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Africa During the Post classical Period. Common Elements in African Societies Bantu migration Animism lineage important in relation with god The Arrival of Islam in North Africa Arrival of Islam (Spain, by 711) Berber Almoravids Almohads succeed Berbers, 12th century.

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african kingdom similarities and differences
Common Elements in African Societies

Bantu migration

Animism

lineage important in relation with god

The Arrival of Islam in North Africa

Arrival of Islam (Spain, by 711)

Berber Almoravids

Almohads

succeed Berbers, 12th century

The Christian Kingdoms: Nubia and EthiopiaCopts

Egyptian Christians

spread to Nubia (Kush)

Ethiopia

African Kingdom Similarities and Differences
empires of africa
Kingdoms of the Grasslands

Caravans

Sahel - transfer point

Sudanic States

Rulers sacred

Islam

The Empire of Mali

Malinke peoples from Ghana

Agriculture, gold trade

Sundiata (d.1260)

the “Lion Prince”

mansa (ruler)

expanded state

Mansa Kankan Musa

pilgrimage

Ishal al-Sahili (Sp. Architect)

beaten clay architecture

Empires of Africa

Empires of the Western Sudan

african kingdoms
City Dwellers and Villagers

Jenne, Timbuktu

thrive with expansion

Some merchants

Religious diffusion?

Majority farmers

The Songhay Kingdom (Capital: Gao)

Middle Niger valley

Independent by 700

Muslim by 1010

Sunni Ali (1464-1492)

Hausa states, northern Nigeria

Muslim center

Political and Social Life in the Sudanic States

Fusion of traditions

African Kingdoms
swahili coast
Swahili Coast

The Swahili Coast

  • The Swahili Coast of East Africa
  • Trading ports
    • Muslim influence
    • Cultural diffusion and synthesis
  • The Coastal Trading Ports (*Mogadishu*, Mombasa, Malindi, Kilwa, Pate, Zanzibar)
    • Don’t need to know, just be familiar
  • Madagascar
    • SEA imports
  • Blended culture
swahili coast cont d
Swahili Coast (cont’d)
  • The Mixture of Cultures on the Swahili Coast
  • Islam unifies
  • Other Characteristics
  • Egalitarian/homogenous to cosmopolitan/diverse
  • Key Exports & Imports
  • Two distinct “trading seasons”
  • Connection to China?
    • When did this exchange with China end?
african kingdom similarities and differences9
Common Elements in African Societies

Bantu migration

one language base

Animism

cosmology

ethical code

lineage important in relation with god

The Arrival of Islam in North Africa

Part of Mediterranean

Arrival of Islam (Spain, by 711)

Berber Almoravids

western Sahara, assist conversionAlmohads

succeed Berbers, 12th century

The Christian Kingdoms: Nubia and EthiopiaCopts

Egyptian Christians

welcome Muslims

spread to Nubia (Kush)

Ethiopia

heirs to Axum

King Lalibela

African Kingdom Similarities and Differences
empires of africa10
II. Kingdoms of the Grasslands

Caravans across Sahara

Sahel (grasslands)

transfer point

A. Sudanic States

Rulers sacred

Islam

from 900s

supports state

B. The Empire of Mali and Sundiata, the “Lion Prince”

Malinke peoples from Ghana

Agriculture, gold trade

Sundiata (d.1260)

mansa (ruler)

expanded state

Mansa Kankan Musa

pilgrimage to Mecca

Floods land with gold

brings back Ishal al-Sahili

architect from Muslim Spain

beaten clay architecture

Empires of Africa

Empires of the Western Sudan

african kingdoms11
City Dwellers and Villagers

Jenne, Timbuktu

thrive with expansion of Mali, SonghayMandinka juula

Some merchants

Religious diffusion?

Farmers the majority

The Songhay Kingdom (Capital: Gao)

Middle Niger valley

Independent by 700

Muslim by 1010

Sunni Ali (1464-1492)

expanded territory

successors: askia

Defeated by Morocco, 1591

Hausa states, northern Nigeria

Kano becomes Muslim center

E. Political and Social Life in the Sudanic States

Fusion of Muslim, indigenous traditions

African Kingdoms
swahili coast12
Swahili Coast

The Swahili Coast

  • The Swahili Coast of East Africa
  • Trading ports
    • Muslim influence strong
    • Rest of population remains traditional
    • Significangt cultural diffusion and synthesis
  • The Coastal Trading Ports (*Mogadishu*, Mombasa, Malindi, Kilwa, Pate, Zanzibar)
    • Don’t need to know, just be familiar
  • Madagascar
    • southeast Asian immigrants, bring bananas, coconuts
  • Blended culture
    • Bantu, Islamic
    • Swahili
    • spreads along coast
    • trade with Asia
swahili coast cont d13
Swahili Coast (cont’d)
  • The Mixture of Cultures on the Swahili Coast
  • Islam unifies along with Swahili
  • Other Characteristics
  • Egalitarian and homogenous to cosmopolitan and diverse
  • Key Exports
    • Ivory, gold, iron, slaves, exotic animals
  • Key Imports
    • Textiles, Silks, porcelain (China and India)
  • When during the year did this take place?
    • Two distinct “trading seasons”
  • What was the connection between the Swahili Coast and China?
  • When did this exchange with China end?