Dear Sir/Madam, This power point presentation on Research proposal will be an excellent resource for students doing - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dear Sir/Madam, This power point presentation on Research proposal will be an excellent resource for students doing
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Dear Sir/Madam, This power point presentation on Research proposal will be an excellent resource for students doing

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  1. Research ProposalbyDr.I.SelvarajB.SC.,M.B.B.S.,M.D.,D.P.H.,D.I.H PGCH&FW(NIHFW, NewDelhi) Indian Railways Medical Service (VRS)Assistant Professor Public Health Consultant Community medicine specialist Health &Family welfare consultant Industrial health consultant Epidemiologist

  2. Dear Sir/Madam, This power point presentation on Research proposal will be an excellent resource for students doing research . My best wishes DR.I.SELVARAJ

  3. Research refers to a search for knowledge • Research means a scientific and systematic search for pertinent information on a specific topic • In fact, research is an art of scientific investigation. • The purpose of research is to discover answers to questions through the application of scientific procedures

  4. Type of Research study • To gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve new insights into it (Exploratory or formulativeresearch studies • To describe accurately the characteristics of a particular individual, situation or a group (Descriptive research studies) • To determine the frequency with which something occurs or with which it is associated with something else (Diagnostic research studies) • To test a hypothesis of a causal relationship between variables (Hypothesis-testing research studies).

  5. Descriptive research includes surveys and fact-finding enquiries. The main characteristic of this method is that the researcher has no control over the variables; he can only report what has happened or what is happening • In analytical research, on the other hand, the researcher has to use facts or information already available, and analyze these to make a critical evaluation of the material. • Applied research aims at finding a solution for an immediate problem facing a society or an industrial/business organisation • “Gathering knowledge for knowledge’s sake is termed ‘pure’ or ‘basic’ research.”

  6. Attitude or opinion research i.e., research designed to find out how people feel or what they think about a particular subject or institution is also qualitative research • Empirical research is data-based research, experimental type of research. Such research is thus characterised by the experimenter’s control over the variables under study and his deliberate manipulation of one of them to study its effects

  7. One-time research or longitudinal research • Field-setting research or laboratory research or • Simulation research • Clinical or diagnostic research • Historical research • Conclusion-oriented • and decision-oriented

  8. RESEARCH PROPOSAL • Any Medical research / Epidemiological study should have a proper proposal in written form before it is actually carried out • It is like a blue print of a building plan before the construction starts

  9. Writing a research proposal is both science and art • A good research proposal is based on scientific facts and on the art of clear communication

  10. Writing a formal research proposal should be started by the time one has decided on the topic for the study

  11. Go to next slide

  12. Objective • Justification • Introduction • Background /Review of literature • Methodology • Time frame and work schedule/Gantt chart • Personnel needed / available • Facilities needed / available • Budget

  13. Objectives • This is a very important and pivotal section and everything else in the study is centered around it • The objective of the proposed study should be stated very clearly • The objective stated should be specific, achievable and measurable • Too many objectives to be avoided • Even just one clearly stated relevant objective for a study would be good enough • If there is more than one objective the objectives can be presented in the appropriate order of importance

  14. Introduction • The problem proposed to be studied is introduced in this section • It should help the reader to acquaint with the topic

  15. Introduction should be short about one or two pages • The problem should be stated in such a way that it’s importance and relevance is realized by any one who reads it

  16. Background(Review of Literature) • This section reflects extensive review of literature done by the investigator • In this section what is already known about the topic is written including the lacunae • Just quoting the literature verbatim will not serve the purpose • It is important to make it coherent, relevant and easily readable knowledge • It helps the investigator to gain good knowledge in that field of inquiry • It also helps the investigator to have insight on different methodologies that could be applied

  17. Research methodology Research methodology is a way to systematically solve the research problem. It may be understood as a science of studying how research is done scientifically

  18. It is necessary for the researcher to know not only the research methods/techniques but also the methodology. • Researchers not only need to know how to develop certain indices or tests and how to calculate the mean, the mode, the median or the standard deviation or chi-square etc.,

  19. It is essential to discuss procedures clearly and completely with considerable amount of details

  20. Study design • Study population / Sampling specifications • Sample size needed • Instrumentation • Specific procedures

  21. Study design Definition: A study design is a specific plan or protocol for conducting the study, which allows the investigator to translate the conceptual hypothesis into an operational one.

  22. The study design should be clearly stated • The study design to be used should be appropriate for achieving the objective of the study

  23. Study population / Sample specifications • It is important to describe which would be the study population • How study subjects would be selected, randomization process and other details should be given

  24. Sample size It is important to mention in the protocol what would be the minimum sample required and how it is arrived

  25. Determination of sample size is a bargain between precision and the price (Resources & expenses involved)

  26. Description of process • Proposal should include the details of all process to be adopted in the study • How exposures, outcome variables and other variables are going to be measured should be described in detail • A brief description of how the data will be processed and use of statistical package if any should be given • What statistical tests of significance would be used?

  27. Time Frame & Work Schedule The proposal should include the sequence of tasks to be performed, the anticipated length of time required for its completion and the personnel required

  28. It can be presented in tabular or graphic form (Gantt chart) • Flow charts and other diagrams are often useful for highlighting the sequencing and interrelationship of different activities in the study

  29. Facilities The proposal should also include the important facilities required / available for the study namely computers, laboratories, special equipment etc

  30. Personnel • Proposal should include who are the primary investigators and co- investigators, their qualifications, research experience etc • The proposal may also include the Major roles to be taken up by different investigators

  31. Budget • The budget translates project activities into monetary terms • It is a statement of how much money will be required to accomplish the various tasks

  32. Budget Major items • Salary for staff • Travel • Purchase of equipment • Printing / Xeroxing • Consultancy charges • Institutional overheads

  33. Acknowledgement 1.Dr.B.W.C.Sathyasekaran, Professor,SRMC&RI(DU) Refence: 1. Basic epidemiology R.Beaglehole,R.Bonita,T.Kjellstrom 2 World health organization.Health research methodology:Aguide for training in researh methods 3.Oxford text book of public health 4.Handout on workshop on epidemiology at SRMC&RI(2006,2007,2008)

  34. Thanking you