The 101 Ranch C 15 Oklahoma History Stokes
The 101 Ranch Background • George W. Miller started the 101 Ranch in 1879 in the Cherokee Outlet. • The ranch was named after an infamous saloon in Texas. • In 1903 Miller’s three sons took over the 101. • George, Joe, and Zack Miller helped make the ranch the most famous and successful ranch of the early 1900’s.
The 101 was located south of present day Ponca City. The 22 room family home was known as the “White House”. The 101 Ranch
The 101 Ranch eliminated the “middleman” by selling all of their own products at their own stores, shipped by their own trucks. What Oklahoma company is closest to operating that way today? 101 and Braum’s
The 101 Ranch Wild West Show • The 101 Ranch Wild West Show made the ranch famous around the world.
101 Ranch Wild West Show Pawnee Bill and Zack Miller
Cowboys of the 101 Many cowboys from the ranch became famous in the entertainment industry.
101 Cowboys Tom Mix, Yakima Canutt, Bill Pickett became the most famous of the 101 cowboys in movies and the wild west show.
101 Ranch Influence • Marion Morrison was taught how to act like a cowboy by Yakima Canutt from the 101. He became known as John Wayne…
The End of the 101 Ranch • The 101 Ranch was a victim of the Great Depression and family tragedies. Everything was auctioned off, removed and torn down during the 1930’s. All of the land was sold by 1943. • Nothing is there today. This memorial is in Ponca City, Oklahoma.
OIL BOOM and BUST in OKLAHOMA C 15 Oklahoma History Stokes
Oil Industry in Oklahoma History • Oklahoma’s first commercial oil well was called the Nellie Johnstone #1. It was located near Bartlesville. • Oklahoma became the number one producer of oil in the U.S. on Nov. 16, 1907. • Aaron Drumright opened the Cushing- Drumright oil field in 1912. It produced 20% of all U.S. oil in 1919 and 3% of world production.
Other Early OK Oil Fields • Okc • Glenn Pool • Three Sands • Seminole • Tonkawa • Burbank
Oil Field Boom Towns • Tulsa • Ponca City • Bartlesville • Drumwright • Earlsboro • Wewoka • Enid
Oklahoma Oil Men • E.W. Marland • Marland Oils • Built most of Ponca City (homes, schools, streets, Marland Mansion, Library, golf course • Later Governor • Lost company in a hostile take over and it became known as Conoco.
Oil Men II • Frank Phillips • Phillips 66 • Bartlesville became headquaters • Started Woolaroc ranch and wildlife preserve. • Recently merged with Conoco.
The Osage Hills • The Osage tribe became some of the wealthiest people in the world in the early 1900’s because of oil discovered in the old Osage Nation (now Osage County) • The average income for an Osage family in 1925 was $60,000. • Oil $ lead to the worst form of grafting… murder.
Oil Boom and Bust • Oil and natural gas has always been part of Oklahoma’s economy. • It has gone through boom times (good prices, good demand, lots of jobs) and always followed with busts (low prices, low demand, high unemployment). • This has cause our state economy to go through the same cycles many times. It has hurt many “boom” towns because many people left. • Today, Oklahoma is much more diversified .
Dust Bowl: The Dirty 30’s • State affected by the Dust Bowl were, Oklahoma, Kansas, New Mexico, Colorado • Only NW Oklahoma was in the worst of the DB • Severe Drought: 1936 and 1937 parts of PH receieved NO rainfall. • Human causes: The Great Plowup and poor conservation practices, • Black Sunday: April 14, 1935 was the worst dust storm in state history. • Okies- thousands moved west on Route 66
The Rest of the Story Like the … • Trail of Tears • Tulsa Race Riot • The OKC Bombing *The Dust Bowl is the story of tragedy followed by Resiliency, Recovery, Rejuvenation and the Determination of OKLAHOMANS.
20th Century Unit Test • Will Rogers • 101 ranch • Oil Industry • Tulsa race Riot • Dust Bowl • 30 items, 1 essay, mc, match,completion, ID • 100 points • Study notes and TRR ws and DB ws