Asking questions WH- questionsYes-No questions
ASL and Facial grammar • In conversation, English speakers listen to the tone and rise and fall of your voice (intonation). These variations add meaning to the message. • InASL, these variations are shown by facial and body expression. The raised eyebrow, the tilted head, shape of the mouth, etc. shape the meaning of what the signer is saying.
Non-manual signals • These variations in ASL are called: • a) non-manual signals or NMS • b) Non manual grammatical signals or NMGS (another name). • Mastery of ASL cannot occur without mastery of facial grammar!
Non-manual signals (NMS) are essential when asking questions in ASL but not all questions are signed the same way! • Two major question forms in ASL are: • WH – QUESTIONS • YES – NO QUESTIONS
WH - QUESTIONS • Who? How-many? • What? How-much? • When? What-time? • Where? How-old? • Why? What’s-up? • How? • Which?
WH - QUESTIONS • Wh-questions in ASL MUST be accompanied by the following non-manual signals: • - Eyebrows lowered • - Eyes narrowed • - Head tilt • **Last sign in question is held, waiting for response.
WH- QUESTIONS • In ASL, the WH-question is often located at the END of the sentence. • YOUR ASL TEACHERWHO?(English: Who is your ASL teacher?) • SCHOOL YOU GOWHERE?(English: Where do you go to school?)
YOUR NAMEWHAT?(English: What is your name?) • CLASS BEGINWHAT-TIME?(English: What time does the class begin?) • BATHROOM WHERE? • (English: Where’s the bathroom?)
YES-NO QUESTIONS • Yes-No questions in ASL are questions that when asked, are responded to by either a “yes” or a “no” answer. • Examples: “Are you a student?” “Yes” “Do you have your paper?” “No” “Have you finished eating?” “Yes”
Yes-No Questions in ASL require these non-manual signals: • Eyebrows raised • Head tilt • Eye contact made with the person being asked the question • **The last sign in the question is held, waiting for a response.
Wh-Q and Yes-No Question dialogue • Wh-QResponse: • YOUR NAME WHAT? MY NAME _______ • YES-NO Q • STUDENT YOU? YES, ME STUDENT • Wh-Q • TEACHER WHERE? (point) • YES-NO Q • DEAF YOU?` NO, ME HEARING