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Shifting Our Focus from Teaching to Student Learning Why do we need to consider changing the way we think about student PowerPoint Presentation
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Shifting Our Focus from Teaching to Student Learning Why do we need to consider changing the way we think about student

Shifting Our Focus from Teaching to Student Learning Why do we need to consider changing the way we think about student

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Shifting Our Focus from Teaching to Student Learning Why do we need to consider changing the way we think about student

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  1. Shifting Our Focus from Teaching to Student LearningWhy do we need to consider changing the way we think about student learning? Connie Kopcsak Whitfield County Schools Dalton, Georgia

  2. Agenda for J. Frank White Academy • World Café • Review agenda and E. Q. • “Shift Happens” • Reflections • Levels of Engagement • Qwizdom assessment • Research-based practices • Engagement survey

  3. Essential Question How can we make our current lessons more engaging?

  4. What is Learning-Focused? • Framework for thinking about, planning, and delivering instruction using exemplary practices with a focus on learning • Research-based instructional practices

  5. Learning-Focused Paradigm: WHETHER students learn something well is more important thanWHEN they learn it. Current Typical School Paradigm: WHEN students learn something is more important than WHETHER they learn it well.

  6. Strategies That Most Impact Achievement (Marzano / ASCD, 2001 US Department of Education: 2002) Overview 13

  7. Components of an Acquisition Lesson • Essential Question • Activating Strategies • Vocabulary Strategies • Teaching Strategies • Summarizing Strategies

  8. Typical Lessons for Coverage What Is The Objective Of The Lesson ?? Preparation Massed Guided Practice Closure Active Teaching Acquisition Lessons 3

  9. Acquisition Lessons for Learning What Is The Essential Question Of The Lesson ?? Activating/ Previewing Distributed Guided Practice or Distributed Summarizing Summarize & Answer Essential Question Teaching Strategies Acquisition Lessons 4

  10. Let’s summarize what we learned… Numbered heads Find a neighbor beside you and decide who is #1 and who is #2. (You have 20 seconds to find your partner!)

  11. # 1 Tell #2 something new you have considered or thought about this morning regarding instruction. #2 Raise your hand when you have your partner’s answer.

  12. #2 Tell # 1 one thing that you have learned this morning. #1 Raise your hand when you have your partner’s answer.

  13. Components of an Acquisition Lesson • Essential Question • Activating Strategies • Vocabulary Strategies • Teaching Strategies • Summarizing Strategies

  14. Concepts or skills in the form of questions Purpose: Sets the focus of the lesson. Helps teacher gather evidence of learning (assessment). What Is An Essential Question? Key Points • Posted in the classroom. • There is only one essential question in a lesson. • Organize courses, units, & lessons around questions; the content of lessons answers the questions. • Based on curriculum • Allocate time to answer Acquisition Lessons 19

  15. Writing An Essential Question • Make the teaching objective a question. • Students should be able to answer the question at the end of the lesson. • What questions will foster further inquiry understanding and transfer of learning? • Write the question for the lesson and then, if necessary, rewrite the question for the students. • Question cannot be answered with yes or no. • Create connections for the learner with the content. • Be careful of questions connected by “and”. • Keep it simple! Acquisition Lessons 23

  16. Essential Questions … • What is foreshadowing? • How does foreshadowing help you understand a story? • What forces contributed to the structure of earth’s surface? • How do you graph linear equations? • What is the difference between least common multiple and greatest common factor ? Acquisition Lessons 20 & 21

  17. Unit Essential Question Lesson Essential Questions

  18. Let’s summarize what we learned… On your board, answer the following: What is the purpose of having an Essential Question (E. Q.) for your lessons?

  19. Components of an Acquisition Lesson • Essential Question • Activating Strategies • Vocabulary Strategies • Teaching Strategies • Summarizing Strategies

  20. Activating • What? • Hook and link • Why? • Activate prior knowledge • Motivate • Preview key vocabulary • Prepare for learning

  21. -K- Think I Know… -W- Think I’ll Learn… -L- I Learned… -K- I Know -L- Learned -W- Think I Know KWL Outlines KWL Outline 1 KWL Outline 2 Activating Strategies 4-10

  22. Wordsplash Leaves Vegetables Roots Plants Water Green Stem Flowers Trees Sun Activating Strategies 11-12

  23. Anticipation Guide _________ _________ __________ _________ _________ • The sequence tells you the order of a story. • The middle comes before the end. • The sequence of a passage tells the reader what comes last but not what is first. • The sequence of a story tells you the beginnings, middle and end. • You can sequence settings in a story. Activating Strategies 13-16

  24. Me Text Statement ___ ___ 1. The Democratic Party is the oldest in the United States. ___ ___ 2. A political party is a social gathering held for a bunch of politicians. ___ ___ 3. Because all presidents have primarily been elected by two major political parties, the United States is said to have a two-party system. ___ ___ 4. Party members usually share the same beliefs about politics and about the role of government. ___ ___ 5. The Whigs were a political party that required the long white hair wigs but when men wearing wigs went out of style, they disbanded.

  25. Brainstorm EQ: How do I get ready for the beginning of school? First Day of School Activating Strategies 17- 21

  26. Draw a Picture or Diagram EQ: How do I identify points on a grid? Draw a picture of how to get to school from your house. Activating Strategies 22

  27. Activating Strategies • Recall • Make Predictions • Game • Humor or Mystery • Exploration or Experience • Role Play or Simulation • Video clip, Music, Literature, Art

  28. Let’s summarize what we learned… Numbered heads #1 Tell #2 about one of the activating strategies you could use in your classroom next week, or share an activating strategy that has been successful in your classroom #2 Raise your hand when you have your partner’s answer.

  29. #2 Tell #1 about an activating strategy that you have used or could use. #1 Raise your hand when you have your partner’s answer.

  30. Components of an Acquisition Lesson • Essential Question • Activating Strategies • Vocabulary Strategies • Teaching Strategies • Summarizing Strategies

  31. Teaching • What? • Cognitive strategies • Why? • Mentally engage the learner while taking into consideration attention span • Organize information • Store information

  32. Collaborative Pairs • Collaborative Pairs is the base grouping and organizational tool for a classroom… It is hard to get lost in a pair. • Research-Based Principles of Learning: Learning is constructed by the learner and is first a social activity before it is a cognitive activity. • Actively engages students in the lessons. • Students are individually accountable for their own learning. • Collaborative Pairs are used extensively in large group acquisition lessons. • Basic Strategy for Collaborative Pairs: Numbered Heads Acquisition Lessons 24

  33. Pairs Checking A. Circle numbers. B. Each student does their own work. C. When they complete a circled number, stop. Check answers with partner. If agree, go on. If not, correct then continue. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Acquisition Lessons 25

  34. Lecture/Large Group Lessons • 1’s read about the lecture types on page 29. • 2’s read about the lecture types on page 30. • Share what you learned with your partner. Acquisition Lessons 29-30

  35. Graphic Organizers Understand/Manage Learning Graphic Organizers for Comprehension Organize Information/Ideas Follow Steps in a Process Chunk Information Improve memory Build Connections Explore Relationships Graphic Organizers 4

  36. Effects of Using Organizers “The average student studying with the aid of graphic organizers and thinking maps learns as much as the 90th percentile student studying the same material without the assistance of the organizing ideas.” Wahlberg, 1991

  37. Fish Bone (Cause/Effect) Causes Economic Geographic Effect World War II Military Social- Political Causes Graphic Organizers 8

  38. Cause and Effect – Physical Education

  39. Graphic Organizers 12

  40. Graphic Organizers 12

  41. Cycle Graph– Shooting a Basketball Graphic Organizers 13

  42. Graphic Organizers 16

  43. Compare and Contrast Diagram Concept: FRACTION Concept:DECIMAL How Alike? How Different? With Regard To: Denominator Converting Denominators Changing to Percentage Graphic Organizers 14

  44. Story Matrix Structure 1 2 3 Setting Problem Choices Ending Graphic Organizers 25

  45. Matrix for Summarizing & Writing

  46. Topic Tower TOPIC Detail Detail Detail Detail Main Idea Aesop’s Fables Aesop’s Fables have a moral It is said that Aesop was a slave in Greece long, long ago. Aesop was smart. There is no proof he wrote down fables- he told others. Main Idea – Aesop was responsible for the fables Main Idea