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Animation in Russia. Animation in Japan.

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  1. Animation in Russia.Animation in Japan. Yuri Norstein Ivan Inanov-Vano Feodor Khitrouk Renzo Kinoshita Yoji Kuri Kihachiro Kawamoto Osamu Tezuka Hayao Miyazaki Yoichiro Kawaguchi

  2. Ivan Ivanov-Vano (1900-1987) Soviet animator and director, sometimes called the "Patriarch of Soviet animation" laureate of numerous festivals • 1900 born in Moscow • 1923 graduated from Vkhutemas • 1929 began working at the State Film Technicum • 1939 was teaching at VGIK(he was granted the title of professor in 1952) • 1962 member of the board of directors of ASIFA

  3. Ivan Ivanov-Vano (1900-1987) • 1927 Ice Rink • 1927 Sen'ka the African • 1928 The Adventures of Munchhausen • 1932 Black and White - with L.A.Amalriko • 1934 The Tale of the Czar Durondai with V.C. and Z.C.Brumberg • 1935 The Dragonfly and the Ant with V.C. and Z.C.Brumberg • 1937 Kotofey Kotofeyich • 1938 Journal of Political Satire 1 • 1938 The Three Musketeers • 1939-1954 Moidodyr • 1944 Stolen Sun • 1945 Winter Tale • 1949 Geese-Swans with A.G.Snezhko-Blotska • 1970 The Battle of Kerzhenets a collaboration with Yuriy Norshteyn • 1976 The Humpbacked Horse - remake of 1947 film • 1984 The Tale of Tsar Sultan - based on a tale by Pushkin

  4. Ivan Ivanov-Vano (1900-1987)

  5. Yuri Norstein b.1941 • 1941 born in Andreyevka, Penza, USSR widely regarded as one of the most innovative animators of all time • 1943 during WWII family were evacuated to Moscow studied at art school, worked in a furniture factory before embarking on a two-year course attached to the state animation studio Soyuzmultfilm

  6. Yuri Norstein b.1941 1961 started work as an animator in Soyuzmultfilm met his future wife and creative partner, Francesca Yarbusova, with whom he collaborated on many of his films.worked as an animation artist on some 50 films • 1967 his first film 25th, the First Day Through this project I discovered that animation is plastic time. This influenced all my subsequent work and I learned another lesson from this film: never make a concession if it goes against your conscience'. 1971 The Battle of Kerzhenets in collaboration with Ivan Ivanov-Vano. 1973 The Fox and the Hare 1974 Heron and Crane based on a Russian fairytale

  7. Yuri Norstein b.1941 • 1975 Hedgehog in the Fog

  8. Yuri Norstein b.1941 • 1975 Hedgehog in the Fog

  9. Yuri Norstein b.1941 • 1975 Hedgehog in the Fog

  10. Yuri Norstein b.1941 • 1979 Tale of Tales widely regarded as Norstein's masterpiece and is the result of his third collaboration with Yarbusova and Zhokovsky, who photographed houses and old cars in the Moscow neighbourhood where Norstein had grown up. 1984 an international panel of animation experts proclaimed Tale of Tales the best animated film of all time.

  11. Yuri Norstein b.1941 with Yarbusova and cameraman Alexander Zhokovsky invented a machine which allowed them to animate on layers of glass. • 1995 awarded the Russian Independent Triumph Award, which acknowledges 'the highest achievements in art and literature'. • The Overcoat

  12. Fyodor Khitruk b. 1917 one of the most influential animators and animation directors in Russian animation

  13. Fyodor Khitruk b. 1917 • 1917 born in Tver, Russia • 1936 graduated from graphic design program at the OGIS College for Applied Arts in Moscow • 1938 started to work with Soyuzmultfilm as an animator • From 1962 worked as a director

  14. Fyodor Khitruk b. 1917 • 1962 Story of A Crime - was an immense success. • 1964 Toptyzhka • 1965 Boniface's Holiday

  15. Fyodor Khitruk b. 1917 • 1966 Man in the Frame • 1967 Othello 67

  16. Fyodor Khitruk b. 1917 • 1968 Film, Film, Film Winnie-the-Pooh (Винни-Пух, 1969) • 1970 The Young Friedrich Engels • 1971 Winnie-the-Pooh Goes on a Visit • 1972 Winnie-the-Pooh and the Day of Concern

  17. Fyodor Khitruk b. 1917 1973 Island • 1974 I Grant You A Star • 1976 Icarus and the Wise Men • 1982 Olympiad • 1983 Lion and Ox

  18. Fyodor Khitruk b. 1917 • 1993 founded the Animation School and Studio (SHAR Studio) in Russia with Yuriy Norshtein, Andrey Khryanovsky, and Edward Nazarov. The Russian Cinema Committee is among the share-holders of the studio. awarded innumerable awards by all major film festivals lives in Moscow

  19. Animation in Japan. Ancient Shinto mythology (Shinto pantheon with large number of deities) manga (comic book) Anime (animation industry) 1980s-1990s intended for purely domestic audience, but spread all over the world. • Sheer quantity of material • Anime is easily adaptable through dubbing, cutting and editing. • Most anime characters are light-skinned with no racial or ethnic attributes

  20. Animation in Japan. Manga and anime share symbiotic relationship Most anime are based on popular manga Manga: American comic book styles and Japan’s own rich illustrative traditions such as e-maki (picture scrolls) and ukiyo-e (woodblock prints) Anime: dramatic effect derived from Noh, Kabuki, Bunraku and Takarazuka theatrical traditions. These include sound effects, stylized poses, tableau effects, and the elegant androgyny

  21. Animation in Japan. Manga and Anime resurrect ancient mythologies and use them to create new myths suited to the needs of postmodern Japan and most of the world • Global economies, multinational corporations, and shifting moral and social climates there seem to be little opportunity for individual to achieve heroic stature-many animated heroes are mutants and aliens with superpower. • Environmental degradation. • With the rise of Bio-engineering, cloning, and organ transplants many anime use robots to embody the techno- fear concerns of the effect of machine byproducts on the humanity. • Mythologies rewritten to meet contemporary needs.

  22. Renzo Kinoshita (1936-1997) • 1936 born in Osaka, Japan • 1967 began working as an independent animator with his wife Sayoko main focus was his own little films and documentaries made commercials to subsidize his independent films

  23. Renzo Kinoshita (1936-1997) • 1972 Made in Japan Grand Prix at the New York International Animation Festival • Vice president of ASIFA (The International Animated Film Association) • 1977 Japonese --a send up of Japanese features

  24. Renzo Kinoshita (1936-1997)

  25. Renzo Kinoshita (1936-1997) • 1978 Picadon --a moving portrayal of the horror of the A-bomb attack on Hiroshima • 1981 established the ASIFA Japan national group • 1985 the first Hiroshima Animation Festival was held as a result of long years of tireless work by him and his wife Sayoko. • 1993 The Last Air Raid Kumagaya

  26. Yoji Kuri b. 1928 • 1928 born in Fukui, Japan Attended military high school • 1941-1945 worked in an aeroplane factory • 1945 entered Kyoto School of Fine Arts • 1947 transferred to Tokyo Bunga Gakuin art academy • 1950s began work as a comic artists publishing in newspapers and magazines • 1955 one-man show- comics, paintings, sculpture

  27. Yoji Kuri b. 1928 • 1956 published COO collection of drawn stories with no words which won a national prize • 1960 opened Kuri Jikken Manga Kobo production company for short films Founded three Designers – polemical movement claiming that Japan animators should follow the very rich iconographic tradition of Japan rather than foreign suggestions

  28. Yoji Kuri b. 1928 • 1962 Human Zoo • 1963 Locus • 1963 Love • 1964 AOS • 1965 The man next door • 1971 The Bathroom • 1972 Midnight parasites inspired by Bosch and Borowczyk • 1977 Manga

  29. Kihachiro Kawamoto b.1925 • 1925 born in Sendagaya, Japan was captivated by the art of doll and puppet making from the early age

  30. Kihachiro Kawamoto b.1925 • 1952-56 Worked as a puppet maker for animated puppet films, such as "Little Black Sambo", "Kobutori", "A Magic Drum" etc. (35mm, approximately 12min. ) • 1957 Worked as an animator, puppet maker and assistant director at an animated puppet film, "The History of Beer", 35mm, colored, 11min.) • 1958 co-founded Shiba Productions to make commercial animation for television, advertising animated puppet films for TV, and produced many animated puppet films. • 1962 quit the company.

  31. Kihachiro Kawamoto b.1925 • 1963 Studied at the studio in Prague, Czechoslovakia with Jiri Trunka. Trnka encouraged Kawamoto to draw on his own country's rich cultural heritage in his work, and so Kawamoto returned from Czechoslovakia to make a series of highly individual, independently-produced artistic short works • 1965-66 Began to work as a free-lanced artist and produced animated puppet films for TV program. • 1968 Produced my own animated puppet film, "Hanaori/ Breaking Branches is Forbidden" (16mm, color, 14min.) Won Silver Prize at the Mamaia Festival.

  32. Kihachiro Kawamoto b.1925 • 1970 Produced my own puppet animation film "Kenjugiga/ Anthropocynical Farce" (35mm, 8 min.) Heavily influence by the traditional aesthetics of Noh, Bunraku doll theatre and Kabuki, since the 70s his haunting puppet animations • 1972 Produced own puppet animation film "Oni/ The Demon", (35mm, color, 8min.) Won Prize at the Mainichi film contest in Japan, and Special Award at The Melbourne Festival 1973, and the work was mentioned at the Annecy Festival. • 1973 Produced my own cut-out animation film "Tabi/ The Travel" (35mm, color, 12min.) • 1974 Produced my own cut-out animation film "Shijin no Shogai/ A poet's Life" (35mm, color 19min.) Won the Prize at The Mainichi Film Contest in Japan

  33. Kihachiro Kawamoto b.1925

  34. Kihachiro Kawamoto b.1925 • 1976 Produced my own puppet animation film "Dojoji/Dojoji Temple" (35mm, color, 19min.) Won the Prize at the Mainichi Film Contest in Japan '77. • 1980s-1990s designed the puppets used in the long-running TV series based on the Chinese literary classic Romance of the Three Kingdoms (Sangokushi, 1982-84), and later for The Story of Heike (Heike Monogatari, 1993-94) • 2003 was responsible for overseeing the Winter Days (Fuyu no Hi) project, in which 35 of the world's top animators each worked on a two-minute segment inspired by the renka couplets of celebrated haiku poet Matsuo Basho.2005 The Book of the Dead (Shisha no Sho) is Kawamoto's second feature length stop motion puppet animation, after Rennyo and His Mother

  35. Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989) Osamu Tezuka created a revolution in comics and animation. • 1928 born is 1928 in Toyonoka, in Osaka, Japan.

  36. Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989) • 1947 enrolled in college as a medical student made his debut as a cartoonist with a four panel newspaper comic strip titled "Ma-chan's Diary." "New Treasure Island", "Lost World" and "Next World", became smash hits, selling what was then unthinkable for comics-over 400,000 copies each-and making him nationally famous. In comics, in particular, he pioneered long narratives of hundreds, even thousand of pages, bringing "cinematic" art styles and novelistic plots to the medium • 1950 he had firmly established his position as the leading comics artist of his day when he serialized his now-classic work Kimba the White Lion in the monthly magazine, Manga Shonen. • 1952, he began serializing "ASTRO BOY" as becoming one of Tezuka's most popular and famous works

  37. Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989) • 1953 Princess Knight • 1961 founded Mushi production company • 1963 Astro Boy animation series • 1965 Kimba the White Lion

  38. Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989) • 1966 Pictures at exhibition based on Mussorgsky music • 1973 created Tezuka Productions – more flexible organization • 1980 the cosmic zone of love • 1980 the Phoenix works centered on values of piece, love for nature and social participation. • 1984 Jumping “Those who jump are you, the public, humanity. We humans have tendency to go too far with what we do. Often this becomes a dilemma or a catastrophe.”

  39. Osamu Tezuka (1928-1989) • 1985 Broken down film – parody for American silent movies On February 10, 1989, the day after Tezuka passed away, Japan's Asahi Newspaper explained the contribution of this great artist as follows: "Foreign visitors to Japan often find it difficult to understand why Japanese people like comics so much. For example they often reportedly find it odd to see grown men and women engrossed in weekly comic magazine on the trains during commute hours. One explanation for the popularity of comics in Japan, however, is that Japan had Tezuka Osamu, whereas other nations did not. Without Dr. Tezuka, the postwar explosion in comics in Japan would have been inconceivable.”

  40. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  41. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 My pieces are being carried out on a paradigm that "growth model is created by the recursive structure of the self-organization, thus being the fruit of complexed form of evolutional cells.“ Yoichiro Kawaguchi AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  42. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 1952 born on on Tanegashima Island. 1975 first computer images. 1976 degree in Visual Communication and Design from the Kyushu Institute of Design. 1978 received his Master of Fine Arts from Tokyo University of Education. 1982 a regular participant in the Siggraph events. 1986 involved in research work for High Definition TV (HDTV). Associate Professor of Computer Graphics Art at Art & Science Lab, Department of Art, Nippon Electronics College, Tokyo. AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  43. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 “Growth model” an algorythm-backed complex that builds and generates forms via its recursive structure. By running a genetic program, the computer creates images of new forms that, although not real, are abstractions of a distinctly organic nature. The "GROTH Model" is a way to give an unforeseen form to the progress of time. The model is not intended to create or a faithful representations of reality but to produce a new bionomic pictorial space backed by an algorithm. It is a "life form of probability." AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  44. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 Filmography Pollen 1975 Lines 1976 Ecology 1976 Shell 1976 Grown 1977 Tentacle 1980 Horn 1981 Tendril 1981 Fern 1982 Growth 1983 Zooid 1984 Morthogenesis 1984 Origin 1985 Ocean 1986 Cosmo 1987 Float 1987 Tempter 1988 Embryo 1988 Flora 1989 Eggy 1990 Festival 1991 Mutation 1992 Cell 1993 Coacervater 1994 Gigalopolis 1995 Neurar 1996 Paradise 1997 Fossy 1999 Wriggon 1999 Nebular 2000 Gemotion 2001 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  45. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 Pollen 1975 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  46. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 Ecology 1976 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  47. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 Shell 1976 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  48. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 Grown 1977 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  49. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 Tentacle 1980 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006

  50. Yoichiro Kawaguchib 1952 Horn 1981 AD 508 - Advanced Electronic Visualization and Critique | Spring 2006