Elementary Windows XP This chapter-3 will cover: The Basic Elements of Windows XP Desktop Icons Shortcuts Taskbar Start Button Start Menu Using a Mouse The Windows Keyboard Keyboard Shortcut Keys Cutting and Pasting Running Simple Programs WordPad Paint The Windows Media Player
This chapter-3 will cover:
Standard desktop icons (shortcuts)
Standard Desktop Icons
Show Desktop button
Open Program buttons
Most Frequently Used Programs List
Click here for the Programs menu
Turn off or log off the computer
Click here for the Programs menu
Turn off or log off the computer…the current user is also shown here.
Shortcuts (or menu items) on the Start Menu
The Start Menu folder
The Start Menu is actually a subfolder stored within the Documents and Settings folder (see above figure). To view the start menu as a folder, you can also select the Open option from the start button’s shortcut menu.
Because Windows XP is a GUI the preferred method of navigating the system
is by way of a mouse. There are shortcut keys that can be used, but using a
mouse is faster and easier for most people.
Keyboard Shortcuts are key combinations that can be substituted for mouse actions, and visa versa. They are fairly universal throughout Windows.
Shortcuts can be found on most Windows application menus as shown on the Left. These are some of the most widely used shortcut keys. Ctrl+Z means, for example, press the Ctrl key and the letter Z key at the same time. Case does not matter.
A brief listing of the more widely used shortcuts are on the following slide.
For more shortcuts and some additional information on this subject look to the Windows Help system. Search the index for “shortcut keys, for Windows XP”. The results of this search are displayed to the left.
Probably the best known Windows keyboard sequence is:
Thiscan be used under Windows 98 to attempt to recover from a frozen or hung system. It may or may not do anything at all, it will usually reboot the troubled PC as the solution.
Windows XP uses the same sequence, however the operating system is more stable and it actually works to solve a problem or shutdown the offending software.
Entering Ctrl+Alt+Del will open the Windows XP Task Manager window, which can be used to switch to, or end any unresponsive application simply by selecting it from a list (detailed discussion in the later chapters).
Step 1: To Select text (or an object):
Step 2: To Cut or Copy an object or text:
Step 3: To Paste the selected object:
You can perform these operations by using the following keyboard shortcuts instead of selecting a command from a menu:
Cut Ctrl+X Paste Ctrl+V
Copy Ctrl+C Select All Ctrl+A
Pop-up or Shortcut menu
Cutting, Copying and Pasting text using WordPad
There are four main ways to run, open or launch a program with Windows XP:
The first two methods are much the same and use the basic idea of a GUI. Toolbars, Menus and Icons can all be used to launch programs or open files.
The Run command is a way that allows a user to enter a program’s filename and other parameters on a command line. This is much the same way it is done under DOS or other text-based operating systems. For instance, you could enter the command wordpad.exe, and the program WordPad would open.
File Associations are another way for Windows to further automate its GUI. By associating a data file with a specific program used to open it you can run a program and open the selected data file. If you double click on a data file, it will open the associated executable file if it has one, or you will see a dialog like:
When you see the dialog box shown here, no program is currently associated with this data file. At this point, you can either select the program you want to use to open this file, or let Windows try to assign one. The association can be just for this current operation or you can make it a permanent association, so that Windows will always open this type of file with the selected program. Associations recognize a file’s extension; this is the only way that files are associated with programs. It important to understand that changing a file’s extension can leave it with out a program that will open it.
The Run dialog
To run Paint from the Start Menu:
Paint Menu command
Selecting the menu command to start Microsoft Paint
Microsoft Paint with no file selected