Nigerian Economy: Oil. Rentier State State gains the bulk of its revenue by “renting” or selling a resource to other states. Received payments are “rents.”. Oil Economy. Boom and Bust (similar to Mexico) 1970s=boom in oil revenues Borrow money Finance ambitious projects
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2013 budget=31 billion (8 billion=25% of budget)
What percentage of Nigerians live on a dollar a day?
Aside from the fact that they would have to pay more for gas, what else frustrated the Nigerians about the rise in gas prices?
According to the IMF, who benefits the most from fuel subsidies?
Why do the poor more keenly feel the loss of fuel subsidies than the nonpoor?
with government (some Muslims)
An Urhobo woman bakes krokpo-garri, or tapioca, in the heat of a gas flare in Afiesere. Local people have worked in this way since 1961, when Shell first opened this flow station. Pollutants from the flare cause serious health problems and life expectancy is short. (www.guardian.co.uk)
An oil spill, polluting groundwater and ruining cropland, from a well owned by Shell that had been left abandoned for over 25 years. Badly maintained equipment is the cause of many leaks, but oil operators blame sabotage, saying oil spills are caused for compensation money. (www.guardian.co.uk)
A young girl crosses over pipelines that run directly through the town. A troubled area near Port Harcourt, factional fighting is common in Okrika. (www.guardian.co.uk)
In the village of Kalabilema, Bayelsa, a felled mangrove forest shows the damage of a fire which killed four people in March 2004. The cause of the fire was an old oil spill from leaking pipelines. (www.guardian.co.uk)
Old Bonny Town on Bonnie Island, where the slave trade and palm oil trade previously thrived. Now the town is in poverty while the oil and gas companies continue to grow. (www.guardian.co.uk)
Crude oil spills from a pipeline in Dadabili, Niger state, on April 2, 2011 (www.theatlantic.com)
An aerial view of an oil spill site in the creeks of an Ogoni community in Nigeria's Niger Delta, on July 7, 2010 (www.theatlantic.com)
Oil flows past a sunken boat in a creek near an illegal oil refinery in Ogoniland, outside Port Harcourt, in Nigeria's Delta region, on March 24, 2011 (www.theatlantic.com)
Describe the measures taken by President Jonathan after the Christmas bombings?
How could the Nigerian government’s inability to “control the violence” lead to greater religious tensions?