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Yoga Health Psychology Daniel Bradford Amber Goodwin Charity Lindsey Jessica Motte What is Yoga? ...“the bonding of mind, body, & soul.” Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999. 4 Main Types of Yoga

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what is yoga
What is Yoga?
  • ...“the bonding of mind, body, & soul.”

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

4 main types of yoga
4 Main Types of Yoga
  • 1. Bhaki Yoga - path of devotion
    • Chanting
  • 2. Karma Yoga - path of selflessness
    • action, ____________, & service
  • 3. Jhana Yoga - path of transcendental knowledge
    • scholarship

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

slide4
4. Ashtanga Yoga - path of Patanjali
    • 8 Steps
      • Self Control
      • Character / Self Purification
      • Body Postures
      • ____________
      • Merging of the senses
      • Concentration
      • Meditation
      • Absorption

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

5 restraints
5 Restraints
  • Nonviolence
    • includes ____________ and environmentalism
  • Truthfulness
  • Non-stealing
  • Abstinence
  • Non-possessiveness

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.

yoga vocab
Yoga Vocab
  • Meditation - “focusing intently on one sound, idea, image, or goal”
  • Unity - being one with the self, others, and world
  • ____________ - “sound, word, or phrase that is repeated during meditation”
benefits
Benefits
  • Improvements in patients with:
    • ____________
    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
    • Asthma
    • Epilepsy
    • Psychological Disorders
arthritis
Arthritis
  • Rheumatoid & Osteoarthritis of hands
    • Increased handgrip strength
    • Increased____________
    • Decreased pain

Dash, M., & Telles, S. (2001). Improvement in handgrip strength in rheumatoid arthritis patients following yoga training. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 45(3), 355-360.

Garfinkel, M., Shumacher H., Hussain A., and Levy, M. (1994). Evaluation of a yoga based regimen for treatment of osteoarthritis of the hands. Journal of Rheumatology, 21(12), 2341-2343.

carpal tunnel syndrome
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Increased handgrip
  • Pain reduction

Garfinkle, M., Singhal A., Katz W., and Allan, D. (1998). Yoga-based intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome: A randomized trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280(18), 1601-1603.

asthma
Asthma
  • Increasedbreathing
  • Increased ____________

Iyengar, B., Manocha R., Marks G., and Peters, D. (2002). Sahaja yoga in the management of moderate to severe asthma: A randomized controlled trial. Thorax Journal, 57(2), 110-115.

epilepsy
Epilepsy
  • ____________ in frequency and duration of attacks when yoga used with prescription medication

Ramaratnam S, Sridharan K.  Yoga for epilepsy.  Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000, (3):  CD001524.  PMID:  10908505 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].

psychological disorders mood change
Psychological Disorders & Mood Change
  • Decreasedanxiety
  • Decreaseddepression
    • Defense Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences of India
  • Better control over emotional ____________
    • State Research Institute of Physiology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

Lavey, R., & Sherman, T. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric patients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.

Ray, U., Mukhopadhyaya S., Tomer, O., & Thakur, L. (2001). Effect of yogic exercises on physical and mental health. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 45(1), 37-53.

psychological disorders cont
Psychological Disorders, cont.
  • Improvements in
    • Tension-anxiety
    • Depression
    • ____________
    • Fatigue-inertia
    • Confusion

Lavey, R., & Sherman, T. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric patients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.

research questions
Research Questions
  • What do we want to know about yoga?
  • Does it really help?
    • we need empirical evidence
    • controlled studies

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.

questions cont
Questions, cont.
  • In what ways can we prove it helps?
    • statistical proof
    • hard evidence
    • not only ____________

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.

questions cont17
Questions, cont.
  • How does it help?
    • what is the mechanism
    • is it something measurable?
  • How do we find this out???

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.

watts take
Watts’ take
  • Two questions
    • process questions
    • outcome questions

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.

slide19
Outcome Questions
    • naturalistic
      • advantages= accomplishment, authentic pursuit, early studies.
      • disadvantages= what is actually special, comparison.
    • experimental
      • advantages= comparison, control, statistics
      • disadvantages= only part of yoga,
  • Our Continuing problem…

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.

slide20
Process questions
    • _______________
    • mind effect on body
    • breathing
    • stability and control
    • awareness
  • What did Jung have to say about it?

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.

slide21
Lavey, R. et al. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.
slide22
What are some alternative explanations for this?
    • ________________________
    • general relaxation
    • changes in mood from first to last class
    • sample six

Lavey, R. et al. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.

class activity
Class Activity
  • Breathing Exercise led by:
    • Gautam Jeppu
      • Civil Engineering Grad Student
      • Trained in numerous forms of yoga including: Ashtanga Yoga, Dharmastala Yoga, & Iyengar Yoga
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