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confidential information

Confidential Information

The information contained in this presentation is intended to assist law enforcement officials, teachers, parents and concerned citizens in the identification of gang activity, symbols, graffiti, and practices. It is not intended to encourage persecution of any single person, group, organization, or religion. This information should be used as a general guide and not an ultimate source of identification of all gang and threat group practices.

slide3
U.S. Army – 5 yrs.

Criminal Justice Degree

N.C. Dept. of Correction – 12 yrs.

N.C. Basic Correctional Officer Certification

N.C. Juvenile Justice Officer Certification

N.C. General Instructor Certification

N.C. Advance Training Certificate

Law Enforcement Instructor Vance Granville Community College

Member of NCGIA

Member of SCGIA

Member of CGIA

Member of ILGIA

State Coordinator for the National Major Gang Task Force

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Applies to Juveniles 12 yrs. of age and up

Felony to participate in a criminal street gang

Felony to solicit or coerce another to participate in a criminal street gang

10 yr. penalty enhancement for leaders and organizers

2 million grant from the NCGCC for street gang violence prevention and intervention

slide5
Uniform Legal Definition of “GANG”
  • Uniform Definition of “Gang Member”
  • Uniform Definition of “Gang Crime”
    • The above three elements would allow community officials to identify the presence of gangs in their communities. The latitude of non-standardized definitions inhibits acknowledgement of the presence of gangs due to subjective interpretation at the local level.
  • From uniform definitions come better intelligence gathering and jurisdictional sharing of information.
  • Tools allowing criminal justice agencies (DJJDP, DOC, state and local Law Enforcement, and Courts) do exist, however, are not implemented state-wide yet.
slide6
Criminal Street Gang - Any ongoing organization, association, or group of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, which engages in a pattern of criminal gang activity. The existence of the organization, association, or group of individuals associated in fact may be established by evidence of a common name or common identifying signs, symbols, tattoos, graffiti, or attire or other distinguishing characteristics.
slide7
Governor’s Crime Commission (2004) Report
  • In 1999 a reported 332 gangs with 5,143 members
  • In 2004 a reported 387 gangs with 8,517 members
  • Ages range from 8 – 50 yrs. of age
  • Ages 13 – 15 entry age
  • Ages 16 – 25 significant involvement
  • National / 21,500 gangs with 731,500 members
slide8

Ethnic/Racial Make-Up of Gangs

Ethnicity Frequency Percent

Not Know 75 19.4

African American 102 26.4

African American/Asian 1 .3

African American/Hispanic 3 .8

African American/White 1 .3

Asian 17 4.4

Caucasian 37 9.6

Caucasian/Asia 1 .3

Caucasian/Hispanic 2 .5

Hispanic 86 22.2

Latin 1 .3

Mixed Group 61 15.8

Total 387 100.0

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Top Five (5) Counties
  • Mecklenburg 65 gangs
  • Wake 39 gangs
  • Pitt 26 gangs
  • Union 25 gangs
  • Harnett 25 gangs
slide10
Top Five (5) Counties
  • Wake 1753 gang members
  • Mecklenburg 1739 gang members
  • Durham 1620 gang members
  • Pitt 835 gang members
  • Union 554 gang members
slide11
Guilford (68)
  • Forsyth (Unknown)
  • Cumberland (259)
  • New Hanover (105)
  • Rowan (34)
  • Alamance (Unknown)
slide15

Gang Name Range (months) Average Time

Very Dangerous Mexicans 18-60 41.0

18th Street 6-60 32.4

Surenos (Sur-13) 5-96 30.1

Vatos Locos 6-96 29.0

Latin Kings 2-60 27.3

Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13) 3-68 21.8

Malditos 15-24 21.0

Mexican Mafia 6-48 16.5

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Gang Net is a web based data collection and sharing system that utilizes Sequel databases and dynamic web entry and query capabilities allowing registered users to access information entered by all neighboring jurisdictions. Queries can be preformed on tattoos, gang name, individual's name, associates, and many other elements
slide17
Gang Net Validation Criteria
  • Self Admittance
  • Frequents gang areas
  • Associates with known gang affiliates/members
  • Uses hand signs or gestures
  • Tattoos / marks / scars
  • Gang dress or attire
  • Uses gang terminology
  • Physical evidence / photos, documents etc.
  • Reliable source / untested source
  • Involved in a gang related incident
  • Classification Admittance
slide18
Cal gang Validation Criteria
  • Subject has admitted to being a gang member
  • Subject has been arrested alone or with known gang members for offenses consistent with usual gang activity
  • Subject has been identified as a gang member by a reliable informant/source
  • Subject has been identified as a gang member by an untested informant
  • Subject has been seen affiliating with documented gang members
  • Subject has been seen displaying symbols and or had signs
  • Subject has been seen frequenting gang areas
  • Subject has been seen wearing gang dress
  • Subject is known to have gang tattoos
slide19
WSPD Validation Criteria
  • Self Admittance
  • Racist / Gang / Occult related tattoos
  • Documented association with other gang members
  • Involved in gang related crime
  • Letters/Drawings
  • Gang monikers / Nicknames
  • Hand signs / Codes / Slang
  • Scars / Marks / Brands
  • Information from field contacts (L.E. Agencies)
  • Gang Data Bases
  • Graffiti-Style Writing and Symbols
  • Stylized hair cuts or jewelry
  • Stylized / special dress color and or brand of clothing
  • Photographs and or documents