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Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED

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  1. Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED

  2. Defining Sustainability • United Nations World Commission on Environment and Development • “Development that meets the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

  3. Defining Green Buildings • Design and construction practices that significantly reduce, or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and its occupants with regard to site planning; safeguarding water use and water use efficiency; promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy; conserving materials and resources; and promoting indoor environmental quality.” (US Green Building Council)

  4. Construction Impacts • 76 million residential buildings in US • 5 million commercial buildings in US • consume 40 % or raw materials • 32% total energy produced • 17% fresh water • 25% global wood harvest • 5 billion gals water/day just for toilets • generates • 25-40% of municipal solid waste from C&D • 50% of US CFC production • 30% of US CO2 production

  5. Building Operations Impacts • 49% of Sulfur Dioxide emissions • 25% nitrous oxide emissions • 10% of all particulate matter • 1/3 of all energy consumption in US • 2/3 of all electricity consumption in US • disturbs natural habitats • contaminates air, soil, and water • depletes non-renewable resources • ½ of greenhouse gases • 35% of carbon dioxide emissions • community issues • occupant issues • sources: “The Architecture of Sustainability, 2002”, World Watch Institute, USGBC

  6. Institution Building Commissioning Air Quality Occupants productivity and well being Energy Conservation Water Conservation Storm Water Management Waste Management Local & State Standards & Programs Green ethics / commitment Research and Grant opportunities Being a leader (as it should) Responsibility to show importance Competitive advantage (ie – recruiting) Institutional community demand Great public relations Key Issues and Benefits

  7. Energy Water Wastewater Reduced Waste Improved Indoor Environmental Quality Greater Employee Comfort/Productivity Reduced Employee Health Costs Lower Operation and Maintenance Costs Competitive First Costs Through integrated design & synergies Increased Value & ROI Marketing Advantage Reduced Liability Improve Risk Management Insurance costs Overall Financial Benefits

  8. Overall Financial Benefits • Financial Benefits of a Green Building equate to $50-$70 SF over lifetime • Over 10X return on any premium cost associated with building it over lifetime Source: USGBC

  9. Air Quality • Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) – effect the contents of the inside air has on a structure and its occupants • People spend 90% of their time indoors • Indoor air has 10-100X higher pollutants than outdoor air • USEPA “Indoor Air Quality” Jan, 6 2003

  10. Energy Conservation • US uses 25% of world energy but only has 5% of population & 95% of our energy is from fossil fuels (US Energy Information Administration) • Higher Education - $2 Billion/year on energy (American School & University) • Most can reduce by up to 30% - savings can be used on: • New faculty • Upgrades/renovations for more savings • New programs

  11. Water Conservation • USA uses 340 billion gallons of fresh water per day • Nearly 65% is discharged into waterways • Energy Policy Act of 1992 • Facilities can easily reduce use by 20-30% with little cost and effort • Water & Sewer Bills • Connection Fees & Tax Base

  12. Occupants Well Being and Productivity • Relationship exists between worker comfort/productivity and building design/operation • Hidden sick days – higher absenteeism, respiratory ailments, allergies, asthma = lower productivity, higher insurance and medical costs • A 1% increase in productivity (about 5 minutes per day) equals $600-700 per employee per year - a ^1.5% equals about $1,000/yr • (Katz 2003 study)

  13. Mythology About First Costs • Common Perception when we started was +20-30% • Past & Current Trend • Recent Studies • Average Premium <2% or $3-$5 SF • Most of cost associated with increased architectural and engineering design, time, modeling and integration time • Earlier you integrate the lower the cost

  14. Mythology About First Costs • Source: USGBC, Capital E Analysis

  15. Mythology About First Costs • Another recent study has shown the following average increase in project construction costs, on a percentage basis for LEED certification. • Certified 0 – 2.5% • Silver 0 – 3.3% • Gold 0.3 – 5.0% • Platinum 4.5 – 8.5% • Start Early – Save Costs • Source: Sasaki Associates 2004

  16. Mythology About First Costs • Building green can be done for no additional cost • Initial premium costs are entirely up to you and project specific • LEED buildings average only a 2-3% increase in costs, but can be done for the same budget as traditional buildings with planning • Savings from green building’s more than return any premium you may choose to put into it • Design Fees will be higher but construction costs may be reduced • Set Budget first then work fees within framework

  17. General Mythologies • Appearance of Green Buildings • You design it to look how you want. It can easily match traditional campus design or not. • Carpet, furniture and windows do not have to look different. They can look like traditional ones only they perform better and are healthier. • Does not need to be high tech to be green. • Time • Green Buildings take the same amount of time to construct as regular buildings. More time may be required in the Design phase though. • Costs • Green Buildings do not have to cost more. With planning they can be built at the same price or less. • Design fees may be higher in the beginning of the project but the extra design work will lower the actual construction costs. In the end the building costs the same and fits in the traditional budget. • Normal: 2 + 2 = 4 • Green: 3 + 1 = 4 • Long term maintenance and operations costs can be reduced by 20 – 50% with good planning.

  18. West Quad Residence Hall & Learning Center School of Public Health Library Rare Books Collection & Modern Political Wings Law School New Honors College Gamma Phi Beta Sorority New Student Health Center Baseball Stadium Horizon Buildings Biomedical Buildings Arnold II Band/Dance Building Innovista Green Buildings at USC

  19. West Quad

  20. $30.9M project cost - $25M const. cost 177,000 SF - $141.24/sf SAME COST & Time 502 bed spaces – 4 buildings Residential, office, academic & retail spaces Goal of LEED Silver – Achieved Reduced Construction & Change Order Costs 45%-55% More Energy Efficient = over $50,000 savings annually 20% more Water Efficient = $ 3900+ savings annually Residents comment on improved health and productivity West Quad

  21. West Quad at USC • Selected “Green” Project Particulars • Designed to be 40% more energy efficient and to use 20% less water • “Green” roof on Learning Center • Fuel Cell for supplemental electricity & hot water • Solar pre-heating for domestic hot water • Low VOC paints and carpets & 100% Fresh Air • Daylighting in all buildings • Building orientation • Light shelves for shading and natural lighting on southern exposures • Light wells on Learning Center • “Green” board in case good furnishings • Total storm water management integration

  22. US Green Building Council (USGBC) Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design (LEED)

  23. USGBC’s MISSION: to promote the design and construction of buildings that are environmentally responsible, profitable, and healthy places to live and work. The organization’s activities… • Integrate building industry sectors • Lead market transformation • Educate owners and practitioners

  24. USGBC is... • A national nonprofit organization • A diverse membership of organizations • Consensus-driven • Committee-based product development • Developer and administrator of the LEED® Green Building Rating System

  25. What is “Green” Design? Design and construction practices that significantly reduce or eliminate the negative impact of buildings on the environment and occupants in five broad areas: • Sustainable site planning • Safeguarding water and water efficiency • Energy efficiency and renewable energy • Conservation of materials and resources • Indoor environmental quality

  26. Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design® A leading-edge system for designing, constructing, operating and certifying the world’s greenest buildings.

  27. Why Was LEED®Created? • Use as a design guideline • Recognize leaders • Stimulate green competition • Establish market value with recognizable national “brand” • Raise consumer awareness • Transform the marketplace!

  28. Why Was LEED®Created? • Facilitate positive results for the environment, occupant health and financial return • Define “green” by providing a standard for measurement • Prevent “greenwashing” (false or exaggerated claims) • Promote whole-building, integrated design processes

  29. LEED-NC® Market Transformation • Registered Projects by State - Top 10 As of 05.02.05 All statistics exclude pilot projects

  30. LEED-NC® Market Transformation Registered Projects by State - Top 10 Where does the Southeast stand? • Georgia – 62 • South Carolina - 56 • North Carolina – 42

  31. LEED-NC® Point Distribution Five LEED credit categories

  32. Resources • www.usgbc.org – US Green Building Council • www.usgbc.org/Resources/links.asp- Extensive Resource List • www.greenerbuildings.com • The HOK Guidebook to Sustainable Design • WWW.Oikos.com - bookstore • www.iso.org – ISO 14001 EMS • www.epa.gov/ems/index.htm - EPA’s EMS site • www.doe.gov – US DOEwww.epa.gov – US EPA • www.housing.sc.edu/westquadhandbook.asp - West Quad Handbook • www.sc.edu/sustainableu - Sustainable Universities Initiative (SUI) • www.buildinggreen.com – Environmental Building News • www.edcmag.com – Environmental Design & Construction • www.gbapgh.org – Green Building Alliance • www.southface.org/web/earthcraft_house/ech_main/ech_index.htm - Earth Craft Homes • www.greenglobes.com – Green Globes

  33. Contact Info Michael Koman Dr. Gene Luna Environmental Programs Manager Associate Vice President 1215 Blossom Street for Student Affairs Columbia, SC 29208 1215 Blossom St Columbia, SC 29208 koman@sc.edu gene.luna@sc.edu 803-777-1986