about the content/accords in a contract and you agreed to it.