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The United States Court System. CREATED BY: EMILY WILLIAMS INSTRUCTOR: JACKIE SEXSON PA101-05 11.5.2010. AN OVERVIEW OF FEDERAL AND STATE COURT ORGANIZATION. FEDERAL & STATE COURT. THE GOVERNMENT AND THE PEOPLE. THE FEDERAL COURTS Federal Jurisdiction THE STATE COURTS

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the united states court system
The United States Court System

CREATED BY:

EMILY WILLIAMS

INSTRUCTOR:

JACKIE SEXSON

PA101-05

11.5.2010

AN OVERVIEW OF FEDERAL AND STATE

COURT ORGANIZATION

slide2

FEDERAL & STATE COURT

THE GOVERNMENT AND THE PEOPLE

      • THE FEDERAL COURTS
  • Federal Jurisdiction
      • THE STATE COURTS
  • State Jurisdiction
      • IDAHO STATE COURTS
  • Idaho Jurisdiction
      • Designed To Work Together

The Federal and State Court systems were established by the United States Constitution to be both independent and complimentary of one other; each system possessing it’s own laws and statutes designed to meet the demands of their individual Jurisdictions. The Federal Court Jurisdiction is limited to matters effecting the nation as a whole which cannot or ought not be addressed by a single state. State Jurisdiction is far reaching, encompassing every other legal matter in relation to the people.

slide3

THE FEDERAL COURTS

SUBJECT

MATTER

JURISDICTION:

CASES REGARDING

THE U.S.

CONSTITUTION,

FEDERAL

STATUTES

AND

REGULATIONS,

ADMIRALTY,

MARITIME,

FOREIGN

MATTERS,

AND

DIVERSITY

OF

CITIZENSHIP.

(“Constitution,” n.d.)

  • (“U.S. Court Systems,” n.d.)
slide4

FEDERAL JURISDICTION

  • U.S. SUPREME COURT (Washington, DC)
  • 9 Justices (Presidential life appointment) (“How the Federal,” n.d.).
  • Reviews lower court rulings.
  • Hears Appeals from Administrative Agencies.
  • Hears no evidence or testimony
  • Allows brief oral hearings.
  • Supreme court decisions are final. (Goldman & Cheeseman, 2010, p. 211).

Supreme Court of the Land

Intermediate Appellate Court

Trial Courts

  • U.S. COURT OF APPEALS (13) (“Federal,” n.d.)
  • 12 Regional Circuit Court of Appeals .
  • 1 U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
  • Reviews lower court rulings .
  • Hears no evidence or testimony.
  • Allows brief oral hearings.
  • US DISTRICT COURTS (94) (“Federal,” n.d.
  • One District Court for each state (more based on geographical area).
  • Jury trials. Evidence and testimony are heard.
  • SPECIAL FEDERAL COURTS (Goldman & Cheeseman, 2010, p. 210)
  • Jury trials.
  • Limited jurisdiction, I.e. Administrative Agencies .
slide5

THE STATE COURT

SUBJECT

MATTER JURISDICTION:

“STATE

COURTS

HAVE

JURISDICTION

TO HEAR

CASES

INVOLVING

SUBJECT

MATTERS

THAT

FEREDAL

COURTS

DO NOT HAVE

JURISDICTION

TO HEAR.

THESE

USUALLY

INVOLVE

STATE LAWS.”

(Goldman & Cheeseman, 2010, p,219)

  • (“U.S. Court Systems,” n.d.)
slide6

STATE JURISDICTION

  • STATE SUPREME COURT
  • (Goldman & Cheeseman, 2010, p.208-210)
  • Hears appeals from Intermediate Courts and certain Trial Courts.
  • Hears Appeals from Administrative Agencies.
  • Hears no new evidence or testimony.
  • Allows brief oral hearings .
  • Rulings are final unless U.S. Supreme Court appeal is available.

Highest State Court

Intermediate Appellate Court

Trial Court

General-Jurisdiction

Trial Court

Limited-Jurisdiction

  • COURT OF APPEALS (Goldman & Cheeseman, 2010, p.208-210)
  • Hears appeals from Trial Courts.
  • May review all or part of the Trial Court record (book).
  • Allows brief oral hearings.
  • STATE TRIAL COURTS (Goldman & Cheeseman, 2010, p.208-210)
  • Hears cases that limited-jurisdiction courts do not have jurisdiction over.
  • Jury trial available.
  • Testimony and evidence are recorded and stored (book).
  • INFERIOR TRIAL COURT S(Goldman & Cheeseman, 2010, p.208-210)
  • Hears matters of specialized or limited nature (book).
slide7

IDAHO STATE COURTS

My home state of Idaho mirrors the federal court system,

with three basic levels. The Trial courts, the intermediate court of appeals and the High Courts (“Idaho’s Judicial Structure,” 2008).

“THE IDAHO STATE

COURT

IS MADE UP OF

THREE LEVELS:

THE TRIAL COURT,

CALLED THE

“DISTRIC COURTS,”

(WHICH INCLUDE

THE

MAGISTRATE

DIVISION);

THE COURT

OF APPEALS,

AND THE

HIGHEST COURT

IN THE STATE-

THE SUPREME

COURT.”

(ISB, n.d.)

slide8

IDAHO JURISDICTION

  • SUPREME COURT (5 JUSTICES)
  • Assigns cases to the Court of Appeals
  • Mandatory Jurisdiction in civil, capital criminal, Administrative Agency, juvenile, disciplinary, and original proceeding cases.
  • Discretionary jurisdiction in civil, noncapital criminal, Administrative Agency, juvenile, certified questions from Federal Courts, original proceeding, and interlocutory decision cases.

(“Idaho,” 2007)

Highest State Court

Intermediate

Appellate Court

Trial Court

General-Jurisdiction

Trial Court

Limited-Jurisdiction

(“Guide,” 2010)

  • COURT OF APPEALS (3 JUDGES)
  • Mandatory jurisdiction in civil, noncapital criminal, juvenile, original proceeding cases assigned by the Supreme Court.
  • No discretionary Jurisdiction.

(“Idaho,” 2007)

(“Idaho,” 2007)

  • DISTRICT COURT (40 JUDGES)
  • 7 Districts, jury trials.
  • Exclusive felony and criminal appeals. Misdemeanors.
  • Tort, contract, real property rights, probate/estate, mental health, misc. civil.
  • Domestic relations, and juveniles.

(“Idaho,” 2007)

  • MAGISTRATE DIVISION (85 FULL-TIME JUDGES)
  • Tort, contract, real property rights ($0-$10,000), small Claims (up to $5,000), probate/estate, mental health, misc. civil.
  • Domestic relations, and Juveniles.
  • Preliminary hearings, misdemeanors. Exclusive traffic/other violations.
slide9

DESIGNED TO WORK TOGETHER

  • “The powers delegated … to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite…” (Hamilton, Madison, & Jay, 2006, p. 292-293)
  • “The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the congress may from time to time ordain and establish.” (“Constitution,” n.d.)
  • “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people..” (“Constitution,” n.d.)
  • Two court systems; each with it’s own Jurisdiction, SUCESSFULLY coexisting.

THE

JUDICIAL

SYSTEM

IS,

“ASSIGNED

THE

TASK

OF

ACTING

AS

GUARDIAN

OF THE

CONSTITUTION

AND THE

INTERPRETATION

OF IT’S

PRINCIPLES…”

(Skousen, 2006, P. 25)

works cited
Works Cited

Constitution of the United States (n.d.). Retrieved from The Charters of Freedom “A New World is at Hand” website: http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/constitution.html

Federal Courts Structure (n. d.). Retrieved from Unites States Courts website: http://www.uscourts.gov/FederalCourts/UnderstandingtheFederalCourts/FederalCourtsStru...

Goldman T. & Cheeseman H. (2010). The Paralegal Professional 2010. Retrieved from Kaplan University website: http://kucourses.com/ec/crs/default.learn?CourseID=4564823&Survey=1&47=7518711&ClientNodeID=404344&coursenav=2&bhcp=1

Guide to Idaho Courts, The (2010). Retrieved from Online Searches, LLC website: http://www.courtreference.com/Idaho-COurts.htm

Hamilton, A., Madison, J., & Jay, J. (2006).The Federalist. New York, NY: Barnes & Noble Books.

How the Federal Courts are Organized (n.d.). Retrieved from Federal Judicial Center website: http://www.fjc.gov/federal/courts.nsf/page/181?opendocument

Idaho (2007). Retrieved from National Center for State Courts website: http://www.ncsconline.org/D_Research/Ct_Struct/state_inc.asp?STATE=ID

Idaho’s Judicial Structure (2008). Retrieved from Idaho State Judiciary website: http://www.isc.idaho.gov/mguide/judicial_structure.html

Idaho State Bar: Idaho Court System, (n.d.). Retrieved from Idaho State Bar website: http://isb.idaho.gov/general/court_system.html

Skousen, W. C. (2006). The 5, 000 Year Leap: A Miracle That Changed the World. National Center for Constitutional Studies.

U.S. Court Systems (n.d.) {computer graphics}. Retrieved from Kaplan University website: http://kucourses.com/ec/crs/default.learn?CourseID=4564823&Survey=1&47=7518711&ClientNodeID=404344&coursenav=2&bhcp=1