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THE UNITED STATES COURT SYSTEM. Texas Court of Appeals. United States Court Structure. Left Side. Right Side. U. S. Supreme Court. Texas Court of Criminal Appeals. Texas Supreme Court. U. S. Circuit Courts. District Court. U. S. District Courts. City & County Courts.

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

THE UNITED STATES

COURT SYSTEM

texas court of appeals
Texas Court of Appeals

United States Court Structure

Left Side

Right Side

U. S. Supreme Court

Texas Court of Criminal Appeals

Texas Supreme Court

U. S. Circuit Courts

District Court

U. S. District Courts

City & County Courts

federal judge qualifications
FEDERAL JUDGE QUALIFICATIONS

APPOINTED BY THE PRESIDENT

CONFIRMED BY THE SENATE

NO FORMAL QUALIFICATIONS

“shall hold office during good behavior”

MAY BE IMPEACHED

LIFE TIME APPOINTMENT

slide7
JURISDICTION: power of the court to hear case

ORIGINAL : hear the case first or trial court

APPELLATE : hear case after first time

PETIT JURIES: 6 instead of 12 jurors

BENCH TRIAL: judge only no jurors

u s district courts
U.S. District Courts

CREATED IN 1789 BY AN ACT OF CONGRESS

Not mentioned in the Constitution.

ORIGINAL JURISDICTION OR TRIAL COURT - 99% OF CASES HEARD

APPELLATE JURISDICTION

FEDERAL TRIAL COURTS

1 – 27 JUDGES PER COURT DEPENDING ON THE DOCKET LOAD

95% OF THE CASES END HERE

USE PETIT JURIES

LOCAL FEDERAL DISTRICT COURTS

SHERMAN, TYLER, AND PLANO FOR THE BANKRUPTCY COURT

circuit courts u s courts of appeal
Circuit CourtsU.S. Courts of Appeal

APPELLATE JURISDICTION ONLY

12 CIRCUITS

6 – 28 JUDGES PER COURT

CREATED BY CONGRESS IN 1891

NO GUILT OR INNOCENCE ONLY QUESTIONS OF LAW

DECISION OPTIONS:

REVERSE, UPHOLD, SEND BACK FOR A NEW TRIAL

u s supreme court only court mentioned by name in the constitution
U.S. Supreme CourtOnly court mentioned by name in the Constitution.

JURISDICTION:

ORIGINAL: SMALL % OF CASELOAD

AMBASSADORS INVOLVEMENT

PARTIES INCLUDE A STATE

APPELLATE: WRIT OF CERT REQUIRED

99% OF CASELOAD

OVER 7,000 FILED PER YEAR AND ONLY 75 ACTUALLY HEARD BY THE COURT

9 JUSTICES

FINAL AUTHORITY ON THE CONSTITUTION!!!

slide13

THE ROBERTS COURT

JUSTICE

ALITO

JUSTICE

SOTOMAYOR

JUSTICE

BREYER

JUSTICE

GINSBERG

JUSTICE

KENNEDY

JUSTICE

SCALIA

CHIEF JUSTICE

ROBERTS

JUSTICE

STEVENS

JUSTICE

THOMAS

slide14

“rule of four”

Secret Conference

Maintain National Supremacy

Resolve Interstate Conflicts

slide15

State Courts handle all matters not subject to federal jurisdiction. NOTE: All judges are elected in Texas, except municipal judges.

CITY & COUNTY COURTS

CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CASES

CITY:

1. MUNICIPAL

2. TRAFFIC COURT

3. MISDEMEANOR CRIMES

COUNTY:

1. JUSTICES OF THE PEACE

2. PROBATE COURTS (WILLS)

3. JUVENILE COURT

texas courts
TEXAS COURTS

District Courts

ORIGINAL JURISDICTION INVOLVING A TRIAL AND A JURY

JURISDICTION:

1. CRIMINAL CASES

2. CIVIL CASES DEALING WITH MORE THAN $200

3. FAMILY AND JUVENILE COURT

texas court of appeals 14
TEXAS COURT OF APPEALS (14)

APPELLATE JURISDICTION

NO JURY TRIAL OR NEW EVIDENCE

ADDRESSES ANY LEGAL PROBLEMS THAT MIGHT HAVE OCCURRED IN THE JURY TRIAL

texas high courts
TEXAS HIGH COURTS

9 JUSTICES 6 YEAR TERM

TEXAS SUPREME COURT

CIVIL CASES ONLY

TEXAS COURT OF CRIMINAL APPEALS

CRIMINAL CASES

texas supreme court
TEXAS SUPREME COURT

JUSTICE

GREEN

JUSTICE

WAINWRIGHT

JUSTICE

JOHNSON

JUSTICE

WILLETT

JUSTICE

MEDINA

JUSTICE

GUZMAN

CHIEF

JUSTICE

JEFFERSON

JUSTICE

HECHT

JUSTICE

O’NEILL

texas high courts1
TEXAS HIGH COURTS

9 JUSTICES 6 YEAR TERM

TEXAS SUPREME COURT

CIVIL CASES ONLY

TEXAS COURT OF CRIMINAL APPEALS

CRIMINAL CASES

texas court of criminal appeals
TEXAS COURT OF CRIMINAL APPEALS

JUDGE

KEASLER

JUDGE

HOLCOMB

JUDGE

HERVEY

JUDGE

COCHRAN

PRESIDING

JUDGE

KELLER

JUDGE

WOMACK

JUDGE

MEYERS

JUDGE

PRICE

JUDGE

JOHNSON