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NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR KHARIF CAMPAIGN 2006. Presentation by Department of Agriculture State : Meghalaya. State : MEGHALAYA. STATE’S AGRICULTURAL PROFILE. Geographical area: 22,489 sq. km. Population: 25 lakh (approximately)

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national conference on agriculture for kharif campaign 2006

NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR KHARIF CAMPAIGN 2006

Presentation

by

Department of Agriculture

State : Meghalaya

state s agricultural profile
STATE’S AGRICULTURAL PROFILE
  • Geographical area: 22,489 sq. km.
  • Population: 25 lakh (approximately)
  • Total cropped area: 2.76 lakh hectares
  • Major crops: Paddy, Maize, Wheat and Pulses; Mustard, Soybean, Cotton, Jute and Mesta.
  • Major Fruit crops: Orange, Pine Apple, Banana, Pears, Plums, Peaches, Strawberries.
  • Spices: Ginger, Turmeric and Chilli.
  • Plantation crops: Tea, Cashew nut and Areca nut
  • Agro-climatic zones: 5
strategy for enhancement of crop production productivity
Strategy for Enhancement of Crop Production/Productivity
  • Limited scope for area expansion under foodgrains due to hilly terrain
  • Increase of acreage under HYV & Hybrids
  • Mechanization through power tillers
  • Production & distribution of certified/quality seeds
  • More emphasis on adoption of non-monetary inputs
  • Use of bio-fertilizers and other organic manures to maintain soil health
  • Maximum potentiality on horticulture development
development of horticulture
Development of Horticulture
  • 3 pilot projects for Strawberry, rose and anthurium in C2C mode under Centres of Excellence scheme
  • Model floriculture Centre set up as demonstration plot - 20 floriculture nurseries established in private sector
  • Rose project in 0.5 ha Govt. farm with 2500 cut flowers daily production
  • anthurium project set up with 40,000 plants of exotic new varieties with an aim for area expansion
  • Strawberry project in 1 ha area in deptl. Farm - 123 farmers taken up cultivation
  • Upgradation of 2 fruit processing plants from 85 to 200 MT
timely availability of inputs for kharif 2006
Timely Availability of Inputs for Kharif 2006
  • Foundation seed of Paddy var. Ranjit - 130 qtls from NSC
  • Certified seeds of Paddy vars. Ranjit (850qtls) & MTU-7029 (50qtls) from own Seed Farm
  • Total certified/quality seeds required (6178 qtls) from NSC ,other State Seed Corporation & own production
  • Cold tolerant rice vars. With yield potential 2-3 MT/Ha. gaining popularity amongst farmers in high altitude region. Seeds procured from registered growers as truthfully labelled seeds
  • Urea requirement for Kharif 2006 = 3800 MT
  • Pesticides requirement for Kharif 2006 = 5.075 MT tech.grade
initiatives for increasing investment in agriculture
Initiatives for Increasing Investment in Agriculture
  • Share capital contribution & investment in agril. institution
  • Investment in Irrigation projects : ongoing projects = 21nos. & new projects = 29 nos.
  • Employment generation through trg. Of educated rural youth on farm-based activities
promotion of self employment through farm based activities
Promotion of Self Employment through Farm-based Activities
  • Twenty educated unemployed youth selected on an experimental basis
  • Youths selected have own/community land for implementation of individual projects after training
  • Trainees assisted with some inputs for starting the projects and encouraged to take financial assistance from financial institutions
  • Focus areas - maximization of profits, project & marketing management, entrepreneurial skills, value addition, financial management , organisation of SHGs & environmental issues
  • Post evaluation showed encouraging results - project replicated in other districts of the State.
crop diversification
Crop Diversification
  • No crop diversification from cereals to non-cereals as State is deficient in foodgrains
  • Diversification from Fibre crops to spring paddy and winter vegetables - marked increase of 31 %
  • Area expansion under TMH
  • State not included under ISOPOM but maize, oilseeds & pulses development taken up from Macro management
strengthening of agriculture extension network through atma
Strengthening of Agriculture Extension network through ATMA
  • Three districts out of seven covered for implementation of Extension Reforms
  • Activities completed -

- One day State level workshop ( 1 no.)

- One day district level Orientation workshop ( 3 nos.)

- Six day training on Strategic Research Extn.Plan (1 no.)

- Identification of Agro-Ecology situation (AES) & AES team

- State Agri. Management & Extn. Trg. Institute ( SAMETI )

identified

…contd.

strengthening of agriculture extn network through atma contd
Strengthening of Agriculture Extn. Network through ATMA ( Contd……)
  • On-going Activities -

- Collection of primary data from representative villages of AES

- Preparation of Strategic Research Extn. Plan ( SREP) & State Extension Work Plan (SEWP)

- Formation & registration of Agriculture Technology management Agency ( ATMA )

marketing reforms
Marketing Reforms
  • Meghalaya State Agril. marketing Portal established : web-based online market information system designed & developed with NIC assistance - www.megamb.nic.in
  • Draft amendments on APMC Act undertaken & circulated to concerned agencies in the State for incorporation of relevant issues
insurance coverage for farmers
Insurance Coverage for Farmers
  • Crops covered for Kharif season Sali paddy, Ahu paddy, potato and ginger
  • Crops and No. of Farmers covered during Kharif 2005 Ahupaddy = 37 nos., Sali paddy = 243 nos. & ginger = 84 nos.
  • Corpus fund contributed by State Govt. = Rs 42 lakhs & Liabilities = Rs 25 lakhs to Agricultural Insuramce Corporation of India ( erstwhile General Insurance Corporation of India )
  • State Scheme to meet relief during natural calamity
kharif 2006
Kharif 2006

THANKYOU