EUCAR: R&D for EuropeShaping the Future of Collaborative R&D for the European Automotive Industry Dr Ulf PalmquistDirector of EUCAR
Collaborative Automotive R&D: Background, Motivation • Need to • share basic knowledge and cost for development • create basis for common approach to standards • guide universities and institutes towards automotive R&D • … • 1980: Joint Research Committee, (JRC) • Basic Research oriented • Flow and Combustion Modelling • Aerodynamics • Materials • Software Development for Simulation • Initiating companies • British Leyland • Fiat • PSA • Renault • Volkswagen • AB Volvo.
Towards Objective Driven R&D using broad technology base JRC: 1980 - 1994 Basic Research in “classic” automotive areas. ACEA Legislation, Trade, Competitiveness, etc. Prometheus: 1987 –1994 Information technology for road and traffic EUCAR: 1994 - “Promotion of collaborative European automotive R&D in order to maintain and strengthen the European automotive industry competitiveness” MicroMobile: 1992 – 1994 Electronics and ICT for vehicles • Dialog and Consultation; • Future Challenges • Industrial alignment Other R&D Programs
Founding of EUCAR 1994 Founders: Adam Opel BMW DaimlerChrysler Fiat Ford PSA Renault Volkswagen AB Volvo Porsche Major R&D Areas: Materials, Structures & Processes Engines, Fuels & Exhaust Treatment Manufacturing & Processes Organisation Electric/Hybrid Vehicles & Components Vehicle Technologies Vehicle Development, Methods & Processes Electronics Road Traffic Infrastructure
EUCAR: Today 2006 • Identify, formulate R&D needs • Platform and catalyst for R&D • Network to other stakeholders • Represent the R&D interests of the members “Identify strategic research and initiate R&D projects for the European automotive industry” Mission EUCAR Members Main Tasks
System Integration Groups Enabling Technology Groups EUCAR Organizational Overview ACEA BoD EUCAR Council Coordination Committee EUCAR Office Supporting Groups(legal & accounting) Research Areas
EUCAR Cluster of Working Groups Fuels & Powertrain SGP Powertrain Leader: AB Volvo IG Fuels Fuels Leader: Ford IG FC & H2 Hybrid & Fuel Cells Leader: DC § Integrated Safety SGA Adv. Controls Vehicle Info Leader: AB Volvo SGS Safety Leader: AB Volvo SGI Human Vehicle Interaction. Leader: AB Volvo EGE Electric and Electronics Leader: DC § Materials, Processes and Manufacturing § EGM Materials, Processes Leader: VW IG P&C Paints & Coatings Leader: Audi EG VE Virtual Engineering Leader: CRF EGR LCA & Recycling Leader: VW EG Manu Manufacturing Leader: CRF Mobility & Transport SGM Mobility & Infrastructure Leader: CRF CV R&D ForumCV and Transport R&D Leader: AB Volvo §
IP IP IP IP Integrated Safety & Mobility - Mentors - Coordinators IPs Safety systems R&D organised in Programme Boards • Mentors recruited from: • OEMs: EUCAR Council • RTD organisations • Suppliers • Energy Industry • other related industry Purpose: • Monitor, guide and support projects • Identify needs and direction of research • Promote deployment and exploitation • . . . Fuels & Powertrain - Mentors - Coordinators Materials, Processes & Manufacturing - Mentors - Coordinators IP IP IP IP Manufact. IP IP Engine IP Materials IP Fuels IP 6
Fuels & Powertrain ProgramSustainability of Road Transportation Scope: • Energy and fuel issues, including production, distribution and storage • Complete powertrain systems including conventional and alternative ones • Environmental impact (pollutants, noise) aspects related to fuels and powertrain.
Emissions Emissions Mobility of People Transport of Goods Renewable Nuclear Fossil Today’s Concerns:Energy Sources. Suitable Fuels. CO2 contributions. Emissions. Fuels and Powertrain CO2 CO2 CO2 Basic Energies Energy Conversion Fuel Production Fuel Storage and Distribution Energy Conversion. Fuel Consumption. Transport Work. Traffic Management. Infrastructure. Gasoline Diesel Bio Fuels Gas H2 …. Nuclear waste deposit
Mentors: H. Kohler (DC) J.-P. Goedgebuer (PSA) Fuels and Powertrain Projects Ongoing Projects CO2 neutral fuels from renewables “RENEW” H2 generation and distribution “HyWAYS” H2 storage for transportation “StorHy” Volkswagen LBST (DC) Magna Steyr H2 fuelled internal combustion engines “HyICE” Advanced internal combustion engines “NICE” Fuel Cell systems for transportation “HyTRAN” AB Volvo BMW DaimlerChrysler Commercial vehicle powertrains “GREEN” Noise emission reductions “SILENCE” Identification ofH2 & FC R&D Needs “HiLights” Research & Support to Hydrogen “Roads2HyCOM” AB Volvo LBST AVL (CRF) Ricardo Recently Started Starting up FC - Hybrid Components “HySys” STREPs on: Batteries, Supercaps, Robust Electronics Integrated Hybrid Concept “HICEPS” Aftertreatment “PAGODE”STREP PSA DaimlerChrysler CRF
Autonomous, on-board, vehicle systems Cooperative systems Approaches for Vehicle and Road Safety • Protective systems (1950 - ); • Crashworthiness of vehicles • Restraint systems • … • Handling dynamics of vehicle (1970 - ); • Advanced suspension systems • ABS • Electronic stability • … • Preventive systems (1980 - ); • Lane Keeping • Collision Avoidance • Road/Tyre Friction Monitoring • … • Driver - Vehicle Interaction systems, HMI (1985 - ); • Information systems (in vehicle) • Drive monitoring • … • Vehicle - Infrastructure Communication (1990 - ) • RDS/TMC • Emergency call (eCall) • … • Vehicle - Vehicle Communication (1990 - ) • Extended Collision Avoidance • …
Road User / Traffic Participant Vehicle Infrastructure Road Safety: A responsibility for all participants
Integrated Road Safety: Issues and Key Actors • Issues: • Drivers: Education, monitoring systems, … • Other traffic participants: Pedestrians, Bicycles, etc. • Vehicle: Accident avoidance systems, crash systems, … • Infrastructure: Road design and maintenance, traffic information • Co-operative Systems • Key Actors - Major Responsible: • Driver / Traffic Participants • Automotive industry • Road providers • Policy and legislation makers • Electronic and telecom industry
EUCAR initiated Integrated Safety R&D Program Scope: Analysis, measures and systems for complete and integrated safety of the road users. In particular: • Accidentology to identify and evaluate relevant and efficient safety measures • Driver-vehicle-infrastructure interaction, design of HMI systems • Real time sensing and monitoring, active safety systems • Infrastructure information and support systems • Enhanced and novel protection systems • Emergency and rescue systems • Vehicle architecture and standards for commercial implementation of safety systems.
Driver AIDE Applications EASIS Communication channels GST Service facilitator Cooperative Efficiency Vehicle toInfrastructure eCall CVIS Cooperative safety TRACE Vehicle toVehicle SAFESPOT APROSYS Active Safety PassiveSafety Autonomous PReVENT Time minutes seconds milliseconds minutes Integrated Safety: Map of R&D Areas
Methodology for accident causation analysis “Accidentology” “TRACE” STREP Freight Innovative Delivery in European Urban Space “FIDEUS” Renault CRF Mentors: L-G Rosengren (AB Volvo) M Vimont (Renault) Projects in the field of Integrated Safety & Mobility Common, agreed adaptive HMI interface “AIDE” Common E/Earchitecture for vehicles “EASIS” Ongoing Projects AB Volvo DaimlerChrysler Systems for passenger protection “APROSYS” Systems for post accident rescue “GST” Systems for accident prevention “PReVENT” DaimlerChrysler TNO ERTICO Recently Started Vehicle-to-Vulnerable road user cooperative technologies to improve safety “Watch-Over”STREP Connecting intelligent vehicle and infrastructure for enhanced SAFETY “SAFESPOT” Connecting intelligent vehicle and infrastructure for enhanced EFFICIENCY “CVIS” CRF Software for Traffic Efficiency and Safety Architecture language “ATESST” STREP CRF Ertico AB Volvo
EUCAR’s (MPM) Materials, Processes and Manufacturing” Programme • Overview • Smart use of conventional and new materials – in a process chain involving design, production, manufacturing and recycling • Flexible manufacturability, IT supported and closed loop control of manufacturing processes, modeling simulation of manufacturing process • Current R&D Activities • Production and manufacturing methods for the future vehicles • Reduction of noise using intelligent material as structural parts • Precise modelling of production lines, continuous and consistent data integration • Low weight vehicles through a multi material approach.
MANUFACTURING Research-Innovation based Compete by REDUCING COSTS Compete by HIGH VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS PROCESSES High performances Customization New buisness models New human capital ENTERPRISES Cheap labour, Automation European industrial sectors Competitiveness of the European Automobile Industry Advanced Manufacturing, Superior Processes & Materials
AREA MPM - Positioning vs. Vehicle development quality cost Process side environment Manufacturing Materials Recycling Virtual Engineering Start Of Development Start Of Production performance Product side safety comfort
Materials, Processes and Manufacturing: Projects Ongoing Projects Starting up Materials for active noise reduction “InMAR” Low weight car body “SLC” Super Light Car Flexiable Assembly Processes ”my-CAR” Automotive Components of Light Alloys ”NADIA” SME IP AB Volvo Fraunhofer Institute Volkswagen ENGINSOFT (IT) New Automotive components Designed for and manufactured by Intelligent processing of light Alloys Realization of advanced multi-material vehicle structures using lightweight design Realisation of high performing adaptive material systems with integrated electornics for noise mitigation purposes Development of a concept for adaptive, networked, knowledge based, flexible manufacturing
EUCAR Activities in the EU R&D Programme FP6 (2003-2006) Present R&D Programmes Fuels and Powertrain 14 projects • Renewable Fuels • Conventional Alternative Powertrains • New Improved Combustion Technologies • Emission Reduction: Air Pollutants & Noise Integrated Safety & Mobility 11 projects • Active and Preventive Safety • Passive Safety Integration • Rescue Systems • Cooperative Systems based on Communication • HMI Integration • Eco-efficient goods transport Materials, Processes & Manufacturing 4 projects • Flexible, Lean and Eco efficient Manufacturing • Low Weight Design • Light Weigh Materials
EUCAR input to EU Research ProgrammeSummary of High Priority Research Needs for the Future Information and Communication Technologies: • eSafety, HMI for ADAS, embedded systems, nomadic devices Nanosciences, Nanotechnologies, Materials and new Production Technologies: • Flexible, lean and eco-efficient manufacturing, processing, integration of nanomaterials, material role in lightweight and CO2 emission reduction Energy • Fuel production, impact of biofuels, fuel cell, APU, electric drives in fuel cell and hybrid vehicles, architectures, batteries, compressed and cryogenic liquid hydrogen storage systems, test facility for hydrogen Transport • Low emission ICE, integrated powertrain hybrid system, CNG engines, hydrogen Infrastructure, integration of active and preventive safety, driver behaviour, mobility in urban areas, predictive goods transport efficiency, product life cycle simulation
Interior Carbine Protection Advanced Safety Functions coming to the Market • Collision Avoidance Systems: • Blind Spot detection • Distance Keeping with Active Braking
Integrated Safety Program: Direction for the Future • Next Generation Autonomous Safety On-board Systems: • Lower cost, higher integration, improved reliability and accuracy • Larger penetration and better safety impact. • Driver: Behavioural studies, Models • Cooperative systems: Vehicle - Vehicle - Infrastructure • System approach and building • Allocation of equipment and investment (vehicle vs infrastructure) • Cost/benefit - Operational business case • Phased time schedule for deployment