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Chapter 5: Server Installation

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  1. Chapter 5:Server Installation

  2. Learning Objectives • Make installation, hardware, and site-specific preparations to install Windows 2000 Server • Install Windows 2000 Server using different methods, including from a CD-ROM, from the installation disks, over a network, unattended, and from another operating system

  3. Learning Objectives (continued) • Go through a Windows 2000 Server installation step by step, and test the installation • Upgrade a Windows NT server and domain • Create an emergency repair disk

  4. Troubleshooting Tip • Obtain the latest device drivers before you start the installation, such as those for the NIC, HAL.dll (for SMP computers), SCSI adapters, CD-ROM drives, RAID arrays

  5. Make Important Decisions in Advance • How to partition the disk or disks • What file system(s) to use • What to name the server • What password to use for the Administrator account • What protocols to use • What licensing method to use • Whether to make the server a DC

  6. Decide Whether to Set Upa Dual Boot System • Other systems that can reside on the same server as Windows 2000 Server include MS-DOS, Windows 3.x, Windows 95, and Windows 98

  7. Partitioning • If you create FAT and NTFS partitions, create the FAT partition before you start (or leave an existing FAT partition if you create a dual boot system)

  8. Boot.ini File • The Boot.ini file on the system partition contains information about the location of both operating systems in a dual boot configuration

  9. Sample Boot.ini File Figure 5-2 Boot.ini file

  10. FAT Partitions • Windows 2000 will format a 2 GB or smaller partition as FAT16 and a partition larger than 2 GB as FAT32

  11. Server Naming • Use a name that is easy to type • Make the name descriptive of the server’s function or of the organization • Select a name that is easy to remember and use • Make sure the name is not already used on the network

  12. Administrator Password • Use a “strong” or difficult-to-guess password for the critical Administrator account • Characteristics of a strong password: • Over seven characters long • Has a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols • Includes at least one symbol in characters two through six

  13. Protocol Selection • Consider using the default TCP/IP setup as a starting point and add other protocols later as needed

  14. Licensing Methods • Per server licensing: A server software license based on the maximum number of clients that log on to the server at one time • Per seat licensing: A server software license that requires that there be enough licenses for all network client workstations

  15. Initial Server Installation • Standalone server: A server that is not a member of a domain, but that is a member of an existing workgroup or that establishes its own workgroup, such as in peer-to-peer networking • Member server: A server that is a member of an existing Windows 2000 domain, but that does not function as a domain controller • (Either type of server can be later set up as a domain controller)

  16. Installation Options • CD-ROM only • Floppy disk and CD-ROM • Network installation • Installation from an existing operating system • Unattended installation

  17. Installation Programs • Use Winnt.exe from scratch (installation disks or CD-ROM) and from computers already booted from MS-DOS or Windows 3.x • Use Winnt32.exe from computers already booted from Windows 95/98, Windows NT, or Windows 2000 (for an upgrade)

  18. Command-line Switches for Winnt

  19. Command-line Switches for Winnt (continued)

  20. Command-line Switches for Winnt32

  21. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)

  22. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)

  23. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)

  24. CD-ROM Installation • Set the computer’s BIOS to boot first from CD-ROM • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM • Turn the computer off and then back on (you may need to press Enter to boot from CD-ROM) • After Winnt.exe starts, follow the instructions on the screen

  25. Floppy Disk and CD-ROM Installation • Set the BIOS to boot first from drive A: • Power off the computer • Insert Setup Disk #1 and the CD-ROM • Turn on the computer, booting from the Setup Disk #1 • After Winnt.exe starts, insert Setup Disk #2 and follow the on-screen instructions

  26. Making Copies of the Setup Disk • Format 4 floppy disks • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM • Click Start and then click Run • Enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path \bootdisk\makebt32.exe • Click OK • Follow the on-screen instructions

  27. Network Installation • Copy the installation files from the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM which are in the folder \I386 • Share the host’s folder and set appropriate permissions • Map the host’s shared folder from the target server computer • Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe from the shared folder • Follow the on-screen instructions

  28. Installation from an Existing Operating System • Boot the computer to use its existing operating system • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM • Click Start, click Run, enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path to the Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe file, such as \I386\winnt32 plus any switches • Follow the on-screen instructions

  29. Installation Tip • If you install Windows 2000 from MS-DOS, you can reduce the installation time from several hours to under an hour if you start the SMARTDRIVE utility before running Winnt.exe

  30. Unattended InstallationOver the Network • Create an answer file using Setup Manager or Notepad • Use the /s and /u (or /unattend) switches to specify the location of the installation files and of the answer file such as: • Winnt32 /s:\\mainserver\I386 /unattend:unattend.txt • Use a uniqueness database and the /UDF switch to further customize the unattended installation

  31. Unattended Installation via CD-ROM • An alternative to a unattended network installation is to create an answer file to use along with booting via the CD-ROM, but name the file, Winnt.sif

  32. Creating Duplicate Unattended Installations • Use Sysprep.exe to clone computers that have the same hardware configuration • Use Syspart.exe to clone computers that have different hardware configurations

  33. Installation Troubleshooting Tip • If Setup starts, but does not find mass storage, restart the installation, press F6 as soon as possible and load the manufacturer’s driver (such as for a SCSI adapter) • If Setup does not start because you are using an SMP computer, restart the installation, press F5, and provide the computer manufacturer’s Hal.dll

  34. Installation Part 1 • When the Windows Setup starts, it inspects the computer hardware and loads drivers and then presents a screen on which to press Enter to start the installation

  35. Installation Part 1(continued) Figure 5-3 Beginning setup options

  36. Installation Part 1(continued) • Read the licensing agreement and press F8 • Select the partitioned or unpartitioned disk space on which to install Windows 2000

  37. Installation Part 1(continued) Figure 5-4 Detecting partitions

  38. Installation Part 1(continued) • Select the file system to use, FAT or NTFS • Setup automatically checks the disks, copies files, and reboots into the graphical mode

  39. Installation Part 2 • Setup gathers and verifies information about the computer, such as the keyboard and pointing device • Setup next enables you to configure regional and keyboard settings, such as the language that you use

  40. Installation Part 2(continued) • Enter your name and the name of your organization • Enter the product key which is obtained from the back of the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM jewel case

  41. Installation Part 2(continued) Figure 5-5 Name and organization information

  42. Installation Part 2(continued) • Select the licensing mode • Enter the name of the server and the Administrator account’s password • Select the Windows 2000 components to install

  43. Installation Part 2(continued) Figure 5-6 Windows 2000 components

  44. Installation Part 2(continued) • If there is an installed modem, provide the Modem Dialing information • Verify the date and time • Select the network configuration option, such as Typical settings in order to install TCP/IP • Specify whether the computer will start off in a workgroup or domain (if in a domain, provide the account and password)

  45. Installation Part 2(continued) • Wait for Setup to install components and files and then click Finish

  46. Installation Part 2(continued) Figure 5-7 Installing components

  47. Log On and Test the Server • Press Ctrl+Alt+Del, enter Administrator as the account name, and enter the Administrator password you specified during the installation • Look for the Windows 2000 Configure Your Server dialog box, which provides one method for continuing to configure the server

  48. Configure Your Server Tool Figure 5-8 Configuration dialog box

  49. Testing the Desktop Icons • Test the desktop icons and other preliminary functions of the server

  50. Desktop Figure 5-9 Windows 2000 Desktop