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  2. The Rock Cycle The Rock Cycle Rocks are always changing and moving throughout the different phases of the rock cycle. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  3. Igneous Rocks The Rock Cycle

  4. Igneous Rocks Introduction Lesson Quiz

  5. Igneous Rocks • Igneous Rocks are formed when molten magma becomes solid. • Molten- melted • Magma on the surface of the Earth is called lava • There are two kinds of igneous rocks: • Intrusive Igneous Rocks- magma becomes solid underground. • Extrusive Igneous Rocks-lava cools and becomes a solid on Earth’s surface. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  6. Igneous Rocks • Intrusive Igneous Rocks have large grains and may be various colors. • Examples: granite, gabbro • Extrusive Igneous Rocks have small grains and also, may be various colors. • Examples: basalt, pumice Introduction Lesson Quiz

  7. Sedimentary Rocks The Rock Cycle

  8. Sedimentary Rocks Introduction Lesson Quiz

  9. Sedimentary Rocks • Sedimentary Rocks are layered rocks formed from fragments and broken bits of rock. • These bits of broken rock are a result of weathering and erosion. • The fragments of rock eventually cement and compact together to form a layered rock. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  10. Sedimentary Rocks • The size and texture of sedimentary rocks depend on what kind of fragments make up the rock. • Sedimentary Rocks can be made of sand, gravel, broken seashells, or even just layers of mud. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  11. Metamorphic Rocks The Rock Cycle

  12. Metamorphic Rocks Introduction Lesson Quiz

  13. Metamorphic Rocks • When the sedimentary or igneous rocks are pushed down into the ground, they will be under greater pressure and heat. • This will cause the crystals of the sedimentary rocks to change and become a new kind of rock, called metamorphic rock. • There are two kinds of metamorphic rocks: • Contact Metamorphic Rocks- forms when magma inside the Earth comes up into an already existing rock and “bakes” it. • Regional Metamorphic Rocks- forms when rocks already deep inside the Earth change because of heat and pressure Introduction Lesson Quiz

  14. Metamorphic Rocks • Metamorphic Rocks may be foliated or nonfoliated: • Foliated means that the rocks have recognizable parallel bands. • Example: slate, schist • Nonfoliated means that the rocks do not have these bands; they appear smooth. • Example: quartzite, marble Introduction Lesson Quiz

  15. Are you ready for a quiz? Yes Introduction No. I need to review the material. Lesson Quiz

  16. Quiz • Question #1. Which kinds of rocks are formed from molten lava? Introduction Sedimentary Rocks Lesson Metamorphic Rocks Igneous Rocks Quiz

  17. Quiz • Correct! • Igneous Rocks are formed from either molten magma inside the Earth, or molten lava outside the Earth. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  18. Quiz • Question #2. What causes metamorphic rocks to form? Introduction Heat and Weather Lesson Heat and Pressure Quiz Climate and Pressure

  19. Quiz • Correct! • The pressure from rocks above will push the metamorphic rock farther down, where it will be exposed to greater heat. This combination of heat and pressure will cause the crystals in the rock to change and become a new rock: metamorphic rock. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  20. Quiz • Question #3. Bits and pieces of rock form sedimentary rocks? Where do these fragments of rock come from? Introduction The underlying molten magma Lesson Weathering and Erosion Quiz

  21. Quiz • Correct! • Weathering occurs first; wind, water, etc. cause bits and pieces of rock to break off. Then erosion occurs when these fragments are carried away and deposited somewhere else. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  22. Quiz • Question #4. What kind of igneous rocks form underground? Introduction Extrusive Igneous Rocks Lesson Cemented Igneous Rocks Quiz Intrusive Igneous Rocks

  23. Quiz • Correct! • Intrusive Igneous Rocks are formed from molten magma becoming solid underneath the Earth’s surface. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  24. Quiz • Question #5. ___________forms when magma inside the Earth comes up and “bakes” the nearby rocks. Introduction Contact Metamorphism Lesson Regional Metamorphism Quiz Local Metamorphism

  25. Quiz • Correct! • Contact Metamorphism occurs when magma comes up into another rock and bakes the nearby rocks. Introduction Lesson Quiz

  26. Quiz • Question #6. Are rocks always changing and moving throughout the different phases of the rock cycle? Introduction Lesson Yes. No. Quiz

  27. Quiz • Correct! • The Rock Cycle is a never-ending process. For example: • An extrusive igneous rock is exposed to weathering. • A channel of water carries this weather igneous rock down a slope into a lake. • Layers of weathered igneous rock build up in the lake and eventually are cemented together. • Layer after layer forms on top of the igneous rock and it becomes a layered sedimentary rock. • After much time, this sedimentary rock is pushed down into the Earth and becomes exposed to heat. • This heat and pressure cause the grains of the rock to change and become a new kind of rock: metamorphic rock. • This metamorphic rock, over time, continues to be pushed farther into the Earth until it finally melts into magma. • This magma may eventually come in contact with a way “out”, such as a volcano. • The magma flows out of the volcano in the form of lava, becomes solid, and forms and extrusive igneous rock. • And the cycle starts over. Introduction Lesson Quiz The End

  28. OOPS! Try Again! Introduction Question #1 Question #2 Lesson Question #3 Question #4 Quiz Question #5 Question #6

  29. The End • Click for Works Cited

  30. Works Cited Academic Content Standard Grade 6 Earth and Space Sciences -Earth Systems 1. Describe the rock cycle and explain that there are sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic rocks that have distinct properties (e.g., color, texture) and are formed in different ways.