thematic roles l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Thematic Roles PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Thematic Roles

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 17

Thematic Roles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 491 Views
  • Uploaded on

Thematic Roles . Sara sang the song. Agent Kim drank a coffee. Patient Sally gave Tom her pullover . Theme. Thematic Roles. Susi gave her the bag . She likes candles.  Experiencer They protected their heads with helmets. Instrument Megan prepared lunch for her grandmother.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Thematic Roles' - paul


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
thematic roles
Thematic Roles

Sara sang the song.

  • Agent

Kim drank a coffee.

  • Patient

Sally gave Tom her pullover.

Theme

thematic roles2
Thematic Roles

Susi gave her the bag.

She likes candles.

 Experiencer

They protected their heads with helmets.

  • Instrument

Megan prepared lunch for her grandmother.

  • Beneficiary
thematic roles3
Thematic Roles

He donated $2000 to the orphanage.

 Recipient

The computer is on the table.

  • Location

They went to the cinema.

She handed the paper to her professor.

Goal

thematic roles4
ThematicRoles

She received a letter from her boyfriend.

 Source

linking

Linking

Definition: The term linking refers to the relationship between thematic roles and grammatical relations.

Agent Recipient Theme

John gave Tom the bottle.

Subject indirect object direct object

the theta hierachy

The theta hierachy

In an unmarked declarative sentence, the highest ranked thematic role will be subject.

Agent > instrument / experiencer > patient / theme > source / goal / location

agens gef lle

Agens-Gefälle

Intransitive verbs:

unergative verbs: take an agent subject

-unaccusative verbs: take a patient subject

A sentence can only be passivised if there is a difference between subject and object on the theta-hierachy.

Peter schreibt Kurzgeschichten.

Kurzgeschichten werden von Peter geschrieben.

passive transformation
Passive transformation

1) Demotion of the subject to an adjunct introduced by by / von

2) Promotion of the object (and adverbial NP) to subject status

3) Introduction of an auxiliary verb:

English be or get / German (mostly) werden. (German also knows more marginal auxiliaries: bekommen, sein, bleiben, gehören.)

e.g. The car ran over a dog. > A dog was/got run over by the car.

Man verlieh dem Soldaten einen Orden.

> Dem Soldaten wurde ein Orden verliehen.

(alternatively: > Der Soldat bekam einen Orden verliehen.)

slide11
Semantic prerequisite for the passive:

a patient!

That means, the subject must have been affected by the relevant event,

or in other terms

subject and object must have different levels on the theta-hierarchy (Agensgefälle).

slide12
In German, a formal difference is made between

Vorgangspassiv Er wurde (vom Blitz) getroffen.

and

Zustandspassiv Er war (wie vom Blitz) getroffen.

slide13
Only English allows for passivization of imperatives:

e.g. Don’t get bitten by snakes!

(German: *Werde nicht von Schlangen gebissen!

> Lass dich nicht von Schlangen beißen!)

slide14
Only German allows for passivization of intransitives:

e.g. In den Fluren wird nicht gerannt! (subjectless)

(English: Running is not allowed in the corridors.)

slide15
German allows for dative case in subject position:

e.g. Ihm wurde gedankt.

(No oblique case in English:

*Him was thanked. > He was thanked.)

slide16
This is due to the fact that in German, dative case is not restricted to the indirect object in ditransitives, but also occurs with certain verbs:

e.g. Ihm wird vertraut.

Ihr wird gratuliert.

Ihnen wird geglaubt.