Group # 1 = 1-4Group # 2 = 5-8Group # 3 = 9-12Group # 4 = 13-16Group # 5 = 17- 20Group # 6 = 21- 24Group # 7 = 25- 28Group # 8 = 29- 32
Ch.14 sec. 4 The Plague Reading Activity
Group Work Norms • Be Respectful. • Be Productive. • Be Helpful. • Be Positive.
Step 1 + 2 • Hover: Start at the end of the selection, and quickly skim for (don’t read) and circle words that you don’t know the meaning of. • Talk to your group members and see what words you have in common- see if anyone knows the meaning.
Step 3 • Share out with the class words your table still does not know.
Step 4 • Underline the parts of the passage …
Paragraph #1 • Underline the continents the Plague struck.
Paragraph #1 • Underline the name of this deadly disease.
Paragraph #1 • Underline what fathers and mothers refused to do with their children.
Paragraph #2 • Underline where the Plague began.
Paragraph #2 • Underline the description of buboes.
Paragraph #3 • Underline carrier(s) of the disease.
Paragraph #3 • Underline the fraction of the European population killed by the Plague in Europe
1 The Black Death Strikes • During the 1300s an epidemic struck parts of Asia, North Africa, and Europe. Approximately one-third of the population of Europe died of the deadly disease known as the bubonic plague. Unlike catastrophes that pull communities together, this epidemic was so terrifying that it ripped apart the very fabric of society. Giovanni Boccaccio, an Italian writer of the time, described its effect: • This scourge had implanted so great a terror in the hearts of men and women that brothers abandoned brothers, uncles their nephews, sisters their brothers, and in many cases wives deserted their husbands. But even worse, . . . fathers and mothers refused to nurse and assist their own children. • GIOVANNI BOCCACCIO, The Decameron
2 Origins and Impact of the Plague The plague began in Asia. Traveling trade routes, it infected parts of Asia, the Muslim world, and Europe. In 1347, a fleet of Genoese merchant ships arrived in Sicily carrying bubonic plague, also known as the Black Death. It got the name because of the Painful swellings in the lymph nodes particularly those in the armpits and groin called buboes (BOO•bohz). Other symptoms were purplish or blackish spots on the skin and extremely high fever, chills, delirium, and in most cases, death. The disease swept through Italy. From there it followed trade routes to Spain, France, Germany, England, and other parts of Europe and North Africa.
3 Disease Spreads • Black rats carried fleas that were infested with the disease. Because people did not bathe, almost all had fleas and lice. In addition, medieval people threw their garbage and sewage into the streets. These unsanitary streets became breeding grounds for more rats. The fleas carried by rats leapt from person to person, thus spreading the bubonic plague with incredible speed. The bubonic plague took about four years to reach almost every corner of Europe. Some communities escaped unharmed, but in others, approximately two-thirds to three-quarters of those who caught the disease died. Before the bubonic plague ran its course, it decimated one-third of the European population (almost 25 million Europeans), and many more millions in Asia and North Africa. The plague returned every few years, though it never struck as severely as in the first outbreak. However, the periodic attacks further reduced the population.
Step 5: As a group, put on the paper provided this list of gruesome symptoms into the order that you think a sufferer would have experienced them. a) Internal bleeding b) Arms and legs become sore c) Headaches, chills and a fever d) Death e) Buboes split open, oozing blood and pus f) Buboes form g) Nausea and vomiting
Gruesome symptoms order… c) Headaches, chills and a fever g) Nausea and vomiting b) Arms and legs become sore f) Buboes form e) Buboes split open, oozing blood and pus a) Internal bleeding d) Death
Step 6 • Create a six- comic strip that includes the main idea(s) for each paragraph -- due at the end of the hour (?)