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  1. Asking Questions Bridget Green Grammar MFWI 2007

  2. Asking Questions There are two kinds of questions in English: • Yes/No questions • Information questions

  3. Like this… Yes/No questions: Are you happy? Yes, I am. Information questions: Why are you happy? I’m happy because I love studying grammar. Yes/No questions have a ‘rising’ intonation. Information questions have a ‘falling’ intonation.

  4. How to Make Yes/No Questions Statements: • She is reading. • We can talk. • I haven’t eaten today. What is the subject? What is the verb? There are two parts to the verb. What are they?

  5. Making yes/no questions withAUXILIARY VERBS auxiliary verb main verb Sheisreading. Ihaveeaten today. Wecantalk.

  6. Four Kinds of Auxiliaries • BE • HAVE This is not the verb have. This is the auxiliary have. • MODALS will, can, may, must, should, would main verb auxiliary verb (I have a dog.) I have eaten.

  7. How to Make Yes/No Questions Sheis reading. Isshe reading? This is called an inversion! Inversion of the auxiliary and the subject

  8. Questions Wecan talk. Canwe talk? An inversion!

  9. Questions Ihaven’t eaten today. Haven’tyou eaten today? To learn more about inversion, look in your book An A-Z of English Grammar! What is this called?!

  10. Auxiliary 2: HAVE Remember: This is not the verb have. This is the auxiliary have. I have a dog. I have eaten.

  11. What’s the question? Auxiliary 1: BE • with an adjective or a NP Sheisfunny. She is a doctor. Is she funny? Is she a doctor Yes, she is. Yes, she is. • with V+ing ( BE + V + ing). • They are studying English. • Are they studying English? • Yes, they are. • with the past participle ( BE + V + ed). • This car was made in Japan. • Was this car made in Japan? • Yes, it was.

  12. What’s the question? Auxiliary 2: HAVE • with the past participle I have seen that movie. Have you seen that movie? They had finished the test by 1:30. Had they finished the test by 1:30? He hasbeen living in Tokyo. Has he been living in Tokyo? (HAVE + V + ed) (HAD + V + ed) (HAVE + been + V + ing)

  13. What’s the question? Auxiliary 3: Modals • with the verb (modal + V) I can swim. Can you swim? He would like a cup of coffee. Would he like a cup of coffee? We should study more. Should we study more? Modals will can could may + V might must would should

  14. But… My sister loves dogs. Loves my sister dogs? WHERE IS THE AUXILIARY?

  15. Use do/does or did. When there’s no auxiliary… Q: _______________? A: Yes, she loves dogs. My sister loves dogs. s Q: Does your sister love dogs?

  16. In the past…. I watched Marley and Me. Q: ______________________? A: Yes, I watched it! Did you watch it ed short answer: Yes, I did.

  17. The fourthauxiliary 1. BE 2. HAVE 3. MODALS 4. DO inversion Add do, does, or did + S V

  18. Be careful! Is HAVE a main verb or an auxiliary verb? She has a sister. She has been to Osaka. If it’s a main verb, use do/doesordid+ S + V. If it’s an auxiliary verb, use an inversion: Does she have a sister? Has she been to Osaka? Main verb Auxiliary verb

  19. Try again… I have a dog. _____________________? Have you a dog? I have eaten sushi. _____________________? Do you have eaten sushi? Main verb Auxiliary verb

  20. Main verb or auxiliary verb? If it’s a main verb: main If it’s an auxiliary verb: aux • We have a lot of homework. • She has done her best. • They have worked hard. • I haven’t seen it. main aux aux aux What are the questions?

  21. What are the questions? • Do we have a lot of homework? • Has she done her best? • Have they worked hard? • Haven’t you seen it?

  22. Can you remember? How do you make yes or no questions in English? Inversion of subject and auxiliary! BE, HAVE, MODALS, or DO

  23. Positive Questions • Do you like natto? Yes, I do. (= I like natto.) No, I don’t. (= I don’t like natto.)

  24. Negative Questions • Don’t you like natto? Yes, I do. (= I like natto.) No, I don’t. (= I don’t like natto.)

  25. Positive or Negative Questions in English… • Do you like natto? • Don’t you like natto? Different questions, same answer. Yes, I do. (= I like natto.) No, I don’t. (= I don’t like natto.)

  26. Positive or Negative Questionsin Japanese… Different questions, different answers. Do you like natto? Don’t you like natto? Hai. (= I like natto.) Ie. (= I don’t like natto.) Ie. (= I do like natto.) Hai. (= I don’t like natto.)

  27. Positive or Negative Questionsin English… Different questions, same answers. Do you like natto? Don’t you like natto? Yes. (= I like natto.) No. (= I don’t like natto.) Yes. (= I do like natto.) No. (= I don’t like natto.)

  28. Practice • Do you like Commons food? Yummy! Yucky! No. (= I don’t like Commons food.) Yes. (= I like Commons food.)

  29. Practice • Don’t you like Commons food? Yummy! Yucky! No. (= I don’t like Commons food.) Yes. (= I like Commons food.)

  30. Negative Questions • Aren’t you happy? I’m sad! I’m happy! No. (= I am not happy.) Yes. (= I am happy.)

  31. Negative Questions • Haven’t you been to Disneyland? Never! Last year! Yes. (= Yes,I have been there.) No. (=No, I’ve never been there.)

  32. No. Yes. Yes or No? • Don’t you like natto? ______ (It’s good.) • Haven’t you seen that movie? ______ (I haven’t.) • Wouldn’t you like to go? ______ (I would.) • Can’t he speak English? ______ (He speaks English well!) • Wasn’t she on the swim team? ______ (She swam for 3 years.)

  33. Tag Questions Yummy! You like natto, don’t you? -  Yes, I do. It’s good. This is called a ‘tag question’. It goes at the end of a sentence. Answer just like any other question.

  34. Tag Questions Yummy! You don’t like natto, do you? -  Yes, I do. It’s good. ‘Tag questions’ can also be negative.

  35. Practice Tag Questions • You like sushi, ___________? No, ____________ • He has seen that movie, ___________? Yes, _______ • You’d like to go ___________? No, ____________ • They can speak French, ___________? Yes, _________ • She was on the track team, ___________? No, _______

  36. Tag Questions • They don’t like natto, ___________? No, ____________ • We haven’t seen that movie, ___________? Yes, _______ • He isn’t going to be late, _________? No, ___________ • We can’t speak French, _________? Yes, _________ • She wasn’t on the volleyball team, _______? No, ______

  37. HOMEWORK? • Write one grammar card for yes/no questions. • Write one grammar card for negative, positive and tag questions. • Do the homework handout. Bring it to class next week. • Be careful! I will check your homework at the beginning of class. Have it ready!