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Enlightened Despots

Enlightened Despots

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Enlightened Despots

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  1. Enlightened Despots

  2. Effects of the Enlightenment • England • Civil war and establishment of a limited monarchy • Anger in the colonies because they are treated differently than "mother England" • France • No immediate change but seething discontent that will lead to revolution • Other countries • Attempts to adopt Enlightenment principles

  3. Enlightened Despots • Frederick II of Prussia (r. 1740-1786) • Rebelled against father • Later developed finest army • Built Sans Souci (Potsdam) • Invited Voltaire to the court

  4. Enlightened Despots • Catherine the Great of Russia (r. 1762-1796) • German born wife of Czar Peter III • Controlled government after Peter III’s accidental(?) death • Increased European culture in Russia • Peasant Reforms • Territorial Expansion • Corresponded with Diderot

  5. Enlightened Despots • Gustav III of Sweden (r. 1771-1792) • Forced Parliament to accept new constitution • Stimulated literature • Charles III of Spain (r. 1759-1788) • Bourbon family • Improved life for Spanish • Suppressed Jesuits

  6. Maria Theresa and Joseph II of Austria(r. 1740-1780) • 16 children • Built Schönbrunn • Economic reforms • Limited power of the Pope • Reduced power of the lords • Joseph abolished serfdom • Poland divided

  7. Focused on improving country Economic reform Sought advise Reluctant to change Economic disasters Dictated Enlightened Despots vs. Absolute Rulers

  8. Thank You