Artificial Intelligence Today Kevin Smith Temple University CIS 55 Section 402
Future Computer Brain Outline • Brief History of Artificial Intelligence • Definition of Artificial intelligence (AI). • Branches of AI • Applications of AI • Sites for Current Research • Overall Conclusion
History of Artificial Intellegence • 1956 John McCarthy coined the term “Artificial Intelligence“ • 1960 Demonstration of the first running AI program, the Logic Theorist (LT) written by Allen Newell, J.C. Shaw and Herbert Simon (Carnegie Institute of Technology, now Carnegie Mellon University). • 1990’s Major advances in all areas of AI • 2000 Interactive robot pets (a.k.a. "smart toys") became commercially available, realizing the vision of the 18th century novelty toy makers.
Definitions for Artificial Intelligence • Development of intelligent machines • A branch of computer science devoted to the development of computer programs that will allow machines to perform functions normally requiring human intelligence • Computer intelligence • The ability of computers to perform functions that normally require human intelligence
Logical AI Search Pattern Recognition Representation Inference Common sense knowledge and reasoning Learning from experience Planning Epistemology Ontology Heuristics Genetic programming Branches of Artificial Intelligence
Game Playing ex. Looking at a vast number of possibilities in chess. Speech Recognition Understanding natural language Computer vision Expert systems Heuristic classification Application of Artificial Intelligence
Current Research For more Information • American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) • A nonprofit scientific society devoted to advancing the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines. • MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory
Conclusion Since the term Artificial Intelligence was first used by a John McCarthy (1956). There are been huge advances in Artificial Intelligence. In today’s society AI has infiltrated even the simplest facets of our lives such as : • Having artificial customer service representatives help us check our cellular minutes. • Troubleshooting with computer programs or help with online shopping wizards. I believe that in the future will we rely more heavily on the use of Artificial Intelligence to aide us in our everyday lives more so than now. Going towards an almost symbiotic relationship with man and the ghost in the machine.
Works Cited “Artificial Intelligence” Encarta Encyclopedia. 2005 ed. Buchman, Bruce G. “Brief History of AI” Introductory to AI Classes. August 2002. University of Pittsburgh. March 25, 2004< http://www.aaai.org> Famili, Fazel, Nau, and Kim. “Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining .” Artificial Intelligence Applications in Manufacturing 1.3 (2004) 469pg. March 21, 2005 <http://www.aaai.org> John McCarthy. “What is Artificial Intelligence.” Computer Science Department. November 24, 2004. Stanford University. March 20, 2005 <www-formal.stanford.edu/jmc/whatisai/whatisai.html> Shelly, Gary B, Cashman, and Vermaat. Discovering Computers 2005, Introductory Edition. Various: 2005, Course Technology