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Answers to Movie Questions: Gandhi Introduction: Assassination and Funeral Where and when does the assassination of Gandhi occur? New Delhi, India January 30 th , 1948

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Introduction assassination and funeral l.jpg
Introduction: Assassination and Funeral

  • Where and when does the assassination of Gandhi occur?

    • New Delhi, India

    • January 30th, 1948

  • Who said about Gandhi that, “Generations to come will scare believe that such a one as this ever in flesh and blood walked upon this earth”?

    • Albert Einstein

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Welcome to South Africa

  • When and where does the movie pick up the story of Gandhi’s biography?

    • South Africa in 1893

  • In what city did Gandhi study law?

    • London

  • Why was Gandhi thrown off the train?

    • No colored people in first class, Apartheid Laws

  • What Empire is South Africa part of?

    • British

  • Are Indians allowed to walk on the sidewalks in South Africa?

    • No

  • Why were Hindu Indians brought to South Africa?

    • Pick the crops from the field and dig in the mines

  • How did Gandhi say he would fight the pass law?

    • Civil Disobedience (politely refusing to follow laws that were unjust)

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First Protest

  • How many people did Gandhi expect to show up to his first protest meeting and about how many showed up?

    • 1000s, not many

  • Why was Gandhi protesting the pass law?

    • Discrimination against Indians

    • White British citizens did not need the passes, but brown and black British citizens did

  • Why was Gandhi beaten by the police at the demonstration?

    • He refused to stop burning the passes

  • Why was the media interested in Gandhi’s demonstration?

    • Classic story of David and Goliath

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Out of Prison

  • What were the extent of Gandhi’s injuries from his first beating?

    • Broken Jaw

  • Charley Andrews came from India to South Africa for what purpose?

    • Helping Gandhi fight against the Apartheid Laws

  • What biblical reasoning did Gandhi give for not moving off of the sidewalk and walking into a confrontation?

    • Turn the other cheek

  • Who saved him from being beaten up?

    • The hooligan’s mother

  • Were the pass laws changed to become more or less strict?

    • More Strict

  • Who is Mr. Walker?

    • A reporter from the New York Times

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  • How does Gandhi respond when Mr. Walker asks him if he is going to respect the new pass law?

    • Gandhi cannot follow an unjust law

  • What was the purpose of the Ashram?

    • For everyone to live as equals

  • What does Gandhi and his wife argue about?

    • Her having to clean toilets

  • What aspect of Gandhi’s character is the director trying to show in the scene between Gandhi and his wife?

    • He is not perfect

    • He is very focused on his cause

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The Meeting about the new Pass Law

24. What were some of the characteristics of South Africa’s new Pass Law?

  • Fingerprints

  • Police could come into house to check passes

  • How does Gandhi ask the Indians to fight against the South Africans at the meeting?

    • Civil Disobedience and no violence

  • What national anthem did they sing to end the meeting?

    • British

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    The First Protest

    • What did Gandhi and the mineworkers do when the police horses charged at them?

      • They lied down on the road

    • What did many of Mr. Andrews’s church members do when he praised Gandhi for battling against an unjust law?

      • They walked out

    • Who was working in the mines and fields for the white South African owners during the strike that Gandhi organized?

      • No one

    • What did the overcrowding in the prison and lack of mine workers force the South African government to do with Gandhi?

      • Give in to his protests, let the Indians out of prison

    • What did General Smuts agree to do about the law restricting the freedom of Indians?

      • Repeal the Law (end it)

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    Re-Discovering India

    • Why is Gandhi dressed so differently?

      • To dress like the regular peasant Indians

    • What does Gandhi say about his support of World War I?

      • He supports it

    • Why was Gandhi treated like a hero on his return to India?

      • He stood up to British discrimination in South Africa

    • Upon Gandhi’s return to India, what country was governing India?

      • Britain

    • While Gandhi was at the gathering of wealthy Indian leaders, did any of them seem to advocate violence in order to gain Indian independence?

      • Yes

    • What was the purpose of Gandhi’s train trip across India?

      • Re-discover his country

    • What seemed to be the general economic situation of India that Gandhi witnessed on this travels?

      • Poverty

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    Congress Party Convention

    • What do the three Indian politicians want to demand at a party convention?

      • Home Rule

    • When Gandhi began his speech, not many were paying attention. What did he say that got everyone to quiet down and listen?

      • Equality, Liberty, Democracy

    • What was the message of Gandhi’s speech at the party convention?

      • Non-violent civil disobedience with corrupt British rules

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    Gandhi Goes to the Village Champaran

    • What did the soldiers tell Gandhi to do immediately after he got off the train?

      • Threaten arrest him

    • What were the British landlords refusing to give the villagers until the Indians paid their rent in cash?

      • Food and water

    • Why was Gandhi arrested?

      • Disturbing the Peace

    • What sport were the British playing?

      • Cricket

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    Gandhi in Prison

    • At this point in the movie, how many different times has it been shown that Gandhi is thrown in jail?

      • Third

    • Why is Gandhi barely dressed?

      • To show his solidarity (support) for the peasants

    • Why does Gandhi ask Charley Andrews to go to Fiji?

      • The movement for equality has to be handled by Indians

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    Gandhi in Court

    • On what grounds was Gandhi ordered out of the poor villagers’ province?

      • Disturbing the peace

    • Why did the judge have to decide not to send Gandhi to jail or fine him?

      • He feared a disturbance by the 1000s of supporters of Gandhi

    • What did the four young rich Indian men (who laughed at Gandhi a few months earlier) wish to do?

      • Help him with the movement

    • What did the British Viceroy order the landlords of the village to do?

      • Pay back rents

      • Let them grow whatever crops they want

      • An investigation of living conditions

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    Meeting with “Home Rule” Leaders

    53. What were the new British restrictions being placed on India that they were meeting to discuss how to respond to?

    • Search without a warrant

    • Arrest any one with papers or books discussing the end of British rule in India

      54. What response to the restrictions did Gandhi offer?

    • A day of prayer and fasting (no eating)

    • No one works

    • The British controlled economy of India stops

  • Were the British leaders concerned about the protest?

    • Not in the beginning

  • What was their decision on how to deal with Gandhi and the protest?

    • When the protests were successful, the government had Gandhi arrested

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    Massacre of Amritsyn

    • Gandhi is in prison again. At this point in the movie, how many times has he been jailed?

    • How many causalities (dead and seriously wounded) were there in the lesson the General intended to have an impact throughout all of India?

      • 1516 with 1650 bullets fired

    • Did the General realize he was slaughtering women and children?

      • Yes

    • Did the British government support the General’s actions?

      • No

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    Answers to Gandhi QuestionsPart II (61 to 109)

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    Meeting to discuss the Massacre with British Officials

    • After the massacre, what does Gandhi tell the British it is time for them to do?

      • Leave (“Walk out”)

    • What religious minority in India does the British official claim his government is protecting?

      • Muslims

    • What method does Gandhi intend to use in order to force the British out of India?

      • Civil Disobedience

      • Non-violent, non-cooperation

    • When the British officials were meeting in private, what was their general response to Gandhi’s message to them?

      • To laugh at it

      • Not taking it seriously

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    Burning the British Clothes

    • What is “homespun”?

      • Cloth made in the house (like before the industrial revolution)

    • What was the purpose of Gandhi asking the people to burn their British clothes and make their own?

      • Stop giving the British their money

      • Boycott

    • Who is Mirabel?

      • Mirabel - The daughter of a British navy admiral who becomes a follower of Gandhi

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    Hindu v. Muslim Conflict

    • What religion were the soldiers beating the marchers?

      • Muslims (Islam)

    • What religion were the marchers?

      • Hindus

    • What does Gandhi say is the result of the kind of justice that takes an eye for an eye?

      • It makes the whole world blind

    • Gandhi’s advisor’s tell him he is the father of the nation. In the aftermath of the riot, what is Gandhi’s response to their comments?

      • Shame

    • What does Gandhi do in order to stop the rioting and violent marches?

      • Fasting – Not Eating

    • Did the people of India heed Gandhi’s call to stop the protests and demonstrations?

      • Yes

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    The First Long Fast

    • What did Gandhi say has always happened to tyrants and dictators all through history?

      • They always fall

    • Why did Gandhi say that he might have over done it with his long fast?

      • The protesters were giving the British soldiers flowers

    • After Gandhi stopped the rioting with his fast, how did the British government reward him?

      • Arrested him (sent him to jail)

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    In Court Again

    • What penalty does Gandhi ask the court to give him?

      • The maximum

    • For how many years is Gandhi sentenced to prison?

      • Six

    • What action does the judge take to demonstrate his sympathy for Gandhi and his methods?

      • He stood when Gandhi stood

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    Gandhi’s Out of Prison

    • Who showed up to see Gandhi that knew him from his work many years earlier in South Africa?

      • The New York Times, Mr. Walker

    • How old was Gandhi when he married his wife?

      • 13

    • During his childhood, in what religion was Gandhi raised?

      • Hindu

    • What is the big protest that Gandhi is planning?

      • The March to the Sea (to make salt)

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    The March to the Sea

    • In what way is Gandhi breaking the law by making salt?

      • The British forbid Indians to make salt

    • How are the British planning to respond to Gandhi’s March to the Sea?

      • In the beginning, they planned to ignore it

    • What anniversary is Gandhi planning on arriving at the sea to make salt?

      • Amritsar

    • Who does Gandhi say is in control of the situation in India?

      • He is in control

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    Results of the Salt Protest

    • Did the British continue to ignore the salt making protest?

      • No, they started arresting everyone

    • During the protest demonstrations was there any violence on the part of the British?

      • Yes

    • During the protest demonstrations was there any violence on the part of the Indians?

      • No

    • Gandhi planned to block the entrance to a Salt making factory. What did the British do to him?

      • Arrested

    • Did the protest continue on without Gandhi?

      • Yes

    • According to the report of Mr. Walker, how long did the protesters continue to walk four at a time into the beatings?

      • All day and night

    • Who did Mr. Walker declare victory for in the aftermath of the protest, India or the British?

      • Indians

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    Discussions of the Independence of India

    • Why did the British finally decide to enter into discussions of Indian independence with Gandhi?

      • They could not control 350 million Indians any longer

      • World opinion shifted against the British

    • What British city did Gandhi go to for the meetings?

      • London

    • Gandhi was thinking ahead to when the British would finally leave India. On what terms did he want to part with them?

      • As friends

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    World War II

    • At the train station, Gandhi was going to make a speech in which he would voice his opposition to the British involvement in World War II. What was the response of the British to this?

      • Arrest him

    • At his point in the movie, how many times has Gandhi been jailed?

      • South Africa – pass demonstration

      • South Africa – for not carrying the pass on a second occasion

      • Indian Village for disturbing the peace

      • After the fast to stop the violence caused by the massacre of Amritsar (for six years)

      • For making salt

      • To stop an anti war speech about WWII

    • What aspect of India’s coming independence is Gandhi worried about?

      • Muslim – Hindu violence

    • What happened to Gandhi’s wife while imprisoned under house arrest?

      • She died of a heart attack

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    Division of India

    • When Gandhi stops the car to engage the protestors, what religions does he say he is?

      • Muslim, Hindu, Sikh, Christian, and Jew

    • What compromise did Gandhi offer to the Muslims to keep India undivided?

      • The Muslims could control the government

    • Were his Hindu advisors willing to support Gandhi’s compromise?

      • No

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    The British Leave

    • In what year did the British finally leave India?

      • 1947

    • Why were so many people traveling along the newly formed India – Pakistan border?

      • Hindus were leaving Pakistan

      • Muslims were leaving India

      • It was a mass migration to escape religious persecution and ethnic conflict

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    The Last Fast

    • What action does Gandhi take to try to bring about peace between the Hindus and Muslims?

      • Fast

    • What does Gandhi tell the Hindu who murdered a child is his way out of hell?

      • Raise a Muslim child as a Muslim

    • Who shoots Gandhi, a Hindu or a Muslim?

      • Strict Hindus considered Gandhi a traitor to his faith and his people

      • For this he was assassinated