Education and society
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Education and Society. Social and Cultural Mobility. Relationship between education, social mobility, and status. Relationship between education and status. Relationship between education and status. Relationship between education and status. SES information .

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Education and society l.jpg

Education and Society

Social and Cultural Mobility






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Relationship between education and social mobility

  • Impact of parents education level

  • Parent education level and college enrollment



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The Role of Schools

  • Schools serve to sift and direct students by ability levels into different social strata to promote human capital

    • Promote talented, smart, and socially and morally fit students

    • Eliminate or redirect other students


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The Complex Role of Schools

  • School are not in isolation

Status


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Framework to Understand Schools and Social Status

  • Human

  • Social

  • Cultural

  • Academic Capital


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Human Capital

  • Human capital is created by working with persons to produce in them skills and capabilities that make them more productive.

  • Society benefits with human capital – investing in populace

    • Educated populace for business development

    • Purchase of consumer products

  • Individuals gain higher wages and status

    • Invest in future – children and education

    • College going and parent income level


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Schooling and Human Capital

  • Schools are the primary social institution that cultivate skills in individuals so that they can be productive members of society.

  • What are some historical examples?


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Schooling and Human Capital

  • Case example of remedial education

  • Diverted Dreams – chapter 8


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Social Capital

  • Social capital refers to the intangible resources embedded within interpersonal relationships or social institutions.

  • Social capital can exist in three major forms:

    • obligations and expectations

    • information channels

    • social norms


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Social Capital in Education

  • Parents' expectations and obligations for educating their children (need social with human capital)

  • The network and connections between families whom the school serves

  • The disciplinary and academic climate at school

  • The cultural norms and values that promote student efforts



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Cultural Capital

  • Cultural capital, the collection of non-economic forces such as family background, social class, varying investments in and commitments to education, different resources, etc. which influence academic success.

  • Three types of cultural capital:

    • Embodied state – in individual

    • Objectified state -- things which are owned (art, etc.)

    • Institutionalized state – academic credentials or qualifications


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Cultural Capital

  • Schools reproduce cultural capital

    • Access to cultural resources (museums, books, etc) that provide information

    • Perpetuation of dominant values

  • Importance of the connection between home and school values

  • Limits of schools for learning cultural capital

  • Parents cultural capital


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Cultural Capital

  • Case of the restaurant

  • The Wire, season 4 episode 9


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Academic Capital

  • Academic capital is the level of intensity of experienced academic rigor.

    • Course taking

    • Study habits

    • Language

    • Knowledge about college process


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Academic Capital

  • Case of cultural curriculum

  • The Wire


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How education reinforces capital

  • Tracking

  • Limiting and controlling access to schools – K-12 and higher ed

  • Funding and resource disparities within and between schools

  • Living the “American Dream”

  • Lack of integration of social services

  • Lack of learning cultural capital

  • Apathetic teachers and administrators


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How education tries to mediate/establish capital

  • Education and social programs

  • Integration of schools

  • Distribution of state funding – per pupil amount

  • Providing skills – literacy, vocational programs

  • Workforce development offices and other services (career counseling)


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How education tries to mediate/establish capital

  • Financial aid – federal and institutional aid

  • School activities – social networks and engagement

  • Alumni support


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Why this is important for teachers?

  • Student come to class with different forms/levels of capital

  • Realize that students have complex lives – The Wire

  • Provide resources but consider personal limitations

  • Advocacy

  • Engage student culture


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