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Strategic Management. Strategic Management. The larger vision that guides the activities of managers and other employees in an organization

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strategic management

Strategic Management

Strategic Management

strategic management2
Strategic Management
  • The larger vision that guides the activities of managers and other employees in an organization
  • The set of decisions and actions used to formulate and implement strategies that will provide a competitively superior fit between the organization and its environment so as to achieve organizational goals
  • The process of establishing and sustaining competitive advantage

Strategic Management

competitive advantage
Competitive Advantage
  • What is it?
    • An edge over your rivals
  • Traditional sources
    • Product and process technology
    • Protected and regulated markets
    • Access to financial resources
    • Economies of scale
  • New source
    • People !!!

Strategic Management

levels of strategy
Levels of Strategy
  • Grand strategy
    • Where are we going?
  • Corporate
    • What business are we in?
  • Business-level
    • How do we compete?

Strategic Management

the strategic management process

Analyze

environment

Identify OT

Identify mission

and strategies

Formulate

strategies

Analyze

organization

Identify SW

Feedback

The Strategic Management Process

Implement

strategies

Strategic Management

swot analysis
SWOT Analysis

Strength

Opportunity

Where are we going?

Weakness

Threat

Strategic Management

grand strategies
Grand Strategies
  • Growth
  • Stability
  • Retrenchment

Strategic Management

walmart growth number of stores
WalMart…Growth (Number of Stores)

6,141

24

Strategic Management

paths to growth walmart
Paths to Growth: WalMart
  • Direction of growth
    • New stores in existing markets
    • Enter new markets
    • New product lines
  • Means of growth
    • Greenfield
    • Acquisition

Strategic Management

walmart international expansion and acquisitions
WalMart…International Expansion and Acquisitions

*Bailed out

** Not profitable

Strategic Management

general electric overall stability
General Electric – Overall Stability

Earnings Before Taxes ($M)

Strategic Management

kmart decline
Kmart -- Decline

Strategic Management

global strategy four choices

Note that text combines global and home replication strategies

Global Strategy: Four Choices

Transnational

Strategy

Global

Strategy

High

Cost and efficiency

pressures

Low

Home

Replication

Strategy

Multi domestic

Strategy

Low High

Pressures for local responsiveness

Strategic Management

corporate level strategy
Corporate Level Strategy
  • Strategic business units
  • Diversification
    • Single business
    • Diversified
    • Vertical Integration
    • Conglomerate
  • BCG Matrix

Strategic Management

dell products
PowerEdge servers

PowerVault and Dell | EMC storage products

Services

 PowerConnect switches

OptiPlex desktops

Latitude notebooks

Dell Precision workstations

Inspiron notebooks

Dimension desktops

Dell monitors

Dell printers

Axim handhelds

Software and Peripherals

Dell Products

Single Product

Strategic Management

thyssenkrupp
ThyssenKrupp

Diversified

Strategic Management

slide17
Alcoa at a Glance
  • Alcoa is the world’s leading producer of primary aluminum, fabricated aluminum, and alumina and is active in all major aspects of the industry.
  • Alcoa serves the aerospace, automotive, packaging, building and construction, commercial transportation, and industrial markets, bringing design, engineering, production, and other capabilities of Alcoa’s businesses as a single solution to customers.
  • In addition to aluminum products and components, Alcoa also markets consumer brands including Reynolds Wrap® aluminum foil, Alcoa® wheels, and Baco® household wraps. Among its other businesses are vinyl siding, closures, precision castings, and electrical distribution systems for cars and trucks.

Vertical Integration

Strategic Management

sara lee
Sara Lee

Conglomerate

Headquarters

Household Products

Food and Beverage

Intimates and Underwear

Strategic Management

another conglomerate
Another Conglomerate

Strategic Management

bcg matrix

Problem Children

High

Stars

Market Growth

Market Share

Cash Cows

Dogs

Low

High

Low

BCG Matrix

Strategic Management

what business are we in
What Business Are We In?
  • What are our core competencies?
  • Who are our customers?
  • Economies of scale
  • Economies of scope

Strategic Management

business level strategy
Business-Level Strategy
  • Porter’s Five Forces
  • Generic strategies
  • Value chain

Strategic Management

porter s five forces
Porter’s Five Forces
  • Bargaining power of suppliers
  • Bargaining power of buyers
  • Threat of substitutes
  • Potential new entrants to the market
  • Rivalry among current competitors

Strategic Management

porter s five generic strategies
Porter’s Five Generic Strategies
  • Low-cost leadership
  • Broad differentiation
  • Best-cost provider
  • Focused or market niche / cost
  • Focused or market niche / differentiation

Strategic Management

value chain analysis
Value Chain Analysis
  • How are we creating value for customers?
  • Where can costs be reduced?

Strategic Management

the value chain

Product R &D, Technology, Systems Development

Human Resource Management

General Administration

Support Activities

The Value Chain

Raw

Materials

Operations

Distribution

Sales and

Marketing

Customer

Service

Strategic Management

strategy implementation
Strategy Implementation
  • Leadership
  • Structure and design
  • Information and control systems
  • Human resources

Strategic Management