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Health Team Maternal & Newborn Health. Review of Data Challenges and Opportunities. Background. Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5— reduce maternal mortality by 75%. Lagging progress attracted attention and donors multilateral and bilateral partnership campaigns

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health team maternal newborn health

Health Team

Maternal & Newborn Health

Review of Data Challenges and Opportunities

  • Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5—

reducematernal mortality by 75%

  • Lagging progress attracted attention and donors
    • multilateral and bilateral partnership campaigns
    • Top donors: USAID, World Bank, UNICEF, UNFPA, DFID, CIDA
  • Lacking data, especially at subnational level
major donors
Major Donors

The United States, through USAID, is by far the largest donor, with ~630 projects in 2010

existing data
Existing Data


  • Demographic Health Surveys

Measure DHS, USAID

  • Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS)


  • Census data

nationally managed

  • Maternal Mortality Surveillance Systems

growing efforts, national and donor partners

Typical Relevant Indicators

  • Maternal mortality rates (national)
  • Child mortality rates (admin 2)
  • Reproductive health (admin 2)
  • Contributing factors (admin 2)

- Indicators

2. Maternal mortality Surveillance Systems

- Millenium Development Goal 5

- Monitoring systems:

a. Maternal Mortality Estimates

b. Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal, Newborn and Child Mortality in Africa (CARMMA)

c. Latin American Center for Women and Reproductive Perinatal Health (CLAP)—Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)

d. Countdown to 2015: Maternal, Newborn, and Child Survival

e. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) —Division of Reproductive Health (DRH)

- Data sources: WHO, UNICEF, WB, UNFPA, DHS,

- Partner Organisations: WHO, UNICEF, WB, UNFPA, Planned Parenthood Federation, Partners in Poulation Development Africa

potential for mapping
Potential for Mapping
  • Mapping health facilities, health facility levels, and access to care
  • Mapping maternal/newborn mortality
  • Identifying gaps in care that will allow us to better focus aid projects
  • Informing local policy makers
    • allows better integration of health ministries and community work
  • Allows for the potential of mapping other health topics
mobile health mhealth
Mobile Health (mHealth)

...Significant potential for improving data collection &surveillance, including for maternal and newborn health

mnh mhealth data collection
MNH mHealth Data Collection

____________Data Collectors_____________

TBAs MidwivesCHWsHealth facility workers


Basic mobile phones Java enabled phones

Smart phones PDAs


Vital information Births Death

specific benefits of mobile data collection for mnh
Specific Benefits of Mobile Data Collection for MNH

- More consistent data

- Fill some data gaps

- Support targeted interventions

- Facilitate surveillance of high risk cases

- Birth registry

- Improve CHW communication & info

- Integrate Traditional health workers

potential for real time mapping
Potential for Real Time Mapping
  • GPS location
  • Access to/use of care vs. health outcomes
mobile data collection process
Mobile Data Collection Process
  • Using mobile phones, PDAs, smart phones, etc.
  • Mobile device to central database, where compiled and analyzed in real time

or adult

challenges of mnh mhealth
Technological problems

Cost and sustainability

Challenges of MNH mHealth
  • Data gaps and accuracy
  • Incentives to report