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Chapter 5: Server Installation . Learning Objectives. Make installation, hardware, and site-specific preparations to install Windows 2000 Server

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learning objectives
Learning Objectives
  • Make installation, hardware, and site-specific preparations to install Windows 2000 Server
  • Install Windows 2000 Server using different methods, including from a CD-ROM, from the installation disks, over a network, unattended, and from another operating system
learning objectives continued
Learning Objectives (continued)
  • Go through a Windows 2000 Server installation step by step, and test the installation
  • Upgrade a Windows NT server and domain
  • Create an emergency repair disk
troubleshooting tip
Troubleshooting Tip
  • Obtain the latest device drivers before you start the installation, such as those for the NIC, HAL.dll (for SMP computers), SCSI adapters, CD-ROM drives, RAID arrays
make important decisions in advance
Make Important Decisions in Advance
  • How to partition the disk or disks
  • What file system(s) to use
  • What to name the server
  • What password to use for the Administrator account
  • What protocols to use
  • What licensing method to use
  • Whether to make the server a DC
decide whether to set up a dual boot system
Decide Whether to Set Upa Dual Boot System
  • Other systems that can reside on the same server as Windows 2000 Server include MS-DOS, Windows 3.x, Windows 95, and Windows 98
partitioning
Partitioning
  • If you create FAT and NTFS partitions, create the FAT partition before you start (or leave an existing FAT partition if you create a dual boot system)
boot ini file
Boot.ini File
  • The Boot.ini file on the system partition contains information about the location of both operating systems in a dual boot configuration
sample boot ini file
Sample Boot.ini File

Figure 5-2 Boot.ini file

fat partitions
FAT Partitions
  • Windows 2000 will format a 2 GB or smaller partition as FAT16 and a partition larger than 2 GB as FAT32
server naming
Server Naming
  • Use a name that is easy to type
  • Make the name descriptive of the server’s function or of the organization
  • Select a name that is easy to remember and use
  • Make sure the name is not already used on the network
administrator password
Administrator Password
  • Use a “strong” or difficult-to-guess password for the critical Administrator account
  • Characteristics of a strong password:
    • Over seven characters long
    • Has a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols
    • Includes at least one symbol in characters two through six
protocol selection
Protocol Selection
  • Consider using the default TCP/IP setup as a starting point and add other protocols later as needed
licensing methods
Licensing Methods
  • Per server licensing: A server software license based on the maximum number of clients that log on to the server at one time
  • Per seat licensing: A server software license that requires that there be enough licenses for all network client workstations
initial server installation
Initial Server Installation
  • Standalone server: A server that is not a member of a domain, but that is a member of an existing workgroup or that establishes its own workgroup, such as in peer-to-peer networking
  • Member server: A server that is a member of an existing Windows 2000 domain, but that does not function as a domain controller
      • (Either type of server can be later set up as a domain controller)
installation options
Installation Options
  • CD-ROM only
  • Floppy disk and CD-ROM
  • Network installation
  • Installation from an existing operating system
  • Unattended installation
installation programs
Installation Programs
  • Use Winnt.exe from scratch (installation disks or CD-ROM) and from computers already booted from MS-DOS or Windows 3.x
  • Use Winnt32.exe from computers already booted from Windows 95/98, Windows NT, or Windows 2000 (for an upgrade)
cd rom installation
CD-ROM Installation
  • Set the computer’s BIOS to boot first from CD-ROM
  • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM
  • Turn the computer off and then back on (you may need to press Enter to boot from CD-ROM)
  • After Winnt.exe starts, follow the instructions on the screen
floppy disk and cd rom installation
Floppy Disk and CD-ROM Installation
  • Set the BIOS to boot first from drive A:
  • Power off the computer
  • Insert Setup Disk #1 and the CD-ROM
  • Turn on the computer, booting from the Setup Disk #1
  • After Winnt.exe starts, insert Setup Disk #2 and follow the on-screen instructions
making copies of the setup disk
Making Copies of the Setup Disk
  • Format 4 floppy disks
  • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM
  • Click Start and then click Run
  • Enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path \bootdisk\makebt32.exe
  • Click OK
  • Follow the on-screen instructions
network installation
Network Installation
  • Copy the installation files from the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM which are in the folder \I386
  • Share the host’s folder and set appropriate permissions
  • Map the host’s shared folder from the target server computer
  • Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe from the shared folder
  • Follow the on-screen instructions
installation from an existing operating system
Installation from an Existing Operating System
  • Boot the computer to use its existing operating system
  • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM
  • Click Start, click Run, enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path to the Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe file, such as \I386\winnt32 plus any switches
  • Follow the on-screen instructions
installation tip
Installation Tip
  • If you install Windows 2000 from MS-DOS, you can reduce the installation time from several hours to under an hour if you start the SMARTDRIVE utility before running Winnt.exe
unattended installation over the network
Unattended InstallationOver the Network
  • Create an answer file using Setup Manager or Notepad
  • Use the /s and /u (or /unattend) switches to specify the location of the installation files and of the answer file such as:
    • Winnt32 /s:\\mainserver\I386 /unattend:unattend.txt
  • Use a uniqueness database and the /UDF switch to further customize the unattended installation
unattended installation via cd rom
Unattended Installation via CD-ROM
  • An alternative to a unattended network installation is to create an answer file to use along with booting via the CD-ROM, but name the file, Winnt.sif
creating duplicate unattended installations
Creating Duplicate Unattended Installations
  • Use Sysprep.exe to clone computers that have the same hardware configuration
  • Use Syspart.exe to clone computers that have different hardware configurations
installation troubleshooting tip
Installation Troubleshooting Tip
  • If Setup starts, but does not find mass storage, restart the installation, press F6 as soon as possible and load the manufacturer’s driver (such as for a SCSI adapter)
  • If Setup does not start because you are using an SMP computer, restart the installation, press F5, and provide the computer manufacturer’s Hal.dll
installation part 1
Installation Part 1
  • When the Windows Setup starts, it inspects the computer hardware and loads drivers and then presents a screen on which to press Enter to start the installation
installation part 1 continued
Installation Part 1(continued)

Figure 5-3 Beginning setup options

installation part 1 continued1
Installation Part 1(continued)
  • Read the licensing agreement and press F8
  • Select the partitioned or unpartitioned disk space on which to install Windows 2000
installation part 1 continued2
Installation Part 1(continued)

Figure 5-4

Detecting

partitions

installation part 1 continued3
Installation Part 1(continued)
  • Select the file system to use, FAT or NTFS
  • Setup automatically checks the disks, copies files, and reboots into the graphical mode
installation part 2
Installation Part 2
  • Setup gathers and verifies information about the computer, such as the keyboard and pointing device
  • Setup next enables you to configure regional and keyboard settings, such as the language that you use
installation part 2 continued
Installation Part 2(continued)
  • Enter your name and the name of your organization
  • Enter the product key which is obtained from the back of the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM jewel case
installation part 2 continued1
Installation Part 2(continued)

Figure 5-5 Name and organization information

installation part 2 continued2
Installation Part 2(continued)
  • Select the licensing mode
  • Enter the name of the server and the Administrator account’s password
  • Select the Windows 2000 components to install
installation part 2 continued3
Installation Part 2(continued)

Figure 5-6 Windows 2000 components

installation part 2 continued4
Installation Part 2(continued)
  • If there is an installed modem, provide the Modem Dialing information
  • Verify the date and time
  • Select the network configuration option, such as Typical settings in order to install TCP/IP
  • Specify whether the computer will start off in a workgroup or domain (if in a domain, provide the account and password)
installation part 2 continued5
Installation Part 2(continued)
  • Wait for Setup to install components and files and then click Finish
installation part 2 continued6
Installation Part 2(continued)

Figure 5-7 Installing components

log on and test the server
Log On and Test the Server
  • Press Ctrl+Alt+Del, enter Administrator as the account name, and enter the Administrator password you specified during the installation
  • Look for the Windows 2000 Configure Your Server dialog box, which provides one method for continuing to configure the server
configure your server tool
Configure Your Server Tool

Figure 5-8 Configuration dialog box

testing the desktop icons
Testing the Desktop Icons
  • Test the desktop icons and other preliminary functions of the server
desktop
Desktop

Figure 5-9 Windows 2000 Desktop

upgrading a windows nt 4 0 server and domain
Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain
  • Coordinate a time for the upgrade
  • Backup each server that will be upgraded
  • Upgrade the PDC first
  • Upgrade the BDCs one at a time
  • Upgrade using Winnt32
upgrading a windows nt 4 0 server and domain continued
Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued)
  • Select the Upgrade to Windows 2000(recommend) option
  • Follow the directions in the Windows 2000 Setup
upgrading a windows nt 4 0 server and domain continued1
Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued)

Figure 5-10 Selecting the upgrade option

upgrading a windows nt 4 0 server and domain continued2
Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 Server and Domain (continued)
  • When the Active Directory Wizard starts, specify if you want to join an existing domain tree or forest, or start a new one
  • Establish the appropriate default domain and other group policies
  • Convert the domain to native mode after the last BDC is upgraded and there are no more Windows NT servers
troubleshooting tip1
Troubleshooting Tip
  • Create an emergency repair disk for each newly installed or upgraded server
  • Update the emergency repair disk every time you implement an important change on a server, such as after installing new hardware, drivers, and software
troubleshooting installation problems
Troubleshooting Installation Problems
  • The first step is to avoid problems through your advanced preparations
    • Purchase components listed on the HCL
    • Test all hardware before you start the installation
    • Run the computer’s diagnostics before starting
    • Run a comprehensive test of the hard disk before starting
service packs
Service Packs
  • Check Microsoft’s Web site for the latest information about service packs and the option to download them
  • For more control, install service packs using the Update command
uninstalling windows 2000 server
Uninstalling Windows 2000 Server
  • Backup the server files
  • Use the disk management utilities in the new operating system to delete the Windows 2000 partition, re-partition the drive, and format it (or start a Windows 2000 installation and delete the partition via Windows 2000 Setup)
  • Install the new operating system
chapter summary
Chapter Summary
  • Before you install Windows 2000 Server, make sure the computer’s components are on the HCL
  • Make decisions in advance about how to complete the installation options, such as how to partition the disk and what file system to use
chapter summary1
Chapter Summary
  • Use the appropriate installation option, such as installing from CD-ROM, from the installation diskettes, over the network, from another operating system, or unattended
  • Make an emergency repair disk after you finish the installation