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Tobacco & Cancer Tobacco Use And Cancer Tobacco use, the most preventable cause of death in our society, accounts for at least 30\% of all cancer deaths. An estimated 4 5 million adults are current smokers in the United States.

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tobacco use and cancer
Tobacco Use And Cancer
  • Tobacco use, the most preventable cause of death in our society, accounts for at least 30% of all cancer deaths.
  • An estimated 45 million adults are current smokers in the United States.
  • About half of those who continue to smoke will die prematurely from smoking.
  • The best way to avoid getting cancer is to not start using tobacco or to quit using it.

Tobacco & Cancer

strength of evidence
Strength Of Evidence
  • Strong evidence over the years has found a clear cause-and-effect relationship between the use of tobacco and several types of cancer.

Tobacco & Cancer

cancers affected
Cancers Affected
  • Tobacco use is the primary risk factor for lung cancer.
  • Tobacco use is also associated withcancer in other parts of thebody, including:
  • Cervix
  • Mouth
  • Pharynx
  • Larynx
  • Esophagus
  • Pancreas
  • Kidney
  • Bladder

Tobacco & Cancer

risk factors
Risk Factors
  • Smoking
    • Nearly 87% of all lung cancers are caused by smoking.
    • Smokers are 15 times more likely to die of lung cancer than people who have never smoked.
  • Secondhand Smoke

Each year, secondhand smoke causes:

    • About 3,000 lung cancer deaths
    • 35,000 heart disease deaths
    • Respiratory illness and asthma attacks

Tobacco & Cancer

risk factors6
Risk Factors
  • Cigars
    • Many of the same carcinogens found in cigarettes are also found in cigars. Cancers caused by cigar smoking include:

– Lung

– Oral cavity

– Larynx

– Esophagus

– Pancreas (possibly)

  • Snuff
    • Oral cancer occurs several times more frequently among users than non-users.
    • Long-term snuff users may have nearly a 50-fold greater risk of cheek and gum cancers.

Tobacco & Cancer

reducing your risk
Reducing Your Risk
  • Quitting or not using tobacco substantially decreases the risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease.
  • If all adults stopped tobacco use and children did not start, at least 30% of all cancer deaths would be prevented.
  • People who quit, regardless of age, live longer than people who continue to smoke.
  • Smokers who quit before the age of 50 cut their risk of dying in the next 15 years in half.

Tobacco & Cancer

how to quit tobacco use
How To Quit Tobacco Use
  • The most effective strategies for quitting tobacco use involve multiple approaches:
    • Behavioral therapy
    • Nicotine replacement therapy (gum, skin patches, inhaler, or spray)
    • Non-nicotine prescription medication
    • Group therapy
    • Advice from a doctor or other health care provider
    • Combination of therapies

Tobacco & Cancer

youths and tobacco use
Youths And Tobacco Use
  • The prevention of tobacco use among children and youth is equally important, since over 90% of smokers begin to smoke before age 18.
  • If children and youth can be prevented from starting, a substantial portion of tobacco-related health problems can be solved.

Tobacco & Cancer

hope for the future
Hope For The Future
  • Researchers are looking at the role of genetics in tobacco-related cancers and tobacco dependence.
  • Studies are being conducted to determine how cancer risk can be reducedfor smokers who cannotstop.
  • Scientists are studying the potential for detecting lungcancer at its earliest, and most curable, stages.

Tobacco & Cancer

hope for the future11
Hope For The Future
  • Implementing policies that establish smoke-free environments is the most effective approach to prevent exposure and harm from secondhand smoke.
  • Presently in the US, more than 2,650 municipalities have passed smoke-free legislation and 28 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have implemented or enacted statewide smoking bans.

Tobacco & Cancer

the bottom line
The Bottom Line
  • Stopping tobacco use, or not starting, is the single most important action that can be taken to reduce cancer in the United States.
  • If all adults stopped tobacco use and children did not start:
    • Nearly one-third of all cancer deaths would be prevented.
    • Billions of dollars would be saved.
    • Millions of family members and friends would avoid the sickness and premature death of a loved one.

Tobacco & Cancer

contact the american cancer society
Contact The American Cancer Society
  • American Cancer Society programs and services are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
  • To reach us:
    • Visit the American Cancer Society web site at www.cancer.org.
    • Call toll-free, 1–800–ACS–2345.

Tobacco & Cancer

additional resources
Additional Resources

National Cancer InstituteCancer Information Service Telephone: 1–800–4–CANCER (toll free)Internet: www.nci.nih.gov

Alliance for Lung Cancer Advocacy, Support & Education (ALCASE)Telephone: 1–800–298–2436 (toll free) or 360–699–1944Internet: www.alcase.org

American Lung AssociationTelephone: 1–800–586–4872 (toll free) or 212–315–8700Internet: www.lungusa.org

Tobacco & Cancer

additional resources15
Additional Resources
  • American Heart AssociationTelephone: 1–800–AHA-USA1 (toll free)Internet: www.americanheart.org
  • Campaign for Tobacco-Free KidsTelephone: 202–296–5469Internet: www.tobaccofreekids.org
  • Center for Tobacco CessationTelephone: 1-202-585-3200

Tobacco & Cancer

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