LEGISLATIVE HIERARCHY . 03 PILLARS OF THE STATE – PROCESS OF LAW MAKING AND ENFORCEMENT. ELECTED MEMBERS IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY. PRESIDENT. EXECUTIVE. LAW. GENERAL PUBLIC. SENATE. ELECTED MEMBERS BY PROVINCIAL ASSEMBLIES. JUDICIARY. INTRODUCTION.
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ELECTED MEMBERS IN THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
ELECTED MEMBERS BY PROVINCIAL ASSEMBLIES
Provincial Inspectorates of Mines are the attached Departments of Mines & Minerals Department. They have multi dimension charter of duties to perform. The principle function is the enforcement of laws applicable over mine. The perspective has therefore focused on various facets of the activities of Inspectorate.
Law is a set of rules of society which lay down standards of human conduct. It defines rights and duties of the members of society. It emphasizes about certain acts to be performed and forbids others.
The supreme law of the country is called the constitution. The affairs of Pakistan are run under the constitution of Pakistan 1973 (duly amended and up-dated).
Mines Act, 1923 is a Federal Legislative frame-work empowering the Provincial Governments to make Rules and Regulations for their respective Provinces for different categories of mines. The Act ibid. emanates from the constitution which provides for “Regulation of Labour and Safety in Mines. Therefore, its hierarchy and implications at various levels need to be understood by each.
Consolidated Mine Rules 1952
These are set of laws sub-ordinate to Act concerning the condition of employment; health, sanitary and welfare aspects of personnel employed at mines. They are, therefore, common to all types of mines.
They are laws subordinate to Mines Act framed by respective province governing the working condition of particulars mineral or group of minerals. Currently they are classified into two groups i.e. Coal Mine Regulations 1926 (CMR) and Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 1926 (MMR).
Application for Laws in Mines and Quarries
Coal/Metalliferous Regulations are applicable on all types of mines and quarries other than Radio Active; Oil and Gas Fields.
When the express provision of law is not sufficient to protect safety in mines; the Inspectors or Chief Inspector can make their own law and require the mine management to adopt immediate remedial measures.
Hierarchy of Responsibility
Punishment are defined for various offenses committed by Mine Owners; Agent or any other person under their control which may extend from Rs.200/- to rigorous imprisonment.
Importance of ‘S’ in Safety (elimination of dangers)
No owner, agent and manager shall:-
The Manager shall appoint a competent person:-
The person incharge of magazine shall keep:-
No blasting shall be done when the:-
any gallery unless:-
When a shot has mis-fired charge
of explosive has been blasted out:-