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Verbs, Verbs, Verbs. Action Verbs Linking Verbs Transitive/Intransitive Verbs. Verbs ‘I Cans’ and Essential Questions. ‘I Cans’ Use verbs (perfect tenses, transitive and intransitive, and linking verbs) in my writing. Explain why a writer chooses a particular verb(s) in their writing.

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Verbs verbs verbs

Verbs, Verbs, Verbs

Action Verbs

Linking Verbs

Transitive/Intransitive Verbs


Verbs i cans and essential questions
Verbs‘I Cans’ and Essential Questions

  • ‘I Cans’

  • Use verbs (perfect tenses, transitive and intransitive, and linking verbs) in my writing.

  • Explain why a writer chooses a particular verb(s) in their writing.

  • Identify different types of verbs when given the opportunity.

  • Essential Questions

  • Why is it important to understand proper verb usage in my (and other’s) writing?

  • How am I going to incorporate what I’ve learned about verbs in my writing to effectively communicate my ideas?


Two types of verbs
Two Types of verbs

  • Action

  • Linking And then we go from there...

  • There are ONLY twotypes of verbs on the planet. They are:


Verbs verbs verbs

All real verbs are either action or linking. There are other “verby” things (auxiliary and helping verbs,), but they are not true verbs. We will discuss these later.



Action verbs1
Action Verbs

  • express either mental or physical activity

  • The dogs barked all day.

  • He thought about the day.


Action verbs2
Action Verbs

  • may be transitive or intransitive

  • more on these later!



Linking verbs1
Linking Verbs

  • express a state of being

  • connect (or link) the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject

    My teacher is eccentric!


Linking verbs2
Linking Verbs

  • Never have objects

  • Are ALWAYSintransitive

  • More on this later…


Action or linking verb
Action or Linking Verb?

  • John looked tired.

  • John looked through the binoculars.

  • John looked tired.

  • John looked through the binoculars.

#1 Identify the verb.

#2 Action or state of being?

#3 Action=action verb & state of being = linking verb


Action or linking verb1
Action or Linking Verb?

  • Remain in your seats until the end of class.

  • Remain calm.

  • Remain in your seats until the end of class.

  • Remain calm.

#1 Identify the verb.

#2 Action or state of being?

#3 Action=action verb & state of being = linking verb


Handy tip for linking verbs
Handy Tip for Linking Verbs

  • Linking verbs are like the equal signs of language. (=)

  • Any verb that can be replaced with is, am, are, be, become, or becomes to create a sentence with nearly the same meaning is a linking verb.


Action or linking verb your turn
Action or Linking Verb? Your Turn!

  • Any verb that can be replaced with is, am, are, be, become, or becomes to create a sentence with nearly the same meaning is a linking verb.

  • The sky looks blue.

  • I walked home.

  • Our teacher seemed eccentric.


Auxiliary helping verbs

WARNING: Auxiliary verbs do not function as verbs. They HELP the main verb.

Auxiliary/Helping “Verbs”

“auxiliary” just means “helping”


Auxiliary helping verbs1

be the main verb.

am

is

are

was

were

Auxiliary/Helping Verbs

(sing to the tune of “Jingle Bells” for

a handy mnemonic device!)

  • been

  • being

  • has

  • have

  • had

  • do

  • did

  • does

  • can

  • could

  • shall

  • will

  • would

  • should

  • may

  • might

  • must


Auxiliary help ing verbs
Auxiliary/ the main verb.Helping Verbs

  • help the main verb express action or a state of being

  • canspeak

  • maybe

  • has beennamed

  • should have beencaught


Auxiliary verbs verb phrase
Auxiliary Verbs Verb Phrase the main verb.

  • A verb phrase has one main verb and one or more auxiliary verbs

  • Many people in Africa canspeak more than one language.

  • The packages maybe at 401 Maple Street.


Verb phrase math
Verb Phrase “Math” the main verb.

  • auxiliary verb(s) + main verb = verb phrase

  • There may be more than oneauxiliary verb in a verb phrase. There is only onemain verb in a verb phrase. It is always the LAST WORD in the verb phrase. The main verb is either action (speak, named, caught) or linking (be).

  • canspeak

  • maybe

  • has beennamed

  • should have beencaught


Verbs verbs verbs

Auxiliary Verb or Main Verb? the main verb.

The highlighted words can function as main verbs or auxiliary verbs. Can you tell which job each is doing?

  • I am a teacher.

  • I am writing a letter.

  • We are hungry.

  • The girls are playing ball.


Auxiliary verb or main verb your turn
Auxiliary Verb or Main Verb? Your Turn! the main verb.

  • Make your own examples using each of these words in two ways: 1) as a main verb and 2) as an auxiliary verb in a verb phrase.

  • was

  • does


Handy tip for verb phrases
Handy Tip for Verb Phrases the main verb.

  • Sometimes a verb phrase is interrupted by another part of speech, like an adverb. In a question, the subject often interrupts the verb phrase.

  • Our school hasalwaysheld a victory celebration when our team wins.

  • Didyouhear Jamie Foxx’s speech?


It s all about transfer of action to an object

Transitive and Intransitive the main verb.

It’s all about transfer of action to an object.


Handy tip
Handy Tip the main verb.

  • Since transitive/intransitive verbs deal with whether or not action passes from the subject to an object, always start with labeling the subject and verb in the sentence.


Transitive verbs
Transitive Verbs the main verb.

  • express an action directed toward a person, a place, a thing, or an idea (nouns)

  • The action passes from the doer (the subject) to the receiver of the action.

  • The words that receive the action of transitive verbs directobjects  always nouns

  • Transitive verbs can only be action verbs. Linking verbs are NEVER transitive.


Transitive verbs examples
Transitive Verbs: Examples the main verb.

  • Derrick greeted the visitors.

    • Derrick greeted whom? The action (greeted) passes from the subject (Derrick) to the object (visitors).

  • When will Felicia paint her room?

    • Felicia will paint what? The action (will paint) passes from the subject (Felicia) to the object (room).


Intransitive verbs
Intransitive Verbs the main verb.

  • Express action or tell something about the subject without the action passing to a receiver, or object

  • Intransitive verbs may be either action or linking verbs.


Intransitive verbs examples
Intransitive Verbs: Examples the main verb.

  • The train stopped.

    • The train stopped what? There is nothing in the sentence to say what the train stopped (i.e., there is no object). There is no transfer of action.

  • Last night we ate on the patio.

    • We ate what? There is nothing in the sentence to say what we ate (i.e., there is no object). We did not eat some “on the patio.” This is a prepositional phrase telling where we ate, not what. There is no transfer of action.


Transitive or intransitive your turn
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn! the main verb.

1) Label subject & verb. 2) Is the verb action or linking? If linking, it cannot be transitive. If action, go on to step 3. 3) Say, “Subject, verb WHAT?” If there is a noun that receives the action, it is transitive.

  • The children play checkers.

  • The children play quietly.

  • Mr. Lopez is baking bread.

  • Mr. Lopez is baking this afternoon.


Transitive or intransitive your turn1
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn! the main verb.

1.) Label the subjects and verbs in these sentences.

2.)Tell whether the verbs are transitive or intransitive.

  • Melanie ate a baked potato.

  • Hector and Tom are reading.

  • They painted the house.

  • Did you carry his suitcase?

  • My plant grows quickly.