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Air Traffic Management: Future Prospects and Strategies. Julia Griese Margarita Marinova Alexander Zock. Nuria Margarit Dorthe Windeck Angela Won. Yasmine El Alj Stephan Wilde Markus Witte. Agenda. Introduction Infrastructure/ Regulations Market Mechanisms Operations/ Technology.

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air traffic management future prospects and strategies

Air Traffic Management: Future Prospects and Strategies

Julia Griese

Margarita Marinova

Alexander Zock

Nuria Margarit

Dorthe Windeck

Angela Won

Yasmine El Alj

Stephan Wilde

Markus Witte

agenda
Agenda

Introduction

Infrastructure/ Regulations

Market Mechanisms

Operations/ Technology

what is air traffic management atm

sector provider 4

sector

provider 3

sector

provider 2

A

Quelle: INCAS-Studie

sector provider 1

What is Air Traffic Management (ATM)
  • ATM provides for safe, orderly and expeditious flow of air traffic both in the air and on the ground*
  • Division of airspace
    • Vertical (upper/lower airspace, approach) and horizontal (regional/national)
  • Defined flight routes and beacons for navigation
  • Controllers optimize trajectories

* Source: Recherche ENAC

current european atm situation
Current European ATM situation

Unilateral Cost Burden

Constraints in Capacity

  • Large military airspace
  • Low ATC productivity
  • No growth potential
  • Full skies
  • Non-negotiable ATC
  • charges
  • Risk-free ATC
  • Lufthansa’s Motivation for Change
  • Growth Strategy
  • Stay Cost Competitive
  • Drive innovation
potential atm development
Potential ATM development

Today

Organization

  • Monolithic structure

Infrastructure

Procedures, technology

  • 47 ATC-organizations
  • 22 operating systems
  • 30 programming languages

Tomorrow

Organization

  • Multiple authorities (infrastructure, service, pricing)

Infrastructure

Procedures, technology

  • Standardization
  • 1 ATC-organization
  • 1 operating system

European

Commission (EC)

ATC

Airlines

technology

atm data sharing via atm portal
ATM data sharing via “ATM portal”
  • Share all data – real time
    • Airlines and ATM supply all data
    • Create ATM portal to process data and supply it in a meaningful format
  • Advantages
    • Standardized interface and information (e.g. via web)
    • Airline can anticipate congestion
    • Can adapt routing real time with adaptive decision making
    • Provision of digital data automatically (static & dynamic)
  • Obstacles
    • ATM labor force
    • Security

decision

Airlines

(lobbying, incentives)

EC, gov’t

ATM

ATM portal

decision

dynamic and flexible airspace utilization
Dynamic and flexible airspace utilization
  • Optimize special use airspace (SUA) utilization dynamically in a collaborative fashion
    • Differentiate SUA (core, temporary)
    • Optimal use of temporal SUA windows
    • Integrated civil & military ATM
    • Supply of real time digital data
  • Advantages
    • More useable airspace (increases capacity)
    • Starting strategic cooperation between airlines and military
  • Obstacles
    • Ability to incorporate this data for flight planning
    • Security
    • Establish collaboration with military

Incentives

(airline  military)

Technology

slide10

Interaction

Market mechanisms require a new relationship between airlines and ATC

Airlines

European ATC

New compensation

scheme for controllers

  • Differentiation in ATC
  • services offered to airlines
  • Airport/Route congestion
  • pricing
  • Airlines/ATC performance
  • monitoring and penalty system

Slot/Holding time

Exchange System

slide11

Differentiation in ATC services offered to airlines

  • Possibilities for service differentiation
    • Airline given priority in the airspace/airport system in exchange for a higher ATC charges
    • Airlines pooling resources together to pay ATC for extra service during peak hours
    • Leasing of „exclusive“ airways (e.g. Star Alliance North Atlantic Route“)
  • Advantages
    • better punctuality for airlines willing to pay extra cost
    • new sources of revenue for ATC

ATC

Service

C

C

C

„One for all“

ATC

S

S

S

S

C

C

C

„One for each“

airline atc clearing house collaboration concept
Airline ATC clearing house collaboration concept
  • Prerequisite: Agreement and negotiation on standard gate-to-gate performance benchmarks and penalities
  • Clearing house
    • Penalty System: entity responsible for the system disruption penalized through bonus/malus system
      • airline should depart at scheduled time
      • ATC should provide agreed-upon service performance
    • Exchange System between airlines: can exchange slots and holding time priorities
  • Database containing all data tracked and bonus points will be accessible to all stakeholders (ATC/ Airlines)

Clearing house

ATC

Airline

Penalty

System

Airline

Exchange

System

Airline

advantages of clearing house collaboration
Requirements for on-time performance will be met

Real-time trade-off between punctuality and cost through exchange program

Stable scheduling process => reduction in delay costs; better aircraft utilization

Reduced crew costs

Better planification for lower airspace/ landing approach

Bonus for performing at agreed-upon service levels

Transparency allows ATC not to be blamed

ATC is under no obligation to meet standard

Gate-to-gate time if airline not departing on-time

New revenue source for ATC

Advantages of clearing house collaboration

ATC

Airlines

better utilization of existing system
Better utilization of existing system
  • Solutions to overloading of airspace at peak times
    • Expand schedule:
      • Low price tickets at low peak times
      • Premium price tickets at high peak times
    • Use secondary airports and enhance intermodality
  • Advantages:
    • Create additional capacity
    • Add value to different customer segments
  • Obstacles:
    • Regulation of night flying (curfews)
    • Limited public transportation at night
    • Labor issues
unification of flight segments
Unification of flight segments
  • Reduction of ATC complexity by:
    • Standardizing of existing ATM procedures and technologies
    • Assigning one controller per flight from departure to landing
  • Advantages:
    • Seamless ATC experience
    • Increased staffing flexibility
    • Less controllers in low traffic segments
  • Obstacles:
    • Regulation issues
    • New training concepts
    • Redefinition of controllers
atc of the future
ATC of the future

Aircraft at high altitude

No pilots

No controllers

New navigation systems