Elizabethan Education! By: Kelsey Grim
Education begins in the home! • The children must respect there father and mother. • They must ask for there parents blessings. • Must know there table manners. • Children would also be taught their “place” in society which included where they should sit at the table • Elizabethan Girls would be taught obedience to the male members of the family. Their education would then generally diverse from the boys to concentrate on housewifely duties and sometimes music and dance
“The Pretty Schools” also known as the Dame schools! Most elementary schools were conducted for young boys ages 5 – 7.The boy's education would consist of being taught to read and write English and also learn lessons in behavior. These were considered the most important elements of Elizabethan Pretty School.
During the first year of Elizabethan education, aged 7, the curriculum would have consisted of learning parts of speech together with verbs and nouns Grammar Schools Boys age 7 to 10! The second year of Elizabethan education, aged 8, the boys would be taught the rules of grammar and sentence construction Between the ages of 7 and 10 boys would have spent their early childhood being taught by Ushers, a junior master or senior pupil at the Grammar School The Ushers often refused to be bothered with the teaching of handwriting and this element of Elizabethan education was often taught by a temporary travelling scrivener for a few weeks during the school year. The third year of Elizabethan education, aged 9, would have concentrated on English-Latin and Latin-English translations
Religion Education Literature including the works of the great classical authors and dramatists, such as Ovid, Plautus, Horace, Virgil, Cicero and Seneca. Grammar Schools! Latin to English translation Arithmetic Occasionally the study of Greek Ages: 10 - 14 At the end of age 14 the boys would now attend a university
Typical Weeks at Grammar schools! • Tuesday to Thursday- the basic curriculum • Monday - An examination based on the previous Sunday’s sermon • Saturday - study of the catechism and some arithmetic • Friday - Examinations and Punishments
Typical School at Life grammar Elizabethan Life at school was quite strict. During summer the school day started at six o'clock in the morning and finished at five o'clock in the evening. There was a two hour break at midday. Because of the dark nights the hours changed during the winter and school started at seven and finished earlier at four o'clock. The school week consisted of a five full days and a half-day on Thursday which continued for between 40 to 44 weeks of the year. This meant that the school boys spent at least 2,000 hours in school – more than double the current school hours!
University Education: • The University Faculty of the Arts - The Arts would have included Philosophy • The University Faculty of Liberal Arts would have included Grammar, Logic, Music , Astronomy, Arithmetic and Geometry education • The University Faculty of Theology - religious education • The University Faculty of Medicine including the study of Hippocrates, Galen, Arabic and Jewish medical texts • University Faculty of Law
Women & Education! Elizabethan women from wealthy and noble families were sometimes allowed the privilege of an education. The girls of Noble birth were taught by tutors at home and Elizabethan women were taught from the age of five, or even younger. Various languages were taught including Latin, Italian, Greek and French. Music and dancing skills were essential for Elizabethan women. Elizabethan women were not allowed to go to university.
Works cited: • http://www.williamshakespeare.info/elizabethan-women.htm • http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk/elizabethan-education.htm