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EUCAR: R&D for Europe Shaping the Future of Collaborative R&D for the European Automotive Industry. Dr Ulf Palmquist Director of EUCAR. Collaborative Automotive R&D: Background, Motivation. Need to share basic knowledge and cost for development create basis for common approach to standards

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eucar r d for europe shaping the future of collaborative r d for the european automotive industry

EUCAR: R&D for EuropeShaping the Future of Collaborative R&D for the European Automotive Industry

Dr Ulf PalmquistDirector of EUCAR

collaborative automotive r d background motivation
Collaborative Automotive R&D: Background, Motivation
  • Need to
    • share basic knowledge and cost for development
    • create basis for common approach to standards
    • guide universities and institutes towards automotive R&D
  • 1980: Joint Research Committee, (JRC)
    • Basic Research oriented
      • Flow and Combustion Modelling
      • Aerodynamics
      • Materials
      • Software Development for Simulation
    • Initiating companies
      • British Leyland
      • Fiat
      • PSA
      • Renault
      • Volkswagen
      • AB Volvo.
towards objective driven r d using broad technology base
Towards Objective Driven R&D using broad technology base

JRC: 1980 - 1994

Basic Research in

“classic” automotive areas.

ACEA

Legislation, Trade,

Competitiveness,

etc.

Prometheus: 1987 –1994

Information technology

for road and traffic

EUCAR: 1994 -

“Promotion of collaborative

European automotive R&D

in order to maintain

and strengthen

the European automotive

industry competitiveness”

MicroMobile: 1992 – 1994

Electronics and ICT for vehicles

  • Dialog and Consultation;
  • Future Challenges
  • Industrial alignment

Other R&D Programs

founding of eucar 1994
Founding of EUCAR 1994

Founders:

Adam Opel

BMW

DaimlerChrysler

Fiat

Ford

PSA

Renault

Volkswagen

AB Volvo

Porsche

Major R&D Areas:

Materials, Structures & Processes

Engines, Fuels & Exhaust Treatment

Manufacturing & Processes Organisation

Electric/Hybrid Vehicles & Components

Vehicle Technologies

Vehicle Development, Methods & Processes

Electronics

Road Traffic Infrastructure

eucar today 2006
EUCAR: Today 2006
  • Identify, formulate R&D needs
  • Platform and catalyst for R&D
  • Network to other stakeholders
  • Represent the R&D interests of the members

“Identify strategic research and initiate R&D projects

for the European automotive industry”

Mission

EUCAR Members

Main Tasks

eucar organizational overview

System Integration

Groups

Enabling Technology

Groups

EUCAR Organizational Overview

ACEA BoD

EUCAR Council

Coordination Committee

EUCAR Office

Supporting Groups(legal & accounting)

Research Areas

eucar cluster of working groups
EUCAR Cluster of Working Groups

Fuels & Powertrain

SGP

Powertrain

Leader: AB Volvo

IG Fuels

Fuels

Leader: Ford

IG FC & H2

Hybrid & Fuel Cells

Leader: DC

§

Integrated Safety

SGA

Adv. Controls

Vehicle Info

Leader: AB Volvo

SGS

Safety

Leader: AB Volvo

SGI

Human Vehicle Interaction.

Leader: AB Volvo

EGE

Electric and Electronics

Leader: DC

§

Materials, Processes and Manufacturing

§

EGM

Materials, Processes

Leader: VW

IG P&C

Paints & Coatings

Leader: Audi

EG VE

Virtual Engineering

Leader: CRF

EGR

LCA & Recycling

Leader: VW

EG Manu

Manufacturing

Leader: CRF

Mobility & Transport

SGM

Mobility & Infrastructure

Leader: CRF

CV R&D ForumCV and Transport R&D

Leader: AB Volvo

§

r d organised in programme boards

IP

IP

IP

IP

Integrated Safety

& Mobility

- Mentors

- Coordinators

IPs

Safety

systems

R&D organised in Programme Boards
  • Mentors recruited from:
  • OEMs: EUCAR Council
  • RTD organisations
  • Suppliers
  • Energy Industry
  • other related industry

Purpose:

  • Monitor, guide and support projects
  • Identify needs and direction of research
  • Promote deployment and exploitation
  • . . .

Fuels & Powertrain

- Mentors

- Coordinators

Materials, Processes & Manufacturing

- Mentors

- Coordinators

IP

IP

IP

IP

Manufact.

IP

IP Engine

IP

Materials

IP Fuels

IP 6

fuels powertrain program sustainability of road transportation
Fuels & Powertrain ProgramSustainability of Road Transportation

Scope:

  • Energy and fuel issues, including production, distribution and storage
  • Complete powertrain systems including conventional and alternative ones
  • Environmental impact (pollutants, noise) aspects related to fuels and powertrain.
slide10

Emissions

Emissions

Mobility

of People

Transport

of Goods

Renewable

Nuclear

Fossil

Today’s Concerns:Energy Sources. Suitable Fuels. CO2 contributions. Emissions.

Fuels and Powertrain

CO2

CO2

CO2

Basic Energies

Energy Conversion

Fuel Production

Fuel Storage

and Distribution

Energy Conversion.

Fuel Consumption.

Transport Work.

Traffic Management.

Infrastructure.

Gasoline

Diesel

Bio Fuels

Gas

H2

….

Nuclear

waste deposit

fuels and powertrain projects

Mentors:

H. Kohler (DC)

J.-P. Goedgebuer (PSA)

Fuels and Powertrain Projects

Ongoing Projects

CO2 neutral fuels from renewables

“RENEW”

H2 generation and distribution

“HyWAYS”

H2 storage for transportation

“StorHy”

Volkswagen

LBST (DC)

Magna Steyr

H2 fuelled internal combustion engines

“HyICE”

Advanced internal combustion engines

“NICE”

Fuel Cell systems for transportation

“HyTRAN”

AB Volvo

BMW

DaimlerChrysler

Commercial vehicle powertrains

“GREEN”

Noise emission reductions

“SILENCE”

Identification ofH2 & FC R&D Needs

“HiLights”

Research & Support to Hydrogen

“Roads2HyCOM”

AB Volvo

LBST

AVL (CRF)

Ricardo

Recently Started

Starting up

FC - Hybrid

Components

“HySys”

STREPs on:

Batteries, Supercaps,

Robust Electronics

Integrated Hybrid Concept

“HICEPS”

Aftertreatment

“PAGODE”STREP

PSA

DaimlerChrysler

CRF

approaches for vehicle and road safety

Autonomous,

on-board, vehicle

systems

Cooperative systems

Approaches for Vehicle and Road Safety
  • Protective systems (1950 - );
    • Crashworthiness of vehicles
    • Restraint systems
  • Handling dynamics of vehicle (1970 - );
    • Advanced suspension systems
    • ABS
    • Electronic stability
  • Preventive systems (1980 - );
    • Lane Keeping
    • Collision Avoidance
    • Road/Tyre Friction Monitoring
  • Driver - Vehicle Interaction systems, HMI (1985 - );
    • Information systems (in vehicle)
    • Drive monitoring
  • Vehicle - Infrastructure Communication (1990 - )
    • RDS/TMC
    • Emergency call (eCall)
  • Vehicle - Vehicle Communication (1990 - )
    • Extended Collision Avoidance
integrated road safety issues and key actors
Integrated Road Safety: Issues and Key Actors
  • Issues:
    • Drivers: Education, monitoring systems, …
    • Other traffic participants: Pedestrians, Bicycles, etc.
    • Vehicle: Accident avoidance systems, crash systems, …
    • Infrastructure: Road design and maintenance, traffic information
    • Co-operative Systems
  • Key Actors - Major Responsible:
    • Driver / Traffic Participants
    • Automotive industry
    • Road providers
    • Policy and legislation makers
    • Electronic and telecom industry
eucar initiated integrated safety r d program
EUCAR initiated Integrated Safety R&D Program

Scope:

Analysis, measures and systems for complete and integrated safety of the road users.

In particular:

  • Accidentology to identify and evaluate relevant and efficient safety measures
  • Driver-vehicle-infrastructure interaction, design of HMI systems
  • Real time sensing and monitoring, active safety systems
  • Infrastructure information and support systems
  • Enhanced and novel protection systems
  • Emergency and rescue systems
  • Vehicle architecture and standards for commercial implementation of safety systems.
slide17

Driver

AIDE

Applications

EASIS

Communication channels

GST

Service facilitator

Cooperative Efficiency

Vehicle toInfrastructure

eCall

CVIS

Cooperative safety

TRACE

Vehicle toVehicle

SAFESPOT

APROSYS

Active Safety

PassiveSafety

Autonomous

PReVENT

Time

minutes

seconds

milliseconds

minutes

Integrated Safety: Map of R&D Areas

projects in the field of integrated safety mobility

Methodology for accident causation analysis

“Accidentology”

“TRACE” STREP

Freight Innovative Delivery in European Urban Space

“FIDEUS”

Renault

CRF

Mentors:

L-G Rosengren (AB Volvo)

M Vimont (Renault)

Projects in the field of Integrated Safety & Mobility

Common, agreed adaptive HMI interface

“AIDE”

Common E/Earchitecture for vehicles

“EASIS”

Ongoing Projects

AB Volvo

DaimlerChrysler

Systems for passenger protection

“APROSYS”

Systems for post accident rescue

“GST”

Systems for accident prevention

“PReVENT”

DaimlerChrysler

TNO

ERTICO

Recently Started

Vehicle-to-Vulnerable road user cooperative technologies to improve safety

“Watch-Over”STREP

Connecting intelligent vehicle and infrastructure for enhanced SAFETY

“SAFESPOT”

Connecting intelligent vehicle and infrastructure for enhanced EFFICIENCY

“CVIS”

CRF

Software for Traffic Efficiency and Safety

Architecture language

“ATESST”

STREP

CRF

Ertico

AB Volvo

eucar s mpm materials processes and manufacturing programme
EUCAR’s (MPM) Materials, Processes and Manufacturing” Programme
  • Overview
    • Smart use of conventional and new materials – in a process chain involving design, production, manufacturing and recycling
    • Flexible manufacturability, IT supported and closed loop control of manufacturing processes, modeling simulation of manufacturing process
  • Current R&D Activities
    • Production and manufacturing methods for the future vehicles
    • Reduction of noise using intelligent material as structural parts
    • Precise modelling of production lines, continuous and consistent data integration
    • Low weight vehicles through a multi material approach.
competitiveness of the european automobile industry

MANUFACTURING

Research-Innovation based

Compete by

REDUCING COSTS

Compete by

HIGH VALUE ADDED

PRODUCTS

PROCESSES

High performances

Customization

New buisness models

New human capital

ENTERPRISES

Cheap labour, Automation

European industrial sectors

Competitiveness of the European Automobile Industry

Advanced Manufacturing,

Superior Processes & Materials

area mpm positioning vs vehicle development
AREA MPM - Positioning vs. Vehicle development

quality

cost

Process

side

environment

Manufacturing

Materials

Recycling

Virtual Engineering

Start

Of

Development

Start

Of

Production

performance

Product

side

safety

comfort

materials processes and manufacturing projects
Materials, Processes and Manufacturing: Projects

Ongoing Projects

Starting up

Materials for active noise reduction

“InMAR”

Low weight car body

“SLC”

Super Light Car

Flexiable Assembly Processes

”my-CAR”

Automotive Components of Light Alloys

”NADIA”

SME IP

AB Volvo

Fraunhofer Institute

Volkswagen

ENGINSOFT (IT)

New Automotive components Designed for and manufactured by Intelligent processing of light Alloys

Realization of advanced multi-material vehicle structures using lightweight design

Realisation of high performing adaptive material systems with integrated electornics for noise mitigation purposes

Development of a concept for adaptive, networked, knowledge based, flexible manufacturing

slide23

EUCAR Activities in the EU R&D Programme FP6 (2003-2006)

Present R&D Programmes

Fuels and Powertrain 14 projects

  • Renewable Fuels
  • Conventional Alternative Powertrains
  • New Improved Combustion Technologies
  • Emission Reduction: Air Pollutants & Noise

Integrated Safety & Mobility 11 projects

  • Active and Preventive Safety
  • Passive Safety Integration
  • Rescue Systems
  • Cooperative Systems based on Communication
  • HMI Integration
  • Eco-efficient goods transport

Materials, Processes & Manufacturing 4 projects

  • Flexible, Lean and Eco efficient Manufacturing
  • Low Weight Design
  • Light Weigh Materials
eucar input to eu research programme summary of high priority research needs for the future
EUCAR input to EU Research ProgrammeSummary of High Priority Research Needs for the Future

Information and Communication Technologies:

  • eSafety, HMI for ADAS, embedded systems, nomadic devices

Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies:

  • Flexible, lean and eco-efficient manufacturing, processing, integration of nanomaterials, material role in lightweight and CO2 emission reduction

Energy

  • Fuel production, impact of biofuels, fuel cell, APU, electric drives in fuel cell and hybrid vehicles, architectures, batteries, compressed and cryogenic liquid hydrogen storage systems, test facility for hydrogen

Transport

  • Low emission ICE, integrated powertrain hybrid system, CNG engines, hydrogen Infrastructure, integration of active and preventive safety, driver behaviour, mobility in urban areas, predictive goods transport efficiency, product life cycle simulation
advanced safety functions coming to the market

Interior Carbine Protection

Advanced Safety Functions coming to the Market
  • Collision Avoidance Systems:
    • Blind Spot detection
    • Distance Keeping with Active Braking
integrated safety program direction for the future
Integrated Safety Program: Direction for the Future
  • Next Generation Autonomous Safety On-board Systems:
    • Lower cost, higher integration, improved reliability and accuracy
    • Larger penetration and better safety impact.
  • Driver: Behavioural studies, Models
  • Cooperative systems: Vehicle - Vehicle - Infrastructure
    • System approach and building
    • Allocation of equipment and investment (vehicle vs infrastructure)
    • Cost/benefit - Operational business case
    • Phased time schedule for deployment