Collective action and nature protection The case o f the Drawa National Park (Poland) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Collective action and nature protection The case o f the Drawa National Park (Poland)

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  1. Collective action and nature protection The case of the Drawa National Park (Poland) Part of IDARI Project (FP 5 Quality of Life) Piotr Matczak Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland Ilona Banaszak Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  2. Map of the Drawa NP ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  3. ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  4. ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  5. Problem • Building self-reliance of communities: • Poor economic situation of the area • The Park as a capital for development • Nature/resources protection – common good • Tourist infrastructure – public good ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  6. Objective of the study • What is the model of a collective action • Building and evolution of institutions (formal and informal) • The role of learning (... to make a deal enhancing development.) • Methodology ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  7. Key actors Tourist industry Academic Institutions Drawa Park Council Ministry of Environment Drawa Park Administration Nature Protection NGOs National Board for National Parks Local inhabitants, local farmers Self-governments (gmina and powiats) Regional authorities NGOs ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  8. Nature protection side • Legal framework: Nature Protection Plan • least possible participation • law of access to public information • „success story” ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  9. Economic development • Individualistic type of actions (tourist industry and self-government) – market approach in regulated conditions • No institution involving all the actors (lack of horizontal co-ordination) ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  10. Learning process • Concerning nature protection • Participatory approach in Nature Protection Plan • Soft enforcement of restrictions by Park’s Guard • Concerning development - obstacles: • Economic fragility of the business keeps tourist industry reluctant • Privatisation approach of the Park • Weakeness and division of self-governments ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

  11. Conclusion „Development trap” • Lack of financial capital • Use of the park as a capital needs co-operation • Lack of institutional infrastructure ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon