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STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT 1. elenihan@ucc.ie. What is Strategic M anagement?. Strategic management can be used to determine: Mission Vision Values Goals Objectives R oles and responsibilities T imelines , etc . . What is Strategic Planning ?. Strategic planning is a management tool

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strategic management 1

STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT 1

elenihan@ucc.ie

what is strategic m anagement
What is Strategic Management?
  • Strategic management can be used to determine:
  • Mission
  • Vision
  • Values
  • Goals
  • Objectives
  • Roles and responsibilities
  • Timelines, etc.
what is strategic planning
What is Strategic Planning?
  • Strategic planning is a management tool
  • It is used to help an organization to focus its energy,
  • To ensure that members of the organization are working toward the same goals
  • To assess and adjust the organization's direction in response to a changing environment
slide4

Strategic planning is a disciplined effort to produce fundamental decisions and actions that shape and guide what an organization:

  • Is
  • What it does
  • Why it does it
  • With a focus on the future
  • (Adapted from Bryson's Strategic Planning in Public and Nonprofit Organizations).
what is strategic planning1
What is Strategic Planning?
  • The process is about planning because it involves intentionally setting goals (i.e., choosing a desired future) and developing an approach to achieving those goals
  • The process is disciplined in that it calls for a certain order and pattern to keep it focused and productive
  • The process raises a sequence of questions that helps planners examine experience, test assumptions, gather and incorporate information about the present, and anticipate the environment in which the organization will be working in the future
the difference between strategic planning and long range planning
The difference between strategic planning and long-range planning
  • Although many use these terms interchangeably, strategic planning and long-range planning differ in their emphasis on the "assumed" environment
  • Long-range planning is generally considered to mean the development of a plan for accomplishing a goal or set of goals over a period of several years, with the assumption that current knowledge about future conditions is sufficiently reliable to ensure the plan's reliability over the duration of its implementation
  • Strategic planning assumes that an organization must be responsive to a dynamic, changing environment (not the more stable environment assumed for long-range planning).
  • Strategic planning stresses the importance of making decisions that will ensure the organization's ability to successfully respond to changes in the environment.
strategic thinking and strategic management
Strategic Thinking and Strategic Management
  • Strategic thinking means asking, "Are we doing the right thing?“
  • It means making that assessment using three key requirements about strategic thinking
  • a definite purpose be in mind
  • an understanding of the environment, particularly of the forces that affect or impede the fulfillment of that purpose
  • creativity in developing effective responses to those forces
  • Strategic management is the application of strategic thinking to the job of leading an organization.
strategic thinking and strategic management1
Strategic Thinking and Strategic Management

Understanding strategic management and continually asking the questions:

Are we doing the right thing?

Are we paying attention to the "big picture“?

Do we possess a willingness to adapt to changing circumstances?

strategic thinking and strategic management2
Strategic Thinking and Strategic Management
  • Three essential elements
  • formulation of the organization's future mission in light of changing external factors such as regulation, competition, technology, and customers
  • development of a competitive strategy to achieve the mission
  • creation of an organizational structure which will deploy resources to successfully carry out its competitive strategy
  • Strategic management is adaptive and keeps an organization relevant. In these dynamic times it is more likely to succeed than the traditional approach of "if it ain't broke, don't fix it."
what is a strategic plan
What is a Strategic Plan?
  • In strategic planning it is critical to formally consider how your organization will accomplish its goals
  • The answer to this question is a strategy
  • A strategy is the answer to the question, "How?“
  • Strategies are simply a set of actions that enable an organization to achieve results
  • Strategy is a way of comparing an organization's strengths with the changing environment in order to get an idea of how best to serve client needs
three different categories of strategies
Three Different Categories of Strategies
  • Organizational outlines the planned avenue for organizational development (e.g., collaborations, earned income, selection of businesses, mergers, etc.).
  • Programmatic addresses how to develop, manage and deliver programs (e.g., market a prenatal care service to disadvantaged expectant mothers by providing information and intake services in welfare offices).
  • Functional articulates how to manage administration and support needs that impact the organization's efficiency and effectiveness (e.g., develop a financial system that provides accurate information using a cash accrual method).
strategic management process
Strategic Management Process
  • The strategic management process means defining the organization’s strategy
  • It is defined as the process by which managers make a choice of a set of strategies for the organization that will enable it to achieve better performance
  • Strategic management is a continuous process that appraises the business and industries in which the organization is involved
  • It appraises it’s competitors; and fixes goals to meet all the present and future competitor’s and then reassesses each strategy
environmental scanning
Environmental Scanning
  • Environmental scanning refers to a process of collecting, scrutinising and providing information for strategic purposes
  • It helps in analysing the internal and external factors influencing an organization
  • After executing the environmental analysis process, management should evaluate it on a continuous basis and strive to improve it
strategy formulation
Strategy Formulation
  • Strategy formulation is the process of deciding best course of action for accomplishing organisational objectives and hence achieving organizational purpose
  • After conducting environment scanning, managers formulate corporate, business and functional strategies
strategy implementation
Strategy Implementation
  • Strategy implementation implies making the strategy work as intended or putting the organization’s chosen strategy into action
  • Strategy implementation includes:
  • designing the organization’s structure
  • distributing resources
  • developing decision making process
  • managing human resources
strategy evaluation
Strategy Evaluation
  • Strategy evaluation is the final step of strategy management process
  • The key strategy evaluation activities are:
  • appraising internal and external factors that are the root of present strategies
  • measuring performance
  • taking remedial / corrective actions
  • Evaluation makes sure that the organisational strategy as well as it’s implementation meets the organisational objectives