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Ancient Greek Philosophy. Socrates 470 BC – 399 BC Plato 427 BC – 347 BC Aristotle 384 BC – 323 BC. Socrates: 470BC – 399BC. Never wrote, taught orally through dialogue or conversation, via questions Taught publicly, questioned authority

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ancient greek philosophy

Ancient Greek Philosophy

Socrates 470 BC – 399 BC

Plato 427 BC – 347 BC

Aristotle 384 BC – 323 BC

Introduction to Philosophy

socrates 470bc 399bc
Socrates: 470BC – 399BC
  • Never wrote, taught orally through dialogue or conversation, via questions
  • Taught publicly, questioned authority
  • Is known through his student, Plato, who made Socrates the main character of all of his 39 “Dialogues” or books.
  • Died by drinking hemlock, after being jailed for “corrupting youth”, “worshipping false gods”

Introduction to Philosophy

plato 427 bc 347 bc
Plato 427 BC – 347 BC
  • Wrote his dialogues in defiance of the arrest and death of his teacher, Socrates.
  • Socrates is Plato’s mouthpiece.
  • Concerned with justice, virtue, character, the human soul.
  • Founded “The Academy” in Athens, Greece
  • Encouraged students to become their own authority – think for self!

Introduction to Philosophy

plato s philosophy
Plato’s Philosophy
  • The only good life or life worth living is a life reasoned by your own mind, not other’s ideas and opinions-change your life and mind!
  • Examine your life, history, and ideas, once you self examine, then you are ready for knowledge.
  • All knowledge begins in not knowing. To state “I don’t know” is the first step – open to learning.

Introduction to Philosophy

plato s philosophy5
Plato’s Philosophy
  • Everything has a truth or an “essence”, your job is to seek this truth. Life as an adventure and journey, not destination.
  • The good teacher will spark you, lead you to the truth with integrity, reason, imagination
  • Virtue is excellence, or doing your best – reaching your highest potential for good.

Introduction to Philosophy

plato s philosophy6
Plato’s Philosophy
  • All human’s have potential for virtue, goodness, and to shape good character.
  • The potential rests in the human soul (or psyche/mind), everyone born with a soul.
  • Character is what is developed from this soul, and is molded and tested and shaped, a dynamic process.

Introduction to Philosophy

plato s philosophy7
Plato’s Philosophy
  • Plato was the first to unify a system of thought in Western society.
  • We all begin with common sense beliefs, opinions, we are lead further to ideas, and principles.
  • Human life always involves our fellow man and our personal and societal destiny.
  • Philosophy is not specialized nor technical but an way of life, requiring intellectual ability and moral goodness to pursue the good and truth.

Introduction to Philosophy

plato s philosophy8
Plato’s Philosophy
  • Appearances are deceiving; seeming isn’t being.
  • Society is our ultimate teacher, and it may produce errors and evils, as well as wrong values. Previous generation may have been wrong and transmitted bad ideas and practices.

Introduction to Philosophy

plato s philosophy9
Plato’s Philosophy

**Education is the conversion that leads us out of the dark of the cave into the light. This is a type of awakening, once we are enlightened, we recollect, develop knowledge, seek genuine well-being, happiness, and virtue.

“The good man makes you better not worse”

Introduction to Philosophy