Cooling of Chips in Circuit Boards - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cooling of Chips in Circuit Boards

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  1. Cooling of Chips in Circuit Boards

  2. Problem • One way to cool chips mounted on circuit boards is to encapsulate the boards in metal frames that provide efficient pathways for conduction to supporting cold plates. • Heat Generated by the chips is then dissipated by transfer to water flowing through passages drilled in the plates.

  3. Design/Specifications Coolant Passages water AIR Cold Plate T = 32 Celsius Circuit Board Frames. T=47 Celsius, N=10 Circuit Board Containing Chips

  4. Assumptions • Isothermal cold plate • All heated generated by circuit boards is dissipated by cold plates • Circuit boards may be represented as isothermal at an average surface temperature. • Air flow over circuit boards approximates that over a flat plate in parallel flow. • Part A: To find how much heat is dissipated by the circuit boards • Part B: To find how much of the heat generated by the circuit boards is transferred to air

  5. Part A With a total of N = 10 passages, the total heat dissipation is 50.2 kW

  6. Part B To find how much of the heat generated by the circuit boards is transferred to air. 2,670W 9.5 percent(low) Heat Transfer to the Air

  7. Results • Air not effect for Cooling Microchips • The cooling capacity of the cold plates far exceeds that of the air flow. However, the challenge would be one of efficiently transferring such a large amount of energy to the cold plates without incurring excessive temperatures on the circuit boards

  8. Equations Used