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Chapter 8. Managing Stress and Anxiety. Health Standards. 10.1.3. Describe the interrelationships of mental, emotional, social, and physical health throughout the stages of life. 10.3. Demonstrate the ability to design, implement, and evaluate strategies to manage stress.

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Managing stress

Chapter 8

Managing Stress

and Anxiety


Managing stress

Health Standards

10.1.3. Describe the interrelationships of mental, emotional, social, and

physical health throughout the stages of life.

10.3. Demonstrate the ability to design, implement, and evaluate strategies to manage stress.

10.3.2 Evaluate strategies to manage grief and anger.

10.5.3 Analyze the possible causes and results of conflict in schools, families, and communities.


Managing stress

What Causes Stress?

Stress: is the reaction of the body and mind to

everyday challenges and demands.

Stressor:is anything that causes stress.

PsychosomaticResponse: physical reaction that

results from stress rather than an injury.

ChronicStress:Stress associated with long term

problems beyond control.

  • There are five general categories of stressors:

  • Biological Stressor: illnesses, or injuries.

  • Environmental Stressor: poverty, noise, and

  • pollution.

  • Cognitive Stressor: the way you handle a situation.

  • Personal Behavior Stressor: negative reactions caused

  • by tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs or by lack of

  • physical activity.

  • Life Situation Stressor: death, divorce, and

  • situations with peers.


Managing stress

Lesson 1

Continued

The Alarm Response


Managing stress

Lesson 1

The Body's Stress Response

Alarm

Resistance

Fatigue

Alarm is the first stage in the stress response. This is when the body and mind go on high alert. (Flight or Fight Response)

During this stage, your body adapts to the rush created by alarm and reacts to the stressor. This is the stage in which you to “fight” or take “flight.”

The Third stage of the stress response, a tired feeling takes over that lowers your level of activity. Both the mind and the body become exhausted.


Managing stress

  • Physical Fatigue – The muscles work hard for long periods of times, often causing soreness and pain.

  • Psychological Fatigue – Results from constant worry, overworking, depression, boredom, isolation, or feeling overwhelmed.

  • Pathological Fatigue – Brought on by over working the body’s defense and fighting disease. Anemia, flu, over weight, and poor nutrition are a few examples. Drugs and alcohol can increase the feeling of fatigue.

Lesson 1

Fatigue


Managing stress

Lesson 1

Physical, Mental/Emotional Effect s

Physical

Mental/Emotional

  • Headache

  • Asthma

  • High Blood pressure

  • Weakened immune system

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Mood swings

  • Risk to substance abuse ( drug use)


Managing stress

Managing Stress

Lesson 2

Personal Causes of Stress

Managing Stress

  • Life events – Getting a drivers license, graduation, birth, illness, death, and divorce.

  • Physical stressors – pollution, noise, injury, lack of sleep, drug use

  • Daily hassles – time pressures, responsibilities, conflicts.

-Plan ahead

-Get enough sleep

-Regular physical

activity

-Eat healthy

-Avoid drugs

Stress-Management Skills:skills that help an individual manage stress in a helpful, effective way.


Managing stress

Stress Management Skills

  • Redirect Your Energy:

  • Work on a creative project, Physical activity. No matter

  • what you do, the activity will release your nervous energy.

  • Relax and Laugh:

  • Deep breathing, think positive thoughts, and stretching.

  • Laughing can help too. Laughing lowers your blood

  • pressure and makes you feel relaxed.

  • Keep a positive outlook:

  • A positive outlook can help relieve stress, because the way

  • you think impacts the way you feel.

  • Seek out support:

  • Confide in someone you trust, such as parent, guardian,

  • sibling, teacher, or close friend. Just talking to someone

  • about your problems may help you feel better about the

  • situation.


Managing stress

Lesson 3

Anxiety and Teen Depression

  • What is Anxiety?

  • 1. Anxiety: is a condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen.

  • Symptoms include:

  • Feeling fear or dread

  • perspiration, trembling, restlessness, or muscle tension

  • rapid heart rate, light headedness, or shortness of breath

  • What is depression?

  • 2. Depression: is a prolonged feeling of hopelessness, helplessness, or sadness.

  • There are two different types of depression.

  • Reactive depression:

  • -Is a response to a stressful event such as a death of a friend or family member.

  • Major Depression:

  • - It is a condition requiring treatment. it is more severe and last longer that reactive depression.


Managing stress

Lesson 3

Teen Depression and how to manage it

  • Symptoms of Teen Depression.

  • Irritable or restless mood

  • Withdraw from friends and activities

  • A change in appetite or weight

  • Feelings of guilt or worthlessness

  • Sense of hopelessness

  • Ways to Manage Teen Depression

  • Write your feeling in a private journal

  • Draw, dance , or engage in another activity

  • talk about your feelings with your family or

  • friends

  • Do something nice for someone else


Managing stress

Being a Resilient Teen

What is resiliency?

Resiliency: is the ability to recover from

disappointment, difficulty, or a crisis.

Factors That Effect Resiliency

  • External factors:include your family, your school or community, and your peers.

  • Internal factors:are the ones you have control over.

  • Positive values:demonstrate positive values through your words and actions.

  • Social dependency:you have empathy and friendship skills. It also means you can resist negative peer pressure and resolve conflicts nonviolently.

  • Positive identity:indicates positive self-esteem and a sense of purpose.