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Collective action and nature protection The case o f the Drawa National Park (Poland) Part of IDARI Project (FP 5 Quality of Life) Piotr Matczak Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland Ilona Banaszak Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany Map of the Drawa NP Problem

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collective action and nature protection the case o f the drawa national park poland

Collective action and nature protection The case of the Drawa National Park (Poland)

Part of IDARI Project (FP 5 Quality of Life)

Piotr Matczak

Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland

Ilona Banaszak

Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

map of the drawa np
Map of the Drawa NP

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

problem
Problem
  • Building self-reliance of communities:
    • Poor economic situation of the area
    • The Park as a capital for development
  • Nature/resources protection – common good
  • Tourist infrastructure – public good

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

objective of the study
Objective of the study
  • What is the model of a collective action
    • Building and evolution of institutions (formal and informal)
    • The role of learning

(... to make a deal enhancing development.)

  • Methodology

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

key actors
Key actors

Tourist industry

Academic Institutions

Drawa Park Council

Ministry of Environment

Drawa Park Administration

Nature Protection NGOs

National Board for National Parks

Local inhabitants, local farmers

Self-governments (gmina and powiats)

Regional authorities

NGOs

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

nature protection side
Nature protection side
  • Legal framework: Nature Protection Plan
    • least possible participation
    • law of access to public information
    • „success story”

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

economic development
Economic development
  • Individualistic type of actions (tourist industry and self-government) – market approach in regulated conditions
  • No institution involving all the actors (lack of horizontal co-ordination)

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

learning process
Learning process
  • Concerning nature protection
    • Participatory approach in Nature Protection Plan
    • Soft enforcement of restrictions by Park’s Guard
  • Concerning development - obstacles:
    • Economic fragility of the business keeps tourist industry reluctant
    • Privatisation approach of the Park
    • Weakeness and division of self-governments

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

conclusion
Conclusion

„Development trap”

  • Lack of financial capital
  • Use of the park as a capital needs co-operation
  • Lack of institutional infrastructure

ESEE conference: Science and Governance. June 14-17, 2005, Lisbon

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