SB1 UNIT 8 Reading Olympia is green and lush, amidst groves of trees. Here was the great Sanctuary of Zeus, the Altis, and the setting for the Olympic Games. For over a thousand years, in peace and war, the Greeks assembled here to celebrate this great festival. The simple crown
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Olympia is green and lush, amidst
groves of trees. Here was the great
Sanctuary of Zeus, the Altis, and
the setting for the Olympic Games.
For over a thousand years, in
peace and war, the Greeks
assembled here to celebrate this
great festival. The simple crown
of wild olive was sufficient to
immortalize the victor, his family,
and his city.
Aerial view of
The ancient Olympics were rather
different from the modern Games.
There were fewer events, and only
free men who spoke Greek could
compete, instead of athletes from
any country. Also, the games were
always held at Olympia instead of
moving around to different sites
Like our Olympics, though, winningathletes were heroes who put theirhome towns on the map. One youngAthenian nobleman defended hispolitical reputation by mentioninghow he entered seven chariots in theOlympic chariot-race. This high number of entries made both thearistocrat and Athens look very wealthy and powerful.
The ancient Olympic Games, part ofa major religious festival honoringZeus, the chief Greek god, were thebiggest event in their world. Theywere the scene of political rivalriesbetween people from different partsof the Greek world, and the site ofcontroversies, boasts, public announcements and humiliations.
map of some cities
which sent competitorsto the Olympics in
the 5th century B.C.
ReadingWhere did the Olympic games come from?
One myth says that the guardiansof the infant god Zeus held the first
footrace, or that Zeus himself
started the Games to celebrate his
victory over his father Cronus for
control of the world. Another
tradition states that after the Greek
hero Pelops won a chariot race
against King Oenomaus to marry
Oenomaus's daughter Hippodamia,
he established the Games.
ReadingWhy were they held at Olympia?
Olympia was one of the oldest
religious centers in the ancient Greekworld. Since athletic contests were oneway that the ancient Greeks honored theirgods, it was logical to hold a recurringathletic competition at the site of a majortemple. Also, Olympia is convenientgeographically to reach by ship, whichwas a major concern for the Greeks.Athletes and spectators traveled fromGreek colonies as far away as modern-day Spain, the Black Sea, or Egypt
Temple of Zeus
ReadingWere there other contests like the Olympics?
There were 3 other major gameswhich were held on 2- or 4-yearcycles: the Isthmean Games atCorinth, the Pythian Games atDelphi, and the Nemean Games atNemea. Because it started 200years before the othercompetitions, the Olympicsremained the most famous athleticcontest in the ancient Greek world.
Sites of the four major
ReadingWho could compete in the Olympics?
The Olympics were open to anyfree-born Greek in the world. Therewere separate mens' and boys'divisions for the events. Womenwere not allowed to compete in theGames themselves. However, theycould enter equestrian events asthe owner of a chariot team or anindividual horse, and win victoriesthat way.
ReadingHow were the athletes trained?
Athletics were a key part of education inancient Greece. Many Greeks believedthat developing the body was equallyimportant as improving the mind foroverall health. Also, regular exercise wasimportant in a society where men werealways needed for military service. Plato'sLaws specifically mentions how athleticsimproved military skills. Greek youththerefore worked out in the wrestling-school(palaestra) whether they wereserious Olympic contenders or not.
ReadingWhat prizes did Olympic victors get?
A victor received a crown made fromolive leaves, and was entitled to have astatue of himself set up at Olympia.
Although he did not receive money at the Olympics, the victor was treated muchlike a modern sports celebrity by hishome city. His success increased the fame and reputation of his community in the Greek world. It was common forvictors to receive benefits such as havingall their meals at public expense or front-row seats at the theater and other public festivals. One city even built a privategym for their Olympic wrestling championto exercise in
detail of head
ReadingWho were the Olympic judges?
Judges were drawn from Elis, the local region which included Olympia. The number of judges increased to 10 as more events were added to the Olympics.
Even though the judges were all Eleans, local Elean Greeks were still allowed to compete in the Olympics. The Elean people had such a reputation for fairness that an Elean cheating at the Games was a shock to other Greeks.
ReadingWhat was the penalty for cheating?
Anyone who violated the rules was fined by the judges. The money was used to set up statues of Zeus, the patron god of the Games at Olympia. In addition to using bribes, other offenses included deliberately avoiding the training period at Olympia.
official on right
The latest Olympic Games
The Olympic Games are the biggest meeting in the world.There are _____kinds of Olympic Games.____is the Summer Olympic Games,and the_____ is theWinterOlympics._____of them are_____every_____years.
The old Olympic Games_____around the year 776BC inGreece.At that time there were not___many sports____today.And women were mot allowed to____ ___ ___the games.But now there are many new sports in the Olympics.Just in the Summer Olympics there are more than 250 different sports.And_______are also allowed to join in the games.They even compete_____medals_____men of the games.
Read the text quickly to sum up every paragraph:
The Olympic Games are held every four years.
The ancient Olympic Games
The modern Olympic Games
The Olympic motto
The preparation for the 29th Olympic Games in Beijing
take part in
Everyyears athletesall over the world the Olympic Games.
The old Olympic Games from which the games came began around the yearin Greece. Many of the sports were the same they are now. were not allowed to take part in the games.
After about the yearthe Olympic Games stopped. For . there were no Olympic Games.
The first Olympic Games in modern happened in They were held in Greece — the country in which the games were born. In the 1896 games there were competitors from just countries. After that more and more countries joined in the games. In 2000 over _____ athletes from nearly countries went to Sydney
for the Olympic Games! There are different events in the games.Horse-riding ,hammer throw and shooting are some of the more unusual sports.
In Sydney the Chinese team got gold medals, ranking_____ of all the competing countries.
SB1 UNIT 8
1. Both the Summer and Winter Olympics are held every four years.
2. The modern Olympic Games began around the year 776 BC.
3. In the old times both men and women were allowed to take part in the Olympic Games.
4. The first modern Olympic Games happened in the year 400 AD.
5. The Olympic Games were born in Greece.
6. The 26th Olympics was held in Sydney in Australia
7. In Sydney the Chinese team won 28 medals, ranking third of all the competing countries.
8. Horse-riding is one of the unusual sports in the Olympic Games.
=every fourth year 每四年
( F )
( F )
=join in 参加(活动)
( F )
( T )
( F )
( T )
= and ranked
( T )
Retell the text
The history of the Olympics
men√ Women ×
in Greece, 1896
every + 基数词+名词 / +every +序数词+名词
He comes every four days. He comes every 4th day.
Take a pill every three hours. Take a pill every 3rd hour.
every other, every two, every 2nd.
you only need to water plants every other day.
I visit my parents every other weekend.
B. Every few seconds /ten days. Every直接修饰few.
C. Every second 后接单数可数名词,A错; every two后
接可数复数名词,B错;Every other 后接单数名词,D错
That officer holds the rank of captain.
He is a scholar with rank of full professor.
He wants to be in the top rank of performers.
Teachers usually rank students according to their grades.
He is a student who ranks high in his class.
more than no more than
The museum is more than ten kilometers from here.
China Daily is more than a newspaper. It helps to improve
Mr. Zhang is more than a teacher. He is our best friend.
no more than通常用来表示:
He looked like a professor, but in fact he was no more than
a college student.
There are no more than ten students in the classroom.
There are not more than ten students in the classroom.
--- Would you prefer tea or coffee?
--- I prefer tea.
Prefer to do
I prefer not to think about it.
Prefer doing … to doing prefer +名词… to +名词
意思是”胜过……” “喜欢……, 而不喜欢”
I prefer the town to the country.
I prefer reading to watching TV.
Prefer … rather than
I prefer rice rather than noodles.
I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.