purpose and well being in adulthood n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Purpose and Well-Being in Adulthood PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Purpose and Well-Being in Adulthood

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

Purpose and Well-Being in Adulthood - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 95 Views
  • Uploaded on

Purpose and Well-Being in Adulthood. Daniel K. Lapsley and Jay Brandenberger University of Notre Dame Anthony Burrow Loyola University-Chicago Jessica Collado and Patrick Hill University of Notre Dame Association for Moral Education, New York, 2007. Two Research Goals.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Purpose and Well-Being in Adulthood' - paxton


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
purpose and well being in adulthood

Purpose and Well-Being in Adulthood

Daniel K. Lapsley and Jay Brandenberger

University of Notre Dame

Anthony Burrow

Loyola University-Chicago

Jessica Collado and Patrick Hill

University of Notre Dame

Association for Moral Education, New York, 2007

two research goals
Two Research Goals

Report evidence on the measurement properties and convergent validity of the Stanford Center of Adolescent “Youth Purpose Scale”

Examine whether the linkage between Purpose and life satisfaction is mediated by agency and pathways of “Hope”

slide3
“A stable and generalized intention to accomplish something that is at once meaningful to the self and is of consequence to the world beyond the self”

--Damon, Menon & Bronk (2004)

slide4
There is an ethical dimension bound up with the desire to live a purposive life

Purpose may be the ground of living well the life that is good for one to live

and point in the direction of classical sources on eudemoniaand what it means to flourish

slide5
Two claims about purpose

crucial for understanding adolescent development

not necessarily related to well-being

struggle to live purposive life not restricted to adolescence

relation to well-being an open empirical question

nd moral purpose study
ND Moral Purpose Study

Survey ND Class of ’94

(purpose, well-being, life-satisfaction, generativity, integrity, ‘hope’)

Aligned with

Service learning experiences

Freshman survey

Senior survey

10-year out survey

participants
Participants

N = 399

Mean age: 35

57% Male

Caucasian/European-American

slide11

YP Searching

YP Identified

slide13

Psychological Well-Being

(C. Ryff, 1989)

Subscales

High scorers…

Purpose in Life

(14-items, α = .91)

Has goals in life and sense of directedness; feels there is meaning to present and past life; holds beliefs that give life purpose; has aims and objectives for living.

Personal Growth

(11-items, α = .88)

Has a feeling of continued development; sees self as growing and expanding; is open to new experiences; has sense of realizing one’s potential; sees improvement in self….

Environmental Mastery

(11-items, α = .87)

Has a sense of mastery and competence in managing environment; controls complex array of external activities; makes effective use of opportunities; chooses or creates contexts suitable to personal needs and values

slide14

Life Satisfaction, Generativity, Integrity

Measure

Items

Description

Satisfaction with Life

(Diener et al., 1985)

5 items,

α = .87

Global appraisal of life-satisfaction drawing upon domains self finds relevant

Loyola Generativity Scale

(D. McAdams)

20 items,

α = .88

Passing on knowledge & skills; making a significant contribution to betterment of community; leaving a legacy; being creative & productive

Integrity Scale

(B. Schlenker, 2006))

18 items,

α = .83

“character strength” that reflects steadfast commitment to ethical principles

yp identified
YP-Identified

r with

Environmental Mastery .593**

Personal Growth .565**

Purpose in Life .810**

Satisfaction with Life .656**

Generativity .660**

Integrity .304**

YP-Searching -.233

yp searching
YP-Searching

r with

Environmental Mastery -.260**

Personal Growth ns

Purpose in Life -.234**

Satisfaction with Life -.226**

Generativity ns

Integrity ns

slide17
Is the relationship between Youth Purpose and Life Satisfaction mediated by “hope”?

Hope Scale

(Snyder et al., 1991. JPSP, 60, 570-585)

slide18
Hope is fueled by:

perception of successful agency with respect to goals

or

sense of successful determination in meeting goals in past, present & future

“agency”

(goal-directed determination)

slide19
Hope is fueled by:

perceived availability of successful pathways related to goals

or

sense of being able to generate successful plans to meet goals

“pathways”

(planning of ways to meet goals)

slide20
The agencyandpathways of hope are

“reciprocal, additive and positively related, although they are not synonymous”

--Snyder et al., 1991)

“Where there is a will there is a way”

(is only partly true)

slide21

Hope Scale

(Snyder et al., 1991)

Subscales

Examples…

Agency

(4-items)

α = .87

I energetically pursue my goals

My past experience has prepared me well for my future

I’ve been pretty successful in life

I meet the goals that I set for myself

Pathways

(4-items)

α = .86

I can think of many ways to get out of a jam

There are lots of ways around any problem

I can think of many ways to get the things in life that are most important to me

Even when others get discouraged, I know I can find a way to solve the problem

slide22

Identified

Purpose

Satisfaction

with Life

β = .66 (.61)

β = .42

β = .36

Hope

Pathways

slide23

Identified

Purpose

Satisfaction

with Life

β = .66 (.47)

β = .67

β = .58

Hope

Agency

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Youth Purpose scale coalesces around two internally consistent factors
    • “Identified” and “Searching”
  • “Identified” Purpose
    • strong convergent validity
    • strong associations with well-being, life-satisfaction and integrity
  • “Searching” Purpose
    • not so much (at least in adulthood)
slide25
“Identified” purpose is robustly related to indices of well-being

but

“Searching” for purpose is not

slide26
But Identified Purpose“ contributes to life satisfaction

only when there is

“hope”

(or the agentic aspect of hope)

slide27
Agentic-Hope mediates the relationship between Identified Purpose and Life Satisfaction

Life satisfaction seems to require both “purpose” and “agency”

slide28
www.nd.edu/~dlapsle1

danlapsley@nd.edu

jbranden@nd.edu